In a given cellular automaton, such as Conway's Game of Life, is there anything known about how many Garden of Eden patterns there are by pattern size? Say, pattern size is n x n, what's the likelihood that a random pattern is a GoE as n increases?
Also, by the Garden of Eden-theorem, only cellular automata which are non-injective, that is, for which a given pattern may have more than one predecessor, contain Gardens of Eden.
Is it then in general impossible to see whether a given cellular automaton pattern at some time-step is derived from a GoE (since there could also have been a non-GoE ancestor leading to the same state)? That is, does the evolution of the CA 'wash out' the information that it is derived from a GoE? (I hope it's sufficiently clear what I mean.)
Furthermore, is there a relation between GoE-patterns and uncomputability/undecidability? It seems to me that if you consider the CA to be implementing some computation, then the GoEs are 'outputs that could never be produced', at least heuristically, but a brief Google search led nowhere. Perhaps asked another way, is there a relation between the existence of GoEs and the universality of a CA? I know Life is both universal and has GoEs, but I don't know about the general case. Any pointers would be much appreciated.
Having done some additional reading, I think I can strike out the third question: since reversible cellular automata that are computationally universal exist (according to wiki), there doesn't seem to be any connection between computational universality and GoEs. Now, what about universal constructors? Are there reversible universal constructors? Von Neumann's original rule happens not to be reversible, and in fact, has GoEs, but again, this need not say much.
The wikipedia page above mentions a way to emulate d dimensional irreversible CAs within d + 1 dimensional reversible ones, which readily establishes the computational universality of the latter, but I'm not sure if this holds as well for universal construction: the emulated constructor would only construct patterns on a d-dimensional sub-grid of the automaton (?).