No. Deterministic, to me, means that the state of a system at any given point in time is a function of its state at any previous point in time. So all one needs to show a difference is an example of a system that evolves according to a function that isn't computable. For instance encode programs as Godel numbers. The state of a system at any given point in time (where time is discrete) is 0 if the represented program halts and 1 if it loops. This is an example of a discreet deterministic system (all be it an abstract non-physical one). It's also easy to find examples of non-discreet deterministic systems that can't be computed.
I'm not sure if there is some example that can be pulled from physics or not. Quantum systems themselves can be simulated but there might be properties of them that can't be computed there from. I know of something called the "spectral gap problem" but I'm not sure how that plays into your answer and moreover you might not call a quantum system "deterministic" because of how measurements work in quantum systems.
Another possible, but more philosophical, definition of deterministic would be the lack of presence of free will which you might think a quantum system qualifies as. But I don't think that's what you were looking for.