# Variant of greedy algorithm for vertex cover

Does the following approximation algorithm for vertex cover also have an approximation ratio of 2? Why? Why not?

Input: $$G = (V,E)$$

1. Set $$C \gets \emptyset$$ and $$E' \gets E$$.
2. while $$E' \neq \emptyset$$ do:
• Pick any edge $$(u,v) \in E'$$.
• $$C \gets C \cup \{u\}$$.
• Remove from $$E'$$ all edges incident to $$u$$.
3. return $$C$$.
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No, this is a terrible algorithm. Consider a star graph: the vertices are $$x,y_1,\ldots,y_n$$, and the edges are $$(x,y_1),\ldots,(x,y_n)$$. Your algorithm goes over the edges in an arbitrary order, and always picks the $$y$$ vertices. It ends up with $$n$$ vertices rather than the optimal $$1$$ vertex solution.