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So, this might be a really simple problem but I can't seem to find a nice algorithm to solve it:

Given two ranges, [a1, a2], [b1, b2] (all real numbers) and a real number n, find the length of the overlapping segment between the two ranges over a modulo of n.

For example, consider a 24-hour clock and the range [20, 4] (night time); for a given range, calculate the number of hours within that range that are night hours:

[13, 21] ==> 1 #[20,21]

[0, 6] ==> 4 #[0, 4]

[11, 19] ==> 0

I tried to think of it in terms of predefined segments [a1,b1], [b2, a2] and do some math with them but it didn't work. Maybe I should sort them somehow?

I will appreciate any help or direction, thanks!

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    $\begingroup$ What is "the length of the overlapping segment ... over a modulo of $n$"? $\endgroup$ – Yuval Filmus Mar 14 '16 at 19:57
  • $\begingroup$ @YuvalFilmus in the clock example it is the total number of hours between the beginning of the range and its end.. |[23, 1]| = 2 $\endgroup$ – user20561 Mar 14 '16 at 21:13
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Here is how I understand your problem. We have a modulus $n$. A generalized interval $[\![a,b]\!]$ consists of $[a,b]$ if $a < b$, and of $[a,n) \cup [0,b]$ if $a > b$ (assume for simplicity that $a != b$). You want to know the size of the intersection of two generalized intervals $[\![a_1,b_1]\!],[\![a_2,b_2]\!]$.

One way to solve this is to decompose each generalized interval into a disjoint union of one or two intervals, and then compute the size of the pairwise intersections (which I will let you work out yourself), and sum them up.

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  • $\begingroup$ eventually I solved it using these assumptions and 7 if-statements, checking whether a1, a2, both or none of them are inside [b1,b2] and then calculating accordingly. Thanks :) $\endgroup$ – user20561 Mar 14 '16 at 21:18

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