# An algorithm to maximize the number of parallel tasks

I have a set of compute tasks I want to schedule, these tasks have dependencies and a task may not be executed until all its dependencies are executed.

The problem can be represented as a directed acyclic graph:

The current scheduler ensures correctness, and capable of culling unneeded tasks such as k in the previous graph (assuming the end goal is i).

I am struggling to find another equivalent algorithm to maximize number of tasks running in parallel (tasks on the same line may be executed in any order):

a, b, j
c
d
e, f, h, g
i


Flatten form, what is between () may be in any order and represent parallel tasks:

  (a, b, j), (c), (d), (e, f, h, g), (i)


The idea here I want to fill the compute engine with as much work as possible.

• How can you be processing "e" in the second step if there is a dependency to it from "d" (which is only executed in the third step)? Mar 18, 2019 at 9:13
• Can you give some precisions on the actual constraints ? You can execute any number of parrallel tasks ? All tasks have the same cost in time ? Your objective is to achieve $i$ task as soon as possible (can $j$ be executed a little later for instance as it is on a very short branch) ? Mar 18, 2019 at 9:19
• @dkaeae I am sorry, that was a mistake Mar 18, 2019 at 9:21
• @Vince There are no constraints on the number of tasks. Regarding j, no j should be executed as soon as possible. The idea here I want to fill the compute engine with as much work as possible. Mar 18, 2019 at 9:26

From your initial DAG $$G(E, V)$$ You start reversing all edges to build a new DAG $$G'(E, V')$$. Then do a BFS from $$i$$ in $$G'$$ to remove any unneeded tasks (unreached nodes in the BFS). This step is $$O(N)$$ with $$N = |V'|$$, the number of edges.

From $$G$$, build the number of requirements of each task ($$R(V)$$) and at the same time the list $$L$$ of the tasks with no requirements. this takes $$O(N)$$.

Then you iterate on this pseudo-algorithm:

while(root is not executed)
L' = empty list
for v in L
for each node v' with an edge in G' from v to v'
R(v') -= 1
if R(v') == O then add v' to L'
execute all L in a parrallel step
L = L'


this is $$O(N)$$.

• Thank you! I have added a Python implementation of this algorithm. Mar 19, 2019 at 9:42