Given a weighted, undirected graph $G = (V,E)$, how can I compute the average weight of edges?
It seems an easy problem (divide the total weight to the number of edges!) but I couldn't manage to find the sum of the edge weights since each edge can be counted several times while iterating through the vertices.


2 Answers 2


If $w(i,j)$ is the weight of edge $ij$ then:

$avg = \frac{1}{2|E|}\sum_{i\neq j}w(i,j)$.

Why $2E$ ? Because when traversing vertices you will calculate both edges $ij$ and $ji$. Since it's the same edge, you are adding its weight twice, so you need to remove this redundancy by dividing by 2.


Alternatively, without dividing by $2$, I would write:

$avg = \frac{1}{|E|} \sum_{i} \sum_{j<i} w(i,j)$

as two for loops in code.


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