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Generally, we can implement algorithms in-place and out-of-place.

However, I can't say for certain that radix sort can be implemented in both ways.

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    $\begingroup$ What prevents you from checking that? $\endgroup$ – Dmitry Apr 15 at 0:35
  • $\begingroup$ @Dmitry well, it does not return a new array, but it does stores some variables. So I got my answer, 'it depends' (see Nathaniel's answer below) $\endgroup$ – Monther Apr 15 at 2:21
  • $\begingroup$ Analyzing a piece of Python code is out-of-scope for this site. Coding and implementation-specific questions are off-topic here. $\endgroup$ – D.W. Apr 15 at 6:28
  • $\begingroup$ @D.W. See my edit. $\endgroup$ – Monther Apr 15 at 22:24
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    $\begingroup$ You should check en.wikipedia.org/wiki/… $\endgroup$ – Nathaniel Apr 15 at 22:42
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It depends on the definition of in-place algorithm you are using.

  • if in-place just means that the algorithm transforms the input without returning a new array, then yes;
  • if you also want to use no additionnal data structure, or limit the additionnal space usage to be $o(n)$, then no, because of the creation of the arrays count and output.

There are different meanings to an in-place algorithm, as stated here.

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  • $\begingroup$ can we implement radix sorting algorithm without using additional space? $\endgroup$ – Monther Apr 15 at 2:07
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    $\begingroup$ Not to my knowledge. $\endgroup$ – Nathaniel Apr 15 at 2:13

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