how would I prove

$ 8^n = Θ(4^n)$ is either true or false.

I so far have attempted to prove big O but cant find the value of C1

  • $\begingroup$ This seems like a homework question. What values of $c_1$ have you tried? Remember it can also be less than 1 (but has to be greater than 0). $\endgroup$
    – ryan
    Commented Mar 24, 2019 at 23:58
  • $\begingroup$ I did it using this method link and came to $3^n<=C1$ $\endgroup$ Commented Mar 25, 2019 at 0:01
  • $\begingroup$ Oh wait, I misread. A good approach to this (when they are both exponential) is trying to convert them to a common base. For instance we can convert them both to base 2, meaning $4^n = 2^{2n}$ and $8^n = 2^{3n}$. Can you now prove if $2^{3n} = \Theta(2^{2n})$? $\endgroup$
    – ryan
    Commented Mar 25, 2019 at 0:14
  • $\begingroup$ would I do this the same way ? and sorry I meant I has 2^n <= C1 $\endgroup$ Commented Mar 25, 2019 at 0:16
  • $\begingroup$ You could draw a similar conclusion. If you know $c_1 \geq 2^n$ this would imply that $c_1$ must be greater than a non-constant value (because $2^n$ is a function of $n$). Therefore we have a contradiction that $c_1$ is not a constant, and thus no constant $c_1$ would exist for this inequality. Does this logic make sense? $\endgroup$
    – ryan
    Commented Mar 25, 2019 at 0:17

1 Answer 1


Just compute $\lim_{n\to\infty} \frac{8^n}{4^n} = \infty$. Hence, $8^n = \Omega(4^n)$ and also $8^n = \omega(4^n)$.


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