Valiant & Vazirani proved SAT is reducible to UNIQUE SAT under randomized probabilistic reductions in polynomial time. Calabro et al. showed that UNIQUE k-SAT is as hard as k-SAT. Now the question is, if someone shows that UNIQUE k-SAT is in P, does it imply P=NP?
L. G. Valiant and V. V. Vazirani, "NP is as easy as detecting unique solutions." Theoretical Computer Science 47:85–93, 1986. (PDF on ScienceDirect.)
C. Calabro, R. Impagliazzo, V. Kabanets and R. Paturi, "The Complexity of Unique k-SAT: An Isolation Lemma for k-CNFs". Journal of Computer and System Sciences 74(3):386–393, 2008. (PDF at ACM Digital Library; free PDF.)