this is a question given in a PDF about streaming algorithms (this isnt an assignment but im trying to understand)
Exercise 4.4.1 : Suppose our stream consists of the integers 3, 1, 4, 1, 5, 9, 2, 6, 5. Our hash functions will all be of the form h(x) = ax+ b mod 32 for some a and b. You should treat the result as a 5-bit binary integer. Determine the tail length for each stream element and the resulting estimate of the number of distinct elements if the hash function is:
(a) h(x) = 2x + 1 mod 32.
(b) h(x) = 3x + 7 mod 32.
(c) h(x) = 4x mod 32.
! Exercise 4.4.2 : Do you see any problems with the choice of hash functions in Exercise 4.4.1? What advice could you give someone who was going to use a hash function of the form h(x) = ax + b mod 2k ?
I have already resolved the first exercise, finding a max R tail length of 0 for (a) and 4 for (b) and (c), therefore the resulting estimation of distinct elements is respectively 1,16,16. (it is not asked to do averages/medians of the hash functions to find a better value)
However, I can't seem to figure the answer to the second exercice ? Is it simply to choose 'a' and 'b' in a certain manner ? or are these functions not good to generate equally randomly numbers with trailing 0s and no trailing 0s ?
Thank you in advance
you can observe the results of each hash functions by running this code : https://onlinegdb.com/rJXC4f4VL