It is very hard to define a human mind with a such mathematical rigor as it is possible to define a Turing machine. We still do not have a working model of a mouse brain however we have the hardware capable of simulating it. A mouse has around 4 million neurons in the cerebral cortex. A human being has 80-120 billion neurons (19-23 billion neocortical). Thus, you can imagine how much more research will need to be conducted in order to get a working model of a human mind.
You could argue that we only need to do top-down approach and do not need to understand individual workings of every neuron. In that case you might study some non-monotonic logic, abductive reasoning, decision theory, etc. When the new theories come, more exceptions and paradoxes occur. And it seems we are nowhere close to a working model of a human mind.
After taking propositional and then predicate calculus I asked my logic professor:
"Is there any logic that can define the whole set of human language?"
"How would you define the following?
To see a World in a grain of sand
And a Heaven in a wild flower,
Hold Infinity in the palm of your hand
And Eternity in an hour.
If you can do it, you will become famous."
There have been debates that a human mind might be equivalent to a Turing machine. However, a more interesting result would be for a human mind not to be Turing-equivalent, that it would give a rise to a definition of an algorithm that is not possibly computable by a Turing machine. Then the Church's thesis would not hold and there could possibly be a general algorithm that could solve a halting problem.
Until we understand more, you might find some insights in a branch of philosophy. However, no answer to your question is generally accepted.