# Original literature on adversary argument

I want to know about the early invention/use of the adversary argument (see the lecture note by Jeff Erickson) which is a technique for establishing lower bounds of problems.

I cannot find the original papers which invented/advocated adversary argument or the first problems whose lower bounds are obtained by adversary argument. (In particular, I am quite surprised that there are no wiki pages on adversary argument.)

Do you know some original literature on adversary argument?

• Huh. This is not exclusive to lower bounds, so maybe it comes from a whole different area? – Raphael Apr 20 '18 at 11:49