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Help is needed, I've tried to solve it by myself but I could find any reasonable solution which is solid enough. this is what I've wrote:

Consider a 0-1 ILP, where each variable x1,x2...,xn can assume values 0 or 1. The number of constraints is m.

We can choose all possible 2n assignments of x1, x2...xn in non-deterministic manner.

Checking the feasibility of each assignment takes O(nm) time, and Computing the value of the objective function for each feasible assignment takes O(n) time Since a nondeterministic manner considers all assignments simultaneously. Thus, we have a non-deterministic polynomial time.

Due to Karp

Please provide a better solution

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  • $\begingroup$ If I gave you what I claim is a solution (call me Oracle), how long would it take to check it? $\endgroup$
    – gnasher729
    Nov 4, 2017 at 13:47
  • $\begingroup$ NP is equivalent to: "If the answer is YES, then you can show that it is YES in polynomial time, given the right hint". $\endgroup$
    – gnasher729
    Nov 4, 2017 at 13:48
  • $\begingroup$ @gnasher729 I get your point, but I wouldn't ask my question if I wasn't stuck... can you help? $\endgroup$
    – DeJaVo
    Nov 4, 2017 at 13:50
  • $\begingroup$ cs.stackexchange.com/a/69427/755 $\endgroup$
    – D.W.
    Sep 15, 2023 at 22:03

1 Answer 1

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As stated in the comments, you can show that a problem is in NP by demonstrating the existence of a polynomial time verifier. In this case, such a verifier would be provided the values of $x_1, x_2, \dots, x_n$, and would need to answer the question "do these values of $x_1, \dots, x_n$ form a solution"? In this case, all you need to do is check that all $m$ contraints are satisfied.

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  • $\begingroup$ Is there a solution that uses a simplex method? $\endgroup$
    – DeJaVo
    Nov 6, 2017 at 20:18
  • $\begingroup$ I don't claim to be well-versed in linear programming, but I believe not, as the simplex method appears to have a worst case exponential time complexity. If you have to use a particular method, I suggest you ask about it in a new question. In the meantime, please keep this answer accepted if it answers your original question. $\endgroup$
    – theyaoster
    Nov 6, 2017 at 23:08
  • $\begingroup$ I agree with your observation $\endgroup$
    – DeJaVo
    Nov 7, 2017 at 6:36
  • $\begingroup$ What if $x_1,\ldots,x_n$ are of exponential size w.r. to given $A,b,c$? $\endgroup$ Oct 26, 2021 at 20:55

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