As it says in the title:
Are there problem instances which we know to be unsolvable?
Are there any promise problems with a finite number of possible inputs which are undecidable?
Please note: I realize that many computational problems are known to be unsolvable, but to the best of my knowledge (limited it may be) all must take an infinite number of inputs. Therefore, their existence does not imply that there cannot be an infinite number of algorithms each solving a subset of these problems.
Remark: I only wish to consider well-defined problems, i.e. every input has a correct output.
On a related note, is there a complexity hierarchy for promise problems with only a finite number of possible inputs?