To my knowledge, halting problem asks if there exists a program that decides whether a program being tested, given some input data (no matter what program it is, or what input data we give) will terminate or not. The answer to this problem is 'no'. In other words, there is no 'single' program that can verify it for all possible pairs (some algorithm, some input data).
But it doesn't mean we can't decide if particular program X will terminate or not.
I can't comment other answers yet, but one of them brought my attention:
In practical terms, it is important because it allows you to tell your ignorant bosses "what you're asking is mathematically impossible".
Maybe you can tell me what that person meant? In my scenario, my ignorant boss can ask me to verify (actually, prove or disprove) if my program (that's a particular program) will terminate or not. And of course there are pairs (algorithm, input data) that can be proven to terminate (or never terminate).
The question is - can I prove it for every such pair (program, input data) separately? Even if the answer is yes, then there's a problem - there can be infinitely many 'input data'. So it's quite natural to ask - can I prove, for every algorithm, that this algorithm will terminate (or the opposite), no matter what input data I provide?