I had been reading about File systems recently and came across the File Allocation Table in FAT systems. As per my understanding the File Allocation Table contains entries of the various files stored in the partition. This includes things starting cluster, ending cluster, file name etc (I still didn't understand exactly which all data is stored in File Allocation Table. I am aware that the information held in the table will vary with files systems.)
Some resources say that File Allocation Table is stored in the first sector of the partition. But I have also read on wikipedia that each entry made to File Allocation Table in a FAT32 system requires 32-bit or 4 bytes. Also, it said that the maximum number of files that can be stored in FAT32 system in a single folder is 65534. Thus, assuming we have 65534 files in a folder we get 65534*4= 262136 bytes ~262 kb. This means that already half of the sector is filled with File Allocation Table. Thus, I don't understand how the entire file allocation table can be accommodated just within the first sector. Unless it is continued somewhere else or stored entirely somewhere else.