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I know that there are non-regular languages, so that $L^*$ is regular, but all examples I can find are context-sensitive but not context free.

In case there are none how do you prove it?

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    $\begingroup$ Can be answered with the same techniques as cs.stackexchange.com/questions/1549 $\endgroup$ – sdcvvc May 25 '12 at 20:54
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    $\begingroup$ Hint: all languages which contain the alphabet have a very simple Kleene closure. $\endgroup$ – Raphael Dec 15 '14 at 22:58
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$L = \{a^n b^n \mid n\in\mathbb{N}\}$ is context-free but not regular (classical example). So is $L' = \{a^n b^n \mid n\in\mathbb{N}\} \cup \{a,b\}$.

$L'^\ast = \{a,b\}^\ast$ is regular.

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    $\begingroup$ Brute-force, but valid. $\endgroup$ – Raphael May 25 '12 at 22:51
  • $\begingroup$ $L' = L$, actually... $\endgroup$ – vonbrand Nov 30 '16 at 1:48

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