everyone! I don't know a whole lot about the fields of encryption or quantum computing, but I've read a lot of articles on the subjects and that is prescisley what caused this question. I've been a little scared about the whole NSA quantum computer that is build for the sole purpose of cracking encryption codes. I am fairly certain that they wouldn't use that power to get into random civilians' information, but if they did how hard would it be to block them out?
According to the numbers I've seen this computer could crack a typical encryption code within a little more than a week. And I recall seeing that a typical encryption key used in a consumer application is either 64 or 128 bits (or bytes?) long. I'm sorry if I'm getting these numbers wrong. Now, a week is an awful long time to to wait to crack a code (but wickedly better than with conventional computers), so they wouldn't waste their time on the password hash for your Facebook account. But say they did, wouldn't it be easy to overwhelm that system? According to mathematics the total number of time it would take to break the code would double with every bit longer the code is, and multiply by 256 with every byte. So, assuming a computer that could crack a 64bit code in up to a week, it would take 3.54^17 years to crack a 128 bit one.
Is this true? And if it is, then wouldn't this make the NSA computer useless? Because anyone that the angency would want to hack into could simply just increase the length of their encryption keys.
Thanks for any insight on the matter, and sorry if I have my facts wrong.