Questions about properties of and problems on graphs, discrete data structures that have the form of nodes connected by edges, that is networks.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

21
votes
0answers
201 views

Finding an st-path in a planar graph which is adjacent to the fewest number of faces

I am curious whether the following problems has been studied before, but wasn't able to find any papers about it: Given a planar graph G, and two vertices s and t, find an st-path $P$ which minimizes ...
17
votes
0answers
306 views

Approximate minimum-weighted tree decomposition on complete graphs

Say I have a weighted undirected complete graph $G = (V, E)$. Each edge $e = (u, v, w)$ is assigned with a positive weight $w$. I want to calculate the minimum-weighted $(d, h)$-tree-decomposition. By ...
8
votes
0answers
171 views

Change in the distances in a graph after removal of a node

Given an undirected unweighted graph $G=(V,E)$ and a node $s \in V$, we are looking for a vector $\operatorname{diff}[]$, such that, $$\operatorname{diff}[v] = \sum_{u \in V \setminus \{v\}}{(d^{G ...
6
votes
0answers
117 views

How to solve the loan graph problem

The problem A loan graph is a directed weighted graph $\mathcal{G} = (V, A),$ where $A \subseteq V \times V.$ If we have a directed arc $(u, v)$, we interpret it as the node $u$ gave a loan of $w(u, ...
6
votes
0answers
74 views

Formulating shortest path as submodular minimization

I'm curious about the general question of whether any combinatorial optimization problem with polynomial time solution can necessarily be reformulated as minimizing a submodular function. The answer ...
6
votes
0answers
97 views

Computing the “at least k friends in common” graph

Suppose we have the graph of a social network with symmetric connections (e.g. Facebook or LinkedIn). Suppose we would like to find all pairs of people who have at least k friends in common, in order ...
6
votes
0answers
70 views

Decomposition of graphs that uses centers

Do you know of any kind of decomposition of graphs that involves centers, especially in the context of parametrized complexity? If so, please provide some reference. If not, do you see any reason ...
6
votes
0answers
314 views

Minimum vertex-weight directed spanning tree where the weight function depends on the tree

Given a directed graph $G=(V,E)$ and a node $r\in V$, I need to grow a tree $T$ rooted at $r$ that has a minimum weight and spans all reachable nodes in $G$. The weight function assigns a ...
6
votes
0answers
263 views

Worst-case sparse graphs for Hopcroft-Karp Algorithm

Of large sparse biparite graphs (say degree 4) with N verticies, roughly speaking, which of them cause the worst case running time of the Hopcroft-Karp algorithm? What is their general structure and ...
6
votes
0answers
109 views

What is the proof for the lemma “For every iteration of the Gomory-Hu algorithm, there is a representant pair for each edge”?

For a given undirected graph $G$, a Gomory-Hu tree is a graph which has the same nodes as $G$, but its edges represent the minimal cut between each pair of nodes in $G$. The Gomory-Hu algorithm finds ...
5
votes
0answers
91 views

minimizing computations for evaluating two polynomial simultaneously

I want to evaluate two polynomials $f$ and $g$ simultaneously, on the same input (in a computer program). These polynomial have only coefficients $0, 1, a , b$ and their degree is less than 700. I ...
5
votes
0answers
133 views

Parallel algorithm to find if a set of nodes is on an elememtry cycle in a directed/undirected graph

I'm looking to find / develop a simple parallel algorithm that does this: Input: vs: list of root vertices max_length: max cycle length max_dist: max distance to root Variants one variant of ...
5
votes
0answers
67 views

Model Join calculus as hypergraphs

I'm not sure if this is the right site to ask, but I couldn't find a another one. Some time ago I found out about the join calculus. It is based on constructs called joins to support concurrency. For ...
5
votes
0answers
193 views

Counting Graphs (Minimum Number of Bits Required To Encode Certain Graphs)

Background: I am interested in finding succinct data structures for certain types of graph classes, particularly partial k-trees. For general graphs, there are $\binom{\binom{n}{2}}{m}$ graphs on $n$ ...
5
votes
0answers
146 views

Finding Shortest Paths of weighted graph using stacks

I will be given some kind of this graph as in the picture below. I've searched some algorithms but it seams as if it is something impossible for me to figure them out. In fact using Floyd–Warshall ...
5
votes
0answers
802 views

A variation in Ford-Fulkerson algorithm

Suppose that we redefine the residual network to disallow edges into $s$. Argue that the procedure FORD-FULKERSON still correctly computes a maximum flow. I was thinking that when we augment a ...
4
votes
0answers
25 views

Successive Shortest Paths vs Ford–Fulkerson

Can someone explain how exactly Successive Shortest Paths (SSP) is a generalization of the Ford–Fulkerson algorithm? I've found this stated in a few papers and websites as well as the Wikipedia page ...
4
votes
0answers
76 views

Recognize if graph has Hamiltonian cycle from subgraphs

There is a graph G, which is not known to me. Instead I am given the multiset of all graphs that are obtained by deleting a single vertex from G. My task is to figure out, from all of these subgraphs, ...
4
votes
0answers
238 views

Necessary and sufficient condition for unique minimum spanning tree

This is an exercise problem (Ex.3) from the excellent lecture note by Jeff Erickson Lecture 20: Minimum Spanning Trees [Fa’13] . Prove that an edge-weighted graph $G$ has a unique minimum ...
4
votes
0answers
99 views

What is this prize-collecting optimization problem with travel times?

There exist very rich literature on discrete optimization problems such as variants of knapsack problem, traveling salesman problem, orienteering problem, tourist trip design problem and etc. ...
4
votes
0answers
289 views

Find shortest paths in complement graph

I'm looking for an algorithm that receives as input a vertex $s$, and finds the shortest paths from $s$ to all vertices in the complement graph (undirected). The algorithm should run in $O(V+E)$ time, ...
4
votes
0answers
333 views

Shortest path in graph - upgrade an algorithm

We are given a graph with $n$ vertices, $m$ edges, and path edge costs of $x$. For vertices without a direct path that are distant exactly one neighbor, we can add new edge with edge cost $y$. Our ...
4
votes
0answers
121 views

Beating fair colorings with few edges

I have been investigating parallel algorithms to compute certain two-dimensional dynamic programming recursions (on natural parameters); see also here. Under certain assumptions, cases one and two can ...
3
votes
0answers
122 views

Online bipartite edge-cover problem with requirements

I have $N$ nodes $v_1,\ldots,v_N$ in one partition $X$ and $M \leq N$ nodes $u_1,\ldots,u_M$ in a different partition $Y$. I want to connect nodes in $X$ to nodes in $Y$ with edges under the following ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Complexity class of maximum flow problem with random arc capacity

Given a graph $G=(N,E)$ with a special source node $s$ and sink node $t$. There is a subset of arcs $E^* \subset E$ that has the capacity drawn from a probability distribution $F$ independently. Then ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

Cheeger constant of a graph versus conductance of a Markov chain

Given some graph $G$ with vertices $V$ and edges $E$, its Cheeger constant $h(G)$ is well defined as $$ h(G) = \min_{S\subset V,0<|S|\leq|V|}\frac{|\partial S|}{|S|}. $$ Given some ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

Closed walk in planar graphs that contains k faces

Input: Planar graph $G$ and its embedding in sphere $\Pi$, edges $e, f \in E(G)$ and integer $k$. Output: A shortest closed walk (one among possibly many, if exists) in $G$ using $e$ and $f$ which ...
3
votes
0answers
122 views

Construct matching for half of the vertices, in linear time

Suppose we have a graph $G=(V,E)$ connected and $K_{1,3}$-free. Sumner proved that every claw-free connected graph with an even number of vertices has a perfect matching (so, it is maximum matching). ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Multicommodity flows with minimum congestion: NP-hard?

I have a question related to a paper of Chen, Lovasz and Pak [1]. The paper concerns the construction of the Markov chain with optimal mixing time on an arbitrary graph. They prove the optimal bound ...
3
votes
0answers
183 views

Which machine learning algorithm is appropriate for predicting a vector?

I have a very large set of animal migration data, consisting of many series of vectors - each series is basically a path of a single animal. The dataset I'm using consists of 244 of these series. ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

Heuristics to Find Circuits Allowing for Vertex Revists

I'm currently working on a project discussing applications of the Delaunay Triangulation, and the primary use-case is applications to TSP (or relaxations of the problem). See: ...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

Finding partial traveling salesman path of specified length

For a given set of nodes, I can find optimal paths that visit all nodes using various traveling salesman algorithms. As a subset of this problem, I would like to be able to find shortest partial ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

Efficient algorithms for mutual, inverse, or round-trip Personalized PageRank

I'd like to implement a similarity between two nodes (X and Y) of a graph based on a simple extension of the Personalized PageRank algorithm, either: (Mutual PageRank): the product of the PPR of Y ...
3
votes
0answers
163 views

Genetic algorithm crossover technique for solving graph colouring problem

I am trying to develop a genetic algorithm to solve a graph colouring problem. The problem is the standard graph colouring problem, given a graph $G = (V,E)$ where $V$ is the set of vertices $V=\{0 ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

Pagerank is equivalent to degree centrality

Can someone explain why pagerank defined for undirected graph with no damping factor is equivalent to the degree? $\sum_{j\in N(i)}{\frac{p(j)}{d(j)}} = d(i)$ I looked up every book I could, but ...
3
votes
0answers
115 views

Steiner tree wiring problem

I’m trying to find an algorithm that can give me an approximate solution for a wiring problem that I have been asked to look at. I believe this is closely related to finding a node weighted Steiner ...
3
votes
0answers
148 views

Maximum Weight Independent Set in Circular-Arc Graphs (Proof of A Lemma)

I am reading the paper: "Maximum Weight Independent Set Of Circular-Arc Graphs and It's Applications" (http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FBF02832044). And I had a question regarding the proof ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Help for implementing the maintenance of the connected components in the Euclidean plane in logarithmic time

I am aware of a logarithmic-time algorithm to maintain the connected components of graphs in the Euclidean plane (D. Eppstein, GF Italiano, R. Tamassia, RE Tarjan, J. Westbrook, and M. Yung. ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Graphs invariant to permutations of vertices

I am reading a paper on Semi Supervised Learning and I am confused about a term. The paper talks about graphs that are invariant to permutations of the vertices. Can somebody explain or perhaps give ...
3
votes
0answers
130 views

Drawing Zonotopes from an Adjacency Matrix

I'm conflicted whether to post this here or in either math.stackexchange or mathematica.stackexchange. Define a "simple zonotope" to be a regular $2n$-gon which is tiled by the following rule: all ...
3
votes
0answers
1k views

Show that the Minimum spanning tree Reduce Algorithm runs in O(E) on sparse graphs

This is a problem from CLRS 23-2 that I'm trying to solve. The problem assumes that given graph G is very sparse connected. It wants to improve further over Prim's algorithm $O(E + V \lg V)$. The idea ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Vertex Disjoint Path Covers of Hypercube-Like Graphs

This is a followup question relating to an older question I posted, namely: Decomposing the n-cube into vertex-disjoint paths. Given a graph $G = (V, E)$ and sets of distinct vertices $S = \{s_1, ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

General Steiner Tree Variants

In the general Steiner tree problem (Steiner tree in graphs), we are given an edge-weighted graph G = (V, E, w) and a subset S ⊆ V of required vertices. A Steiner tree is a tree in G that spans all ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

How to color sudoku with this added constraint?

I couldn't figure out an algorithm for following graph coloring problem: Output color of each vertex for this graph: Given a solved 9*9 sudoku board that is a 9-colored board, applied first three ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

min cut for multiple partitions

So I am familiar with the standard minimum cut problem in which the goal is to find the smallest possible set of edges in a graph such that, upon their removal, we have two nonempty, disjoint ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

maximum flow with all or nothing through each edge

Consider a maximum flow problem, where each edge has a small integer capacity. Now, I want a solution that for each edge uses the entire capacity, or no flow through that edge at all. To avoid the ...
2
votes
0answers
87 views

Vertex-disjoint cycles passing through a collection of vertices

I am wondering about the complexity of the following problem: given a directed graph $G=(V,E)$ (which may have self-loops at some vertices) and a subset of the vertices $U \subset V$, does there exist ...
2
votes
0answers
87 views

Assigning edge weights under shortest path constraints

We are given a graph $G = (V,E)$ and we need to find an assignment of non-negative edge weights (You must give every edge a non-negative weight). We are also given a set $R\subseteq V$ and mapping ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Conjunctive Regular Path Queries and Subgraph Isomorphism

How do conjunctive regular path queries and subgraph isomorphism relate to each other? It seems that conjunctive regular path queries are a specialised form of subgraph isomorphism. The follow is ...
2
votes
0answers
246 views

Constructing orthogonal latin square Parker/Knuth method

I'm working through Knuth; The Art of Computer Programming, Vol. 4 Fascicle 0 and I'm having a little trouble making sense of the method Knuth describes for computing an orthogonal latin square. The ...