Tagged Questions

the algorithmic problem of ordering a set of elements with respect to some ordering relation.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
40 views

How many comparisons in the worst case, does it take to merge 3 sorted lists of size n/3?

How many comparisons in the worst case, does it take to merge 3 sorted lists of size n/3? (where n is a power of 3) I was told it takes: $$2(n-2) + 1 = 2n-3$$ However, I can't seem to figure out ...
-1
votes
0answers
49 views

Can we tweak Mergesort to perform better than Quicksort? [closed]

Generally We know Mergesort has complexity $O(n\log n)$ and Quicksort has worst case complexity of $O(n^2)$, which rarely happens if we choose good pivot. I would like to know if there is some way to ...
3
votes
3answers
479 views

Rigorous Proof of Insertion Sort

Currently I self study CLRS book (Outside of any course, so I got no access to an instructor) And I am stuck proving Insertion Sort, The proof in CLRS book is not so formal. Here's the algorithm: ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Sorting with a recursive oracle

It is known that the runtime complexity of sorting is $\Theta (n \log n)$. But what if we have, for every input array of size $n$, an oracle that can sort any array of $k<n$ numbers in constant ...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

About sorting numbers in linear time

If one is given $n$ numbers picked uniformly at random from the interval $[0,1]$ then is it possible to sort them in linear time? It seems to me that some such method exists which uses binary ...
4
votes
1answer
16 views

How to order objects to minimize non-adjacency cost

I have an array of $N$ objects, each appearing exactly once. I also have a list of $M$ pairs of the objects. Each pair has a "non-adjacency cost" that must be paid if the two objects are not adjacent ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

What is the runtime of Mergesort if we switch to Insertion Sort at logarithmic depth?

Consider the Mergesort algorithm on inputs of size $n = 2^k$. Normally, this algorithm would have a recursion depth of $k$. Suppose that we modify the algorithm so that after $k/2$ levels of ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Permutations in an k-sorted array

Definition of $k$-sorted array: An array in which an element is at-most $k$ places away from its sorted order. I have a question in my Algorithms assignment which asks to prove the lower bound to ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Showing that tournament sort requrires O(n log n) comparisons

I wish I could think of a better way to word my question. Maybe some one here could offer s suggestion for that, as well. On to my question. Before I do, this is a class question that has been asked, ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Top N percent elements in a queue

I implemented a queue using two stacks which gives me $O(1)$ en-queue time, $O(1)$ amortised time. Now suppose I want to find top $10\%$ elements in the queue at any time. How am I suppose to ...
-4
votes
2answers
89 views

Sort doubly linked list efficiently

How efficiently can a doubly linked list be sorted? The minimum I could get is $O(n^2)$. Can anyone suggest something better?
11
votes
2answers
246 views

Algorithm to distribute items “evenly”

I'm searching for an algorithm to distribute values from a list so that the resulting list is as "balanced" or "evenly distributed" as possible (in quotes because I'm not sure these are the best ways ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

What is the min # of moves to sort an array from 1 to n?

Problem: You are required to sort an array with numbers from 1 to n. You can do a "move", which means choosing one element and moving it to any place you want (insert to any place, not swap). Prove ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Programming and evaluating sorting algorithms based on its complexity [duplicate]

I need to program and evaluate two sorting algorithms: insertion sort and merge sort I know that the complexity of insertion sort is O(n^2) and for the merge sort is O(n·log n) In this case I have a ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Why comparison is dominant time consumption for comparison-based sorting algorithms? [duplicate]

Comparison-based sorting algorithms does a number of different operations to accomplish the sorting, why comparisons are the dominant time consumption? While I understand the standard analyses of ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

Sorting with gaps

Suppose we have a directory containing $N$ files whose names are numerals, but not necessarily contiguous numerals. Let's say for concreteness that each file contains an email message, each of which ...
-2
votes
1answer
102 views

Sorting when there are only O(log n) many different numbers

We have $n$ integers with lot's of repeated numbers. In this list, the number of distinct elements is $O(\log n)$. What's the best asymptotic number of comparisons for sorting this list? Any idea or ...
-2
votes
1answer
44 views

LSD and MSD sorting - which requires fixed length keys?

I am studying these sorts, but it is still unclear to me which one of these two would require fixed length keys?
-1
votes
4answers
232 views

Proving Quicksort has a worst case of O(n²)

I am sorting the following list of numbers which is in descending order. I am using QuickSort to sort and it is known that the worst case running time of QuickSort is $O(n^2)$ ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Can I use breadth-forst search for topological sorting?

Can I use Breadth first Search for finding topological sorting of vertices and strongly connected components in a graph? If yes how can I do that? and If not why not? I tried with a simple acyclic ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

How to write all $r$-tuples with a certain property in a list [closed]

I have the following question: Let $a,b,c,d$ be four natural numbers with $a \leq b$ and $c\leq d$. I have written a program that produces a list, which has as entries all 2-tuples $(x,y)$ with ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Algorithm to partially sort list into equal-sized buckets

Suppose I have a large list of numbers that I want to divide into equal-sized buckets so that every bucket contains only larger numbers than buckets to its left. Numbers within each bucket don't need ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

How to sort using $\texttt{SQRTSORT}$ as a subroutine which sorts $\sqrt{n}$ of consecutive elements?

I am teaching myself algorithms with the online lecture notes by Jeff Erickson and fails to solve the following problem (Problem 21 of Lecture 1). (a) Describe an algorithm that sorts an input ...
-3
votes
1answer
49 views

Min-max selection sort

Is there already modified version of selection sort that works like this pseudocode: ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Complexity of Sorting Integers on a Multitape Turing Machine

How expensive is sorting integers on a Multitape Turing Machine? The usual algorithms rely on indirect access, so how much does losing it cost us? Say we have $N$ integers from $[0, 2^B)$. It's not ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Runtime analysis of sorting an array with known number of inversions

I'm having difficulties with analyzing the worst-case runtime of this following case: I'm given an array that has $n$ natural numbers. Out of all $\binom{n}{2} = \frac{n(n-1)}{2}$ possible pairs ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Computing the complement of a set

Suppose I have a set $A$ of elements in $\{1, \ldots, n\}$, given as an unordered list. I would like to compute the complement of $A$, i.e., I would like to produce an unordered list of entries in ...
-2
votes
1answer
78 views

How do you return the k smallest elements of an array using Mergesort?

I'd like to create a modified mergesort algorithm to return the k smallest elements of an array. The mergesort algorithm below sorts an unordered array of size n. How do I modify the algorithm so that ...
5
votes
1answer
79 views

Difference in Sorting 32- and 64-bit Integers

In 2007, Barrack Obama was interviewed at Google. The question was, "What is the best way to sort a million 32-bit integers?" Does the fact that the size range of the integer was specified elude to a ...
5
votes
3answers
496 views

Word Frequency with Ordering in O(n) Complexity

During an interview for a Java developer position, I was asked the following: Write a function that takes two params: a String representing a text document and an integer providing the ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

What is the average-case running time of Fun-sort?

I read this paper: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166218X04001131?np=y (you can check the PDF online for free), and I translated section 4's Fun-sort algorithm (correct me if I'm ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Sorting numbers in $O(1)$

Here is an experiment I came up with (I don't have sufficient material to make it): Say that, you have a list of $n$ numbers $L = \{l_1, l_2, ..., l_n\}$. And you have bars representing those numbers ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

is there a sorting algorithm of order $\log n!$

Is there any sorting algorithm that takes order of $\log n!$ in the worst case? I know that this is the lower bound for sorting algorithms using comparison based sorting. I know that there are ...
-2
votes
2answers
197 views

Quicksort implementation unclear

This code is taken from wikipedia: ...
3
votes
2answers
220 views

Why does introsort use heapsort rather than mergesort?

As part of a homework assignment covering implementation of introsort I'm asked why heapsort is used rather than mergesort (or other $O(n\log(n))$ algorithms for that matter). Introsort is a ...
5
votes
1answer
35 views

Linearithmic lower bound for 1-D “distinct” closest pair of points problem

The 1-D distinct closest pair of points problem is as follows: Given a set of n distinct integer points on real line, find a pair of points with the smallest distance between them, here the distance ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Dual-pivot Quicksort reference implementation?

Has some sort of canonical - or reference - implementation of Dual-pivot Quicksort been posted anywhere? I would like to include that algorithm in a comparison among sorting algorithms for a ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Why don't we calculate swaps and other steps except comparison for finding time complexity of a sorting algorithm? [duplicate]

I was learning some basic sorting techniques with their complexity. However I cannot understand why only the number of comparisons are taken into account while calculating time complexity and ...
1
vote
2answers
433 views

Find the minimum amount of swaps to sort array

When getting source array length, I want to generate the array of swaps that need to be performed in order to sort the source array. I want to make this array as small as possible. Swaps will be ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

A home assignment. C language [closed]

Help would be much appreciated. "Receive a number and reorder it from the largest to the smallest. Input: 13252 Output: 53221 Cant use arrays... Only while, for, if/else ... any idea? i'm ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views
2
votes
3answers
1k views

QuickSort Dijkstra 3-Way Partitioning: why the extra swapping?

Given the algorithm above (taken from the slides (p. 35) of the Coursera course “Algorithms Part I” by Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne), look at the scenario where i is at "X", the following ...
2
votes
2answers
236 views

Proving the Bubblesort actually sorts

Say $A'$ is the output of $\mathrm{Bubblesort}(A)$ on an array of length $N$. To prove that Bubblesort works, we have to prove that it always terminates and that $$A'[0]\leq A'[1] \leq \dots \leq ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

Given $k$ sorted lists, $O(n \log k)$ complexity, Mergesort rather than Heapsort

I was convinced that my idea for a solution to sort $k$ sorted lists into one list would work with a 'variation' on MergeSort. I was told this would not work and had to use Heapsort, but didn't get ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

How can I quantify the number of swaps required for insertion sort?

Based on the Wikipedia implementation of insertion sort: Given an input array $A$: ...
2
votes
0answers
284 views

Choosing the optimal radix/number-of-buckets when sorting n-bit integers using radix sort

This is a popular question: What is the most efficient (in time complexity) way to sort 1 million 32-bit integers? Most answers seem to agree that one of the best ways would be to use radix ...
0
votes
0answers
103 views

On ranking (sorting) by a varying distance metric

I came across an interesting procedure that ranks (sorts) a set of tuples, not by comparisons between tuples, but by the proximity between next tuple(s) and the set of tuples already ranked. ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

Selection Sort Time Complexity using Big O notation

I'm trying to understand why the sorting algorithm Selection Sort has a time complexity of O(n^2). Looking at the math, the time complexity is T(n) = (n-1) + (n-2) + ... + 2 + 1 And this is stated ...
7
votes
3answers
358 views

Is transitivity required for a sorting algorithm

Is it possible to use a sorting algorithm with a non-transitive comparison, and if yes, why is transitivity listed as a requirement for sorting comparators? Background: A sorting algorithm ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

Minimum number of exchanges needed to get all negative values left of all positive ones

Suppose we want to arrange n numbers stored in an array such that all negative value occur before the positive ones. What will be the minimum number of exchanges in the worst case ?