This is a pretty naive question, but I would like to better understand the basics of information storage on a computer. I am not concerned with the detail of how any one operating system achieves this.
I know there are different ways to identify which bits in memory make up a given file (on a given machine at a given time) as revealed in the difference between "Size" and "Size on disk" in the properties of a file. Windows File Explorer currently says one of my files has Size 14.0 KB (14,415 bytes) and Size on disk 16.0 KB (16,384 bytes) Each is correct but they measure somewhat different things.
Here are my two core questions: Is it fair to say that a 14,415 byte file can be interpreted as a binary number with roughly 115,320 binary digits (8 times 14,415)? And is it likely that the same file transferred to another machine would be placed in storage a little differently so that it would be a different binary number? Or is that just way off track?
I will not ask more now since comments may help me to clarify the question in ways I would not think of myself.