Questions about the algorithmic problems of finding shortest paths between nodes in a graph.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
113 views

Algorithm to find shortest path between two nodes

I want an algorithm similar to Dijkstra or Bellman-Ford for finding the shortest path between two nodes in a directed graph, but with an additional constraint. The additional constraint is that ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Linear programming formulation of cheapest k-edge path between two nodes

Given a directed graph $G = (V,E)$ with positive edge weights, find the minimum cost path between $s$ and $t$ that traverses exactly $k$ edges. Here is my attempt using a flow network: \begin{align} ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Shortest walk that covers $k$ nodes

I have the following problem, I would like to know an efficient algorithm to solve it. Suppose I have a weighted graph $G$ and a set of vertices $K$, I want to find a walk which starts at a vertex ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

kth nearest vertex in a unweighted graph

Given an unweighted undirected graph $G$ with $10^5$ vertices and a subset $S$ of special vertices and an integer $k$, I want to find the $k$th nearest special vertex for each vertex. What algorithm ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Modified Bellman Ford to find minmum cost cycle in O(E²V) time?

I'm thinking about how you can modify Bellman Ford a bit to calculate the minimum weight cycle in an undirected graph with positive weights. Note that the constraint is that the algorithm must run in ...
4
votes
2answers
47 views

Algorithms: Difference Constraints

I'm currently studying for my algorithms final and I came across a practice problem that I can't seem to figure out. Here's the problem: Consider the following set of difference constraints: ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Can negative weight cycle problem be resolved if we were to add a constant to all weights? [duplicate]

Suppose a graph contains three nodes a, b, c where w(a,b) = 5, w(b,c) = -4, w(c,a) = -6. Now let's add a 6 to all weights, so we have w(a,b) = 11, w(b,c) = 2, w(c,a) = 0. This seems to eliminate ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Transforming the sorting problem into Dijkstra [closed]

To get a lower bound of nlogn I am taking the sorting algorithm, which is well known to have that, and transforming/adapting it to Dijkstra's single source shortest path problem. I know you need to ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Dijkstra single-source shortest path $\Omega(n\log n)$?

If I have a directed graph with $n$ weighted edges, is it possible to prove that Dijkstra's single-source shortest path algorithm takes $\Omega(n\log n)$ in the worst case? I know heaps reduce ...
0
votes
2answers
27 views

Bellman–Ford negative path meaning

In the Bellman–Ford algorithm, what is the practical meaning of having a negative path between routers? I have tried searching the net but didn't find any data thanks Eli
5
votes
2answers
116 views

Is Dijkstras algorithm used in modern route-finding systems?

Is Dijkstra's algorithm used in modern route-finding systems such as Google maps or the satnav in your car? If not, then what is?
1
vote
1answer
51 views

find the shortest path between two nodes where the number of edges is minimal [closed]

Say you are given an undirected unweighted graph, where s and t are nodes from the graph. d(s,t) means the distance between s and t which outputs the number of edges. How do I find the the maximum ...
5
votes
0answers
36 views

Are there Some Pairs Shortest Paths Algorithms?

I know that there are All Pairs Shortest Paths algorithms. But I am not sure if they are effective if I am trying to solve the Pairs-Shortest-Path problem for a subset of my vertexes. The properties ...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

Dynamic Programming for finding shortest alternating paths between all pairs of vertices in a graph

I'm learning Dynamic Programming (By myself) and in the textbook there is this question: Given two undirected graphs $G_1=(V,E_1)$ and $G_2=(V,E_2)$ over the same set of Vertices $V$ and a weight ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Single Source Shortest Path: What does the weights on the vertex and edges tell you?

In MIT's open courseware (http://courses.csail.mit.edu/6.006/spring11/lectures/lec15.pdf), I do not see how computing a set of numbers on the edge and the vertex will produce the shortest path. ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

Proof of Dijkstra Algorithm Optimality

Has it been proven that Dijkstra's algorithm is optimal for asymptotic worst case of single-source shortest path on directed graphs? (Assume no preprocessing) I became curious when Wikipedia ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

A* cost implications of arbitrary/dynamic point on edge in navmesh

I currently have a working implementation of A* using navigation meshes. Agents are moving around a 3d navigation mesh, reaching their target, however often a sub-optimal path is chosen, when ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Is single-source single-destination shortest path problem easier than its single-source all-destination counterpart?

Dijkstra's algorithm (wiki) and Bellman-Ford (wiki) algorithm are two typical algorithms for the single-source shortest path problem. Both of them compute distances for all nodes from source $s$. ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Dijkstra's Algorithm with different color nodes

You are given a directed graph G = (V, E) and nodes s, t. Nodes are colored red, white, and blue. A path from s to t is called colorful if it contains both a red node and a blue node. The task is to ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Minimizing total distance to a point from a set of points

I've read about a problem: There are $n$ houses that are placed randomly. Place a parking lot so that the (straight-line) distance to all houses is minimal. I've written a Monte-Carlo algorithm, ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Betweenness centrality measurement ignoring inverse paths?

I'm implementing the Betweenness Centrality algorithm proposed by Brandes (first algorithm on this paper - also below), and I'm running into a very weird issue: it seems to be ignoring some paths ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Check whether a directed, rooted spanning tree is actually some shortest-paths tree in $O(V + E)$ time

Given a directed graph $G = (V, E)$, with all edge weights being non-negative, someone has written a program that he/she claims implements Dijkstra's algorithm. For a fixed starting vertex $s$, the ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Optimal path through a DAG with sparsely available edge weights [closed]

I would like to create a plot of certain metrics that are collected at revisions of a software system. The objective of the software engineers is to minimize those metrics. For version control, the ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Maze with constraint on grid [duplicate]

There are some algorithm or solving a simple maze on the web; but what I am trying to solve is a bit more complicated. Here is an example: ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Proving that shortest path distance of adjacent nodes can't differ by more than one

Could someone explain this proof to the following question? Lemma 22.1 from intro to algorithms Let $G=(V,E)$ be a directed or undirected graph, and let $s\in V$ be any vertex. Then, for any ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Influence of edge number and priority-queue implementation on the runtime of Dijkstra

When we try to find the shortest path of a directed weighted graph using Dijkstra’s algorithm, is there a relation between the number of edges/vertices of the graph and the different implementations ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

Minimising two maximum edges in s-t path

I've been trying to solve the following problem: Problem is the following: Given a graph and a pair of nodes $s$, $t$ you have to find the path from $s$ to $t$ which minimises the sum of its two ...
2
votes
0answers
237 views

Fastest algorithm for shortest path with atmost k edges on a DAG with non-negative edge weights?

(Please note, this is not a duplicate to Shortest path with exactly $k$ edges OR Shortest path with a fixed number of edges. What I want is a better algorithm) The problem under consideration is to ...
7
votes
0answers
117 views

Change in the distances in a graph after removal of a node

Given an undirected unweighted graph $G=(V,E)$ and a node $s \in V$, we are looking for a vector $\operatorname{diff}[]$, such that, $$\operatorname{diff}[v] = \sum_{u \in V \setminus \{v\}}{(d^{G ...
3
votes
1answer
297 views

Minimum distance between start and end by going through must visit points in a maze

So, suppose i have a maze, which has a start point and an end point, marked with Orange and red respectively and my goal is to find the minimum distance between them. The blocked path is represented ...
3
votes
1answer
186 views

Bellman-Ford and zero-distance cycle

Problem statement: Given a graph G(V,E) which is not acyclic and may have negative edge weights (and thus may possibly have negative-length cycles), how does one detect if the graph has a zero-length ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Stopping condition for goal-directed bidirectional search for shortest path

So I have a graph and need to find shortest path between two points in it. I need1 to do it it using bidirectional search. The bidirectional search should be goal-directed, i.e. A*. So let $l(u,v)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Parallel single source shortest path algorithm

Is there a deterministic parallel single-source shortest path algorithm (for graphs with non-negative edge-weights) that runs in sublinear time? The number of processors may depend on $n$ or $m$ ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Non-Approximate Dynamic All-Pairs Shortest Path algorithm for Undirected, Unweighted Graphs?

I am looking for an algorithm involving adding unweighted edges to an empty, undirected graph (with vertices) and then for each, updating the table of shortest paths. An example is if we have ...
5
votes
2answers
189 views

Adding a node between two others, minimizing its maximum distance to any other node

We are given an undirected graph weighted with positive arc lengths and a distinguished edge $(a,b)$ in the graph. The problem is to replace this edge by two edges $(a,c)$ and $(c,b)$ where $c$ is a ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Use Dijkstra to find negative cycles in a graph [closed]

I will state the problem: Suggest an algorithm that works in $O(|E| + |V|log|V|)$ time that checks if there are negative cycles in a graph. So, I saw the runtime, and I immediately said we need ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Shortest path with min-sum multiplication and Boltzmann distribution

My professor presented a method to find shortest paths using the min-sum multiplication and Boltzmann distribution. He multiplies the adjacency matrix many times and takes the $\beta$ of Boltzmann ...
1
vote
2answers
138 views

Finding shortest path from a node to any node of a particular type [closed]

I have an un-directed, un-weighted graph G.Starting from a given node A, i want to find whether there is a path from A to a node of a certain type .There can be many nodes of that type. The problem is ...
-2
votes
1answer
29 views

why negative cycle exists if we can relax the edges one more time after running the Bellman Ford Algorithm

We know Bellman Ford is an algorithm to find the negative cycle. And here is the algorithm for Bellman Ford Input: Given a graph G(V,E) and w(e) is weight Output: Return Yes if negative cycle exists. ...
1
vote
0answers
92 views

Is there an algorithm to compute the shortest Hamiltonian path in an undirected graph from one point to another in polynomial time?

Assumptions: given a graph with N nodes, and two specific nodes A and B the graph is undirected and no edge has a negative cost there exists at least one Hamiltonian path with A and B as an end ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Is finding negative cycle vertices NP complete?

I was trying to find all the negative cycle vertices using the Bellman–Ford algorithm using this paper solution 7.1(b) in $O(V)$ by tracing back the predecessor subgraph.It is also stated in ...
4
votes
1answer
121 views

How to reduce the cost of search based on previous BFS?

I got an unweighted, undirected graph, with $N$ vertices, where each vertex has degree $K$. In my case its a grid with dynamic obstacles. My goal is to output a map, based on given location on the ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Shortest path from starting cell to all cells in the grid

I found an algorithm for finding the shortest path on grid between selected cell, to all cells on the grid, with $O(KN)$ where $K$ is the number of neighbor cells and $N$ is the number of cells. How ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Bellman-Ford without getting stopped by negative cycles

Let $s$ be the source vertex. In the standard Bellman-Ford algorithm (e.g. the version found in CLRS), when there is a negative cycle reachable form $s$, the algorithm will return that a negative ...
0
votes
1answer
363 views

Floyd–Warshall algorithm on undirected graph

I am referring to the algorithm from the Wikipedia page on the Floyd–Warshall algorithm. In case of undirected graphs should I change the assignment statement inside the ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Find longest path between two disjoint sub-sets of vertices $V_1, V_2 \subset V$ of a Graph

I have a homework question which I would appreciate some help with: Let there be a DAG $G=(V,E)$ with positive weights. For every two different vertices $v_1, v_2$ we will define $D(v_1, v_2)$ to ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Proof of shortest-paths optimality conditions

I am struggling with understanding the proof of shortest-paths optimality conditions. Let $G$ be an edge-weighted digraph. Then values in $distTo[]$ are the shortest path distances from $s$ iff: ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Example of graph with exponential many s-t minpaths and min cuts

I am trying to find a graph in which both s-t minpaths and min cuts are exponential. Individually I found examples in which s-t minpaths and s-t min cuts are exponential. Can some one provide me an ...
3
votes
2answers
413 views

Shortest path in weighted(positive or negative) undirected graph

I have to find an algorithm that finds the SSSP (single-source shortest path - shortest paths from one source vertex to all other vertices) on a weighted undirected graph. If there are 2 different ...
4
votes
1answer
74 views

How to perform local search on simple paths?

I have a local search problem. The set of valid solutions are all the simple paths (i.e. without repeated nodes) from a node $S$ to a node $T$ in a directed graph. The question is: given a current ...