0
$\begingroup$

I've seen some very useful posts about this, but none took into consideration both the tag and valid bits. This is a question I took from a notebook in my computer engineering course.

Consider a machine with a direct mapped cache, with 1 Byte blocks and 7 bits for the tag. This machine has a RAM with 2 KB capacity. Calculate the cache's total capcity, counting the tag bits and valid bits.

Breaking a cache into parts, I have the tag bits, set index and block offset.

I already know I have 7 tag bits, but then I'm really not sure how to calculate the rest, because in this type of question we are usually given the words per block. I think the offset is 3, because 2^3 (8 bit blocks).

I feel like the question itself doesn't give enough, shouldn't it be stated how the system address is (byte/word addressable)? Also, is the RAM capacity relevant to the question at hand?

$\endgroup$
0
$\begingroup$

Unless specified otherwise, addresses are always byte adresses (and with a cache with 1B/block, any other choice would not make sense)

Ram size is relevant as it indicates addresse width.

Cache blocs are 1 byte -> offset=0b (offset indicates byte position in block and only 1 possible position).

RAM is 2kB (2^11) -> address is 11 bits

Adress width=Tag with+Index width+Offset width

Tag=7b, Address=11b, Offset=0b -> index=4b

Cache is direct Mapped -> Cache size for data=number of blocks * block size = 2^(index size)*(Block size)

-> Cache Size (data) = 2^4*1B=16B

Block associated with Tag(7b) + 1 valid bit -> 1 extra B for control per block

Total cache size = 16 block each with 1B data and 1B control -> 32B

$\endgroup$
  • $\begingroup$ Thank you, this was very clear and helpful. Yes, I considered it byte addressable, as it made the most sense,but I started seeing a lot of similar questions that said it should be specified, thanks for explaining that. $\endgroup$ – Blind Roach Jan 18 at 13:19

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.