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Let's say we have a Matrix M and a column vector v like below

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multiply

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equals

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Assume we can only perform multiplication, addition and substraction operation. With normal approach we need 3 multipliction and 3 addition to calculate row1 row1 = v_1 + 2v_2 + 2v_3 + 4v_4. However we can do it smartly by

t1 = v_1 + 2*v_3
t2 = v_2 + 2*v_4
row1 = t1 + 2 * t2
row2 = t2 - t1
row3 = ...

Totally we only need 4 multiplication and 5 addition/substraction to do the calculation.

Is there any algorithm or approach to figure out the minimum number of operations?

P.S. I know sub-expression elimination algorithm can be used for this kind of problem. However I am trying to figure out whether it can be solve by linear algebra method or explaination.

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