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We were taught to use reductions in order to show that a given L is undecidable. My question is, given some definition of a new L, is there a way to find a reduction $$ L\leq_mHALT $$ So that I can determine $L \in RE$? More specifically, given the quite common problem of the decidability of $$ L=\{\langle M\rangle | |L(M)| ≥ 5\} $$ (Or any other natural number instead of 5)

All proofs I've seen online construct a TM that uses dovetailing so I was wondering if there is a different way to solve this problem, specifically using a reduction.

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You can get a reduction from the proofs you've seen. Construct a TM $M_L$ which uses dovetailing to count how many inputs a given TM $M$ accepts and let $M_L$ halt once that counter reaches a value $\geq 5$. Thus, $M_L$ halts on input $\langle M \rangle$ if and only if $\langle M \rangle \in L$, yielding the desired reduction.

I don't see an easier reduction for this problem.

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