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According to this page, Dijkstra's algorithm is just BFS with a priority queue. Is it really that simple? I think not.

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Why do you think that? –  Raphael Feb 24 '13 at 16:18
    
@Raphael Because it seems too simple, and it is: I studied it again and I see now it doesn't keep track of the distance between nodes, so it's really a BFS, not Dijkstra. –  Barry Fruitman Feb 24 '13 at 18:21
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Well, Dijkstra does change the values the queue is "sorted" with (often called "relaxation"); if you forbid that, it's not the same, true. –  Raphael Feb 24 '13 at 23:15

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up vote 5 down vote accepted

You can implement Dijkstra's algorithm as BFS with a priority queue (though it's not the only implementation).

Dijkstra's algorithm relies on the property that the shortest path from $s$ to $t$ is also the shortest path to any of the vertices along the path. This is exactly what BFS does.

Or in another perspective: how would Dijkstra's algorithm behave if all the weights were 1? Exactly like BFS.

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