Questions about how operating systems decide which process to execute at which time.

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0
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1answer
42 views

How to build/recognise a deadlock-free order of resources

I have been faced with a problem where three concurrent processes X, Y ,Z execute three different code segments that access and update certain shared variables. Before entering the respective code ...
0
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1answer
132 views

Exponential averaging for SJF CPU scheduling

Calculate the exponential averaging with $T_1 = 10$, $\alpha=0.5$ and the algorithm is SJF with previous runs as $8,7,4,16$. 9 8 7.5 None I am getting 4. None as the answer. ...
0
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1answer
108 views

What happens when time slices are too short or too long?

What bad things can occur when the lengths of the time slices in a multitasking system are too small? What can happen when they are too big? How should the length of the time slice be chosen?
-1
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1answer
60 views

processes response time confusion

An OS contains 10 identical processes that were initiated at the same time.Each process contains 15 identical requests. Each request consume 20 msec of CPU time.A request is followed by an I/O ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

A variant of job assignment (scheduling) problem with variable time span

The problem is a scheduling problem with n jobs and k machines. Each job i can be started at any time, but its duration is not exactly known except a time span interval. For example, a job may take ...
0
votes
2answers
800 views

Disk scheduling and process scheduling

Whats the diffrence between Disk scheduling and process scheduling? I mean i know the roles of disks and processes, but it seems to me they both have the same aim. to reduce monopolies, they even both ...
0
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2answers
3k views

The convoy effect in process scheduling

As I understand the convoy effect, in the context of vehicular traffic in a road system. A slow moving group of vehicles passes through the system, slowing traffic even in areas which were not ...
4
votes
3answers
7k views

What is the difference between Multiprogramming and Multitasking

I am finding it difficult to clearly differentiate between Multiprogramming and Multitasking. My primary source has been Wikipedia, but the WP article seems to be a little at odds with some less ...
1
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2answers
73 views

What mechanisms prevent a process from taking over the processor forever?

Suppose a process keeps running code (e.g. an infinite loop). How can other programs take over? What prevents the process from remaining active forever?
1
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1answer
100 views

Process state in multi threaded process

What would be the process state in a multi threaded process, in which threads are in different states (running, waiting, blocked etc)
1
vote
1answer
380 views

Scheduling algorithms and quantum time

I would like to know what impacts does a scheduling algorithm say Round Robin of FIFO have on a Operating system. I understand the a scheduling algorithm has the processes run in burst then switch ...
4
votes
1answer
683 views

First-Come-First-Serve scheduling algorithm - what happens to process after returning from I/O? where does it go in the queue [closed]

There are three processes in line, $P_0$, $P_1$ and $P_2$. $P_0$ registered and executes $P_0$ I/O blocked so $P_1$ executes $P_1$ I/O blocked $P_0$ executes. ?? After $P_1$ must come $P_2$ that ...
4
votes
1answer
506 views

How are threads implemented in different OSs?

I was reading Linux Kernel Development by Robert Love, where I came across this Linux takes an interesting approach to thread support: It does not differentiate between threads and normal ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What is meant by interrupts in the context of operating systems?

I've decided to read Operating Systems Concepts by Silberschatz, Galvin Gagne (8th edition) over the summer. I've gotten to a topic that's confusing me - interrupts and their role as it relates to ...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the average turnaround time?

For the following jobs: The average wait time would be using a FCFS algorithm: (6-6)+(7-2)+(11-5)+(17-5)+(14-1) -> 0+5+6+10+13 -> 34/5 = 7 (6.8) What would the average turnaround time be?
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Which queue does the long-term scheduler maintain?

There are different queues of processes (in an operating system): Job Queue: Each new process goes into the job queue. Processes in the job queue reside on mass storage and await the allocation of ...
8
votes
2answers
497 views

Round-robin scheduling: allow listing a process multiple times?

In a round-robin scheduler, adding a process multiple times to the process list is a cheap way to give it higher priority. I wonder how practical an approach this might be. What benefit does it have ...
12
votes
4answers
631 views

Does cooperative scheduling suspend processes when they perform an I/O operation?

Many operating systems references say that with cooperative (as opposed to preemptive) multitasking, a process keeps the CPU until it explicitly voluntarily suspends itself. If a running process ...