# Tagged Questions

The spanning tree of a connected undirected graph G is a tree having all the vertices and some number of edges of G.

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### Is there a minimum spanning tree including $e$ after removing at most $k$ edges?

Let an undirected, connected graph $G=(V,E)$ with the weight funciton $w:E\to \mathbb{R}$, an edge $e$, and $0<k\in\mathbb{N}$. Describe an algorithm determines if there are at most $k$ edges could ...
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### Equivalent definition of minimal spanning tree

Prove that $T$ is MST $\Leftrightarrow$ for any edge $uv \notin T$, $uv$ has the maximal weight on the cycle created by adding $uv$ to $T$. It's my attempt to prove $\Rightarrow$: Consider the ...
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### MST that contains a shortest $s,t$-path

Consider the problem in which we have an (undirected) graph $G=(V,E)$, weight function $w:E\to\mathbb N$ and a pair of vertices $s,t\in V$, and are required to determine whether there exists an MST $T$...
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### Finding MST after adding a new vertex

Let $G=(V,E)$ which is undirected and simple. We also have $T$, an MST of $G$. We add a vertex $v$ to the graph and connect it with weighted edges to some of the vertices. Find a new MST for the new ...
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### Find a graph for which Kruskal's algorithm achieves worst-case running time

I am working on a problem in which I must find a graph with edge weights on n vertices, for which Kruskal's algorithm achieves worst-case running time. I am using a UNION-FIND data structure, but ...
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### Prize collecting Steiner tree on graph without weights on edges

I have been trying to find an easy-to-implement approximation algorithm on the problem of Prize collecting Steiner tree on node-weighted graph without weights on the edges. The closest I have come is ...
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### Spanning tree with chosen leaves NP-Complete proof

I want to prove that the problem described here Spanning tree with chosen leaves is NP-Complete. Of course it is in NP, but what problem would be appropriate to reduce to prove NP-Hardness? And how ...
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### Determining if an undirected connected graph is minimally connected

I'm trying to solve a practice problem in Elements of Programming Interviews (19.4) and I am a bit confused. The question is to determine if an undirected connected graph is minimally connected. ...
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### two connected graph - find linear spanning subgrap such that subgraph is still connected

Graph $G$ is 2-connected. It means that for each two edges there are exists at least to disjont (in terms of edges) paths. Graph $G$ is not directed. Our task is to find spanning subgraph $H$ of ...
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### Why if $G$ has two spanning trees $A$ and $A'$, then every edge of $A'\cup \{e_i\}\in A'$

Theorem: Let be $G$ a weighted graph in which every edge has a different weight. Suppose that $G$ has two spanning trees $A$ and $A'$. Let be $i$ the first index such that $e_i\ne e'_i$ ...
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### Why does if A is a spanning tree which doesn't have $e_1$ then $A\bigcup\{e_1\}$ has a unique cycle?

I am studying the algorithm of Sollin and we recently studied a lemma: Let be G a graph which values are diffferent on the edges. We sort the edges $e_1,e_2,...e_m$ such as $v(e_i)<v(e_j)$ ...
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### Local search to find minimum degree spanning tree

Suppose for a graph $G=(V,E)$ and a spanning tree T of G, $\Delta(T)$ is the largest degree of a vertex in T, and let $\Delta^*$ be the smallest such quantity over all spanning trees of $G$. We have ...
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### Maximum Spanning Tree vs Maximum Product Spanning Tree

So I'm kind of wondering if I'm correct on something relating to an algorithms class. Let's say I want to, for whatever reason, find the maximum spanning tree of a graph such that the edge weight is ...
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### Minimum Spanning Tree over Vertices Proof

This is the problem: $d_{T}(v)$ denotes the degree of a vertex in a spanning tree $T$ and $w: V \rightarrow R^+$ is a weight function defined on vertices. The goal is an algorithm that finds a ...
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### Karloff's algorithm applied to sparse graphs

I'm given a graph $G = (V, E)$ with $|V| = N$ and $|E| = m \ge N^{1+c}$ edges for some constant $c >0$. $G$ is called a $c$-dense graph. Karloff [1, p.6] has given a map-reduce algorithm called "...
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### What is the graph with $8$ vertices and $12$ edges that has the most spanning trees? [closed]

I'm not sure if this is an open question, but what is the graph with $8$ vertices and $12$ edges that has the most spanning trees?
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### Spanning tree with chosen leaves

I'm working on the following problem: Suppose that we're given a connected, undirected graph $G = (V, E)$ with edge weights $w_e$ and a subset of vertices $U \subset V$. We want to find the ...
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### Prims Algorithm MST

I have this problem : And here's my attempted solution, could someone inform on whether it's correct thanks Haven't got enough reputation to make them into images so far..
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### Borůvka cleanup in linear time?

Given boruvka's algorithm: ...
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### Is there a flaw in this Wikipedia proof of cycle property of Minimum Spanning Tree?

On wikipedia, there is a proof for the cycle property of the Minimum Spanning Tree as follows: Cycle Property: For any cycle C in the graph, if the weight of an edge e of C is larger than the ...
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### Unclear about proof for unique MST given graph G with distinct weights

http://homepages.math.uic.edu/~leon/cs-mcs401-s08/handouts/mst.pdf I have some trouble understanding the proof above. I understand that we assuming two MSTs, T and T', and an edge e that is the ...
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### Necessary and sufficient condition for unique minimum spanning tree

This is an exercise problem (Ex.3) from the excellent lecture note by Jeff Erickson Lecture 20: Minimum Spanning Trees [Fa’13] . Prove that an edge-weighted graph $G$ has a unique minimum ...
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### Difference between spanning tree and a tree?

Strictly in the context of computer science, what is the difference between a spanning tree, and minimum spanning tree? I read this posts but was unsatisfied with the answer because it did not seem ...
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### Find a MST such that it's mostly red (original graph's edges are colored red and blue)

Consider the following problem: Given a simple, strongly-connected, weighted graph G=(V,E), of which every edge is colored either red or blue (in addition to having a numeric weight). Find an ...
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### simple lower bound for constructing a Spanning tree

i have to demonstrate that under the assumptions{Bidirectional Links, Total Reliability (no error during the execution), Connectivity, Distincts ids values, Multiple inititators (entities that starts ...
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### Need a hint! Karger's algorithm versus Kruskal, spanning tree distribution

Let G = (V,E) be a unit-capacity graph with n vertices and m edges. Let T denote all the spanning trees in G. If we run Karger's algorithm, we will get a random spanning tree in T formed by the ...
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### Show that the tree resulting from BFS is a spanning tree?

Given that $G$ is some connected and undirected graph, and I want to run BFS on it from some starting vertex. How can I show that $T = \{ \{\text{predecessor}[u], u\} \mid u \text{ is a vertex}\}$ is ...
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### Does a graph always have a minimum spanning tree that is binary?

I have a graph and I need to find a minimum spanning tree to a given graph. What is to be done so that the output obtained is a binary tree?
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### minimum spanning tree and minimum heavyweight spanning tree [duplicate]

a minimum heavyweight spanning tree is a spanning tree in which the heaviest edge is as light as possible. Formally, input : given connected undirected weighted graph, $G$. output : a spanning tree $T$...
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### Applications of min spanning trees

What are the significant applications of minimum spanning trees? After doing some research online and in several textbooks, I have found three real-world applications: Building a connected network. ...
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### Is it possible for a graph to have two different minimum spanning tree

I am suppose to create a minimum spanning tree from this graph below I got this answer However this is my textbook answer Based on what i have learnt , I think my answer and the textbook ...
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### Find an MST in a graph with edge weights from {1,2}

I've been asked the following question: Given a connected undirected graph $G=(V,E)$ and a weight function $w: E \to \{1,2\}$, suggest an efficient algorithm that finds an MST of the graph. ...
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### Choosing spanning trees to maximise node connectivity

Given: n variables in X, and m sets of variables where each set, Ci contains a subset of X. I am trying to generate the graph G = (X, E) by picking the edges in E given the following constraints. ...
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### Find MST based upon new definition

Redefine the weight of a spanning tree to be the weight of the maximum weight edge in the tree (i.e. the weight of the tree is no longer the sum of the weights of all the edges in the tree, only the ...
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### Why is the k-bounded spanning tree problem NP-complete?

The $k$-bounded spanning tree problem is where you have an undirected graph $G(V,E)$ and you have to decide whether or not it has a spanning tree such that each vertex has a degree of at most $k$. I ...
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### If all edges are of equal weight, can one use BFS to obtain a minimal spanning tree?

If given that all edges in a graph $G$ are of equal weight $c$, can one use breadth-first search (BFS) in order to produce a minimal spanning tree in linear time? Intuitively this sounds correct, as ...
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### Question about spanning trees and creating them through BFS and/or DFS algorithms

The question is as follows: True or False: For every non-directed connected non-weighted graph and for every spanning tree T of the graph there exists a vertex v such that T is a DFS tree with the ...
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### Minimal spanning tree with degree constraint

I have to solve this problem: We have weighted $n$-node undirected graph $G = (V,E)$ and a positive integer $k$. We can reach all vertices from vertex 1 (the root). We need to find the weight of ...
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### Applications of Depth-First Spanning Tree

I know that depth-first search can be used to produce a depth-first spanning tree, which classifies all edges as tree edges, forward edges, backward edges or cross edges. Are there any algorithms that ...
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### Prim's Algorithm - Building the Priority Queue

Suppose we were using a priority queue (PQ) to implement Prim's algorithm. My understanding is that initially the weight of all vertices is set to $\infty$. The weight of the starting vertex is then ...
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### MST: Prim's algorithm complexity, why not $O(EV \lg V)$?
According to CLRS, the Prim's algorithms is implemented as below -- $\mathtt{\text{MST-PRIM}}(G,w,r)$ for each $u \in V[G]$ do $\mathtt{\text{key}}[u] \leftarrow \infty$ \$\pi[u]...