I came across a question which asked how sorting would help in searching for counterexamples to the conjecture that $$u^6 + v^6 + w^6 + x^6 + y^6 = z^6$$ has no non trivial solutions in integers.
The answer said to make two files containing values of $u^6 + v^6 + w^6 \pmod W$ and $z^6 - y^6 - x^6 \pmod W$. $W$ is the word size of the computer. Sort these, search for duplicates and go for further steps.
Can someone explain what these further steps would be in detail ?