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For a simple linear search on an unsorted list my textbook says the following:

To determine the average case, you add the number of iterations required to find the target at each possible position and divide the sum by n. Thus, the algorithm performs (n + n - 1 + n -2 + ... + 1)/n, or (n + 1)/2 iterations.

The code example he uses is this:

def sequentialSearch(target, lyst):
    """Returns the position of the target item if found, or -1 otherwise."""
    position = 0
    while position < len(lyst):
        if target == lyst[position]:
            return position
        position += 1
    return False

I'm having trouble understanding how he is deriving (n + 1)/2 from the above?

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    $\begingroup$ Hint: What do you think is the sum of that first expression? Think "Gauss sum". $\endgroup$ – D.W. Nov 22 '15 at 5:59
  • $\begingroup$ Our reference question may help. You just analyse the algorithm for "find lyst[i]" and average over all i. $\endgroup$ – Raphael Nov 22 '15 at 9:01
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The sum $n+(n-1)+\dots + 3+2+1$ evaluates to $n(n+1)/2$ (it's the so-called Gauss sum). Now divide by $n$, you and get $(n+1)/2$.

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