A Reed-Solomon error-correcting code consisting of N symbols is guaranteed to detect up to N single-symbol replacements in an arbitrarily long input plus the ECC itself, and is also guaranteed to correct up to floor(N/2) single-symbol replacements in the same.
I can't claim to understand the math behind Reed-Solomon ECC, but I notice that all the implementations I could find operate on symbols in base 16, 64 or 256. This seems to suggest that 1024 etc. are also bases in which this scheme can operate with the right polynomial.
Is it possible to have an ECC scheme with exactly the above properties that operates on decimal symbols? Can Reed-Solomon be trivially adapted for this purpose?
(this question is prompted by my answer to a puzzling.SE question)