Yes, this is called ruling set.
An $(\alpha,\beta)$-ruling set is a set $S$ such that any two nodes in $S$ are at distance at least $\alpha$ from each other, and, for any node $v \notin S$, there exists a node $u \in S$ such that the distance between $u$ and $v$ is at most $\beta$. So a maximal independent set is a $(2,1)$-ruling set. (This is defined in  but there might be prior references.)
 Korman et al. Toward more localized local algorithms: removing assumptions concerning global knowledge. PODC '11 Proceedings of the 30th annual ACM SIGACT-SIGOPS symposium on Principles of distributed computing