I am reading some properties on the A* search algorithm on Wikipedia, specifically:
"If the heuristic function h is admissible, meaning that it never overestimates the actual minimal cost of reaching the goal, then A* is itself admissible (or optimal) if we do not use a closed set. If a closed set is used, then h must also be monotonic (or consistent) for A* to be optimal."
But I am not sure I understand what a "closed set" refers to. Is it different than an open set / frontier? If so, why? And why do we use a "closed set" as opposed to an "open set" for A*? Is a priority queue a closed set?