# How to arrange a sub-array for Quick sorting algorithm?

Alghorithm : Quick sort .

idea : devide and conqure .

steps : 1- find the pivot point from array like first element . 2- partiotioning the array so that elements are smaller than pivot point are in the left side and ones are bigger in the right side . 3- sorting both sub arrays (recursion)

Question : i know all of the steps but i don't know how to sorting sub arrays in step 3 . i can't find any example that explains this ending part .

Example : if you look at this you see that both sub arrays are unsorted and we should complete steps with recursion method to solve this and this is my question . but can you explian this for me ?

• Its just a simple recursion. Call quicksort on both sub arrays Jun 15, 2021 at 12:25

The conceptually simplest way is to simply use the same algorithm recursively to sort the sub arrays; hence why it's labeled as recursion. As long as the base cases for very small arrays are correctly defined, this will yield a correct result.

As an example, let's Quicksort some alphabet, using first symbol as pivot:

sort(FHDEBACG) -> sort(DEBAC) F sort(HG)


Then, we recursively sort DEBAC and HG. I'll demonstrate with the former:

sort(DEBAC) -> sort(BAC) D sort(E) -> sort(BAC) D E
sort(BAC)   -> sort(A) B sort (C) -> A B C


thereby getting the desired result:

sort(DEBAC) -> A B C D E


In practice, Quicksort implementations are often modified to sort small enough (sub-)arrays with Insertion Sort, which usually exhibits superior performance for sufficiently small input arrays. Arrays and sub-arrays larger than this are sorted, as above, usually by recursively applying the same algorithm.

• Thank you so much . can you take a look at this top picture ? i can't undrestand it . in your example we just normally divide the elements between p.p yes ? Jun 15, 2021 at 14:02
• @jasmine The top picture seems utterly irrelevant to Quicksort; it appears to portray the Bubble Sort algorithm. Jun 15, 2021 at 20:21
• Yes i think so . Thank you , i really learned it because of your help . Jun 16, 2021 at 6:16