To be clear, Big O and Big Omega are classes of functions. So if I have for example $\Omega(1)$, that's a set of a whole bunch of functions.
An algorithm's complexity is a function giving how many steps the algorithm takes on each input. This function may be in a class like $\Omega(1)$, or not.
$\Omega(1)$ is the class of functions $f(x)$ that are greater than some constant $c$ as $x$ goes to infinity. According to the technical definition, the function $f(x) = 0$ is not $\Omega(1)$, so an algorithm that never takes any steps (for instance) would not have complexity $\Omega(1)$. But virtually all algorithms would have complexity in $\Omega(1)$. (For example algorithms that always take at least one step.)
Since $\infty$ is not a number, $O(\infty)$ is not defined under any definition I've seen. It does not seem to be interesting to make this definition (
"all functions which are either finite or undefined"? but that is just all functions). So intuitively the answer to your question is yes, infinity is an upper bound on all algorithms' running times, but technically it's somewhat meaningless.
As a sidenote, we could extend little-o to include a domain of infinity by saying $f(x)$ is $o(\infty)$ if $f(x)$ is finite (i.e. well-defined) for all $x$. Under a definition like that, an algorithm that does not halt on some inputs would not have complexity $o(\infty)$. But every algorithm that does halt on all inputs would.
Edit/PS as pointed out by Yuval, we can give a slightly better answer for $O(\infty)$. Let's restrict attention to algorithms that halt on all inputs. Then we can define a function that grows like the maximum number of steps taken by any algorithm that halts. Call it $B(n)$. Then every algorithm's running time will be $O(B(n))$.
To define the function, let's take Yuval's suggestion and let $B(n) = $ the maximum number of steps taken by any halting TM of up to $n$ states on an input of up to $n$ bits. Now given any algorithm, it will be encoded as a Turing Machine, so it will have a certain number of states; say $N$ of them. Then the running time of the algorithm on inputs of size $m \geq N$ is at most $B(m)$. We can see this because $B(m)$ takes the maximum over all Turing Machines up to a certain size, including this one, so $B(m)$ will be at least as big as this TM's runtime.
See also: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Busy_beaver