Linked Questions

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1answer
14k views

Is this language regular or non-regular: {ww : w ∈ {a,b}* } [duplicate]

This is a question from a text book that's giving me some trouble. The question is: Determine whether or not this language is regular. Justify your answer. $$L = \{ww : w \in \{a,b\}^* \}$$ I ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

Show that a language consisting of strings of a prime number of 1s is irregular using pumping lemma [duplicate]

Question: L is a language defined as $\ L = \{1^l | l\in primes\}$ (strings of 1s having a prime length). Show that this is not a regular language ($\ L \notin REG$). You may either use the theory ...
1
vote
1answer
6k views

Proof that {$a^m b^n$ | m!=n} is not regular [duplicate]

I know that the language $\{a^m b^n | n\neq m\}$ satisfies the pumping lemma, but it's still not regular (I have to count the # of a's and b's). How can I formally prove it?
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Proving that {0^{2^k}} is not regular with the Myhill-Nerode theorem [duplicate]

My language is the repetition of 0 to a length that's a power of 2: $L = \{ 0^k \ni k=2^n, n \geq 1 \}$ I want to know how to prove that this language is not regular. I have attempted the proof ...
0
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1answer
1k views

Union of finite and non-regular language [duplicate]

Question: ($B$ and $C$ are languages) $B$ is finite,$C$ isn't regular: Prove/Disprove: $C\cup B$ isn't regular. Thoughts: My intuition says this is true, but I need an idea to prove it. Since I don'...
1
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1answer
2k views

Prove that the language L = {a^(m+n) b^m a^n | m, n ≥ 0} ∪ {a^m b^n a^(m+n) | m, n ≥ 0} is not regular [duplicate]

In general, how can we go about proving that union of two languages as non regular. In this case, the individual languages can be proved as non regular using pumping lemma. How can we apply pumping ...
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2answers
1k views

Prove or disprove whether L is regular [duplicate]

Let $\Sigma = \{0,1\}$. For every word $w \in \Sigma^*$, let $|w|_0$ and $|w|_1$ denote the count of 0's and 1's, respectively, in $w$. Let $L$ be the language $$L = \{ w \in \Sigma^* \mid |w|_0 \gt |...
2
votes
2answers
742 views

Prove that the following language is not regular: $\{0^i1^j : i \neq j\}$ [duplicate]

I was trying to approach this proof, after multiple reads and attempts I am getting nowhere. If someone could help me out that would be great. Should I use the pumping lemma, if so how show I start, ...
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1answer
1k views

pumping lemma for $L=\{a^n b^m c^k \mid n = m \vee m\neq k\}$ [duplicate]

Using pumping lemma, how can I prove that $L=\{a^n b^m c^k \mid n = m \vee m\neq k\}$ is not regular?. If I choose $w= a^m b^m c^m$ and pump up with $i=2$, if have $a^m=1 b^m c^m$ but the string is ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Proving a language is not regular [duplicate]

I need to prove that the following language is not regular $\{c^mb^na^n \mid n>0,m\geq0\}$ But I am not sure how to do that for this particular one. I vaguely understand pumping lemma, but ...
2
votes
2answers
646 views

L ={ $a^{m^n}$ | $m$>$n$ } is Regular or not by pumping Lemma [duplicate]

L ={ $a^{m^n}$ | $m$>$n$ } I am bit confuse whether to consider this language as L = $(a^{m})^{n}$ OR L = $a^{\left(m^n\right)}$. If it is considered as L = $(a^m)^{n}$ then want to check it ...
1
vote
1answer
444 views

Non-regular Languages? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to prove that a language is not regular? Why $L_a$ and $L_b$ are not reguluar? $L_a = \{ e^i f^{n-i} g^j h^{n-j} : n \in N, 1 \leq i, j \leq n \}$. $L_b= \{nm^{i_1} ...
0
votes
1answer
941 views

Pumping lemma on {a^n | n=3^k} — help finishing the proof [duplicate]

I am working on a pumping lemma question and trying to prove that the following is not regular, but I can't finish the proof, if someone can help me it will be great. So I am given this language: $L ...
-1
votes
2answers
320 views

Finding nfa or dfa for a language [duplicate]

I'm trying to study for the summer ahead of class I saw this question, please how do I go about it? Find NFA/DFA for the language $L = \{0^n1^n : n \in N\}$
0
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1answer
924 views

Using the pumping lemma for a proof by contradiction [duplicate]

I'm trying to prove that the set of even-length strings with the two middle symbols being equal cannot be accepted by finite automata. I can explain why it cannot be accepted intuitively, but I'm ...
-1
votes
1answer
693 views

Proving that a language given by a CFG is not regular [duplicate]

Consider the language defined by the following grammar: $$ \begin{align*} &S \rightarrow E \\ &S \rightarrow \epsilon \\ &E \rightarrow E+E \\ &E \rightarrow E-E \\ &E \rightarrow \...
1
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1answer
431 views

Show this language is non-regular using pumping lemma: B = {ww | w ∈ {a,b,c,…,z)*} [duplicate]

The question I'm working from is: Prove whether or not a finite automation exists that recognises the following language: B = {ww | w ∈ {a,b,c,...,z)*} EDIT So I believe this is a non-regular ...
3
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1answer
189 views

How to prove for that a given non-regular language its given super-set is also non-regular? [duplicate]

Consider the non-regular language $L_1$ = {$a^n$b$a^n$: $n \geq 0$} and its super-set language L = Language of strings with equal number of trailing and leading a's, or in other words, $$L = \{a^...
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votes
1answer
504 views

Proving a grammar/language as not regular [duplicate]

$D → T ∨ D | T$ $T → C ∧ T | C$ $C → ¬C | name | ( D )$ $name → a | b | c | d$ I am not looking for the complete answer, but more the methodology of working this out. How would I go about proving ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

Prove this language is non-regular [duplicate]

I'm struggling to understand this question using pumping lemma to prove a language is not regular. Any help would be appreciated. Prove using the Pumping Lemma that the following language is not ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

Class of a Language [duplicate]

What are the common ways to check if a given language is regular, context free, or context sensitive? Any surveys or notes would also be helpful. There's no need to describe your suggestions. eg. it ...
1
vote
3answers
519 views

Irregularity of language of words whose length is of power of 2 [duplicate]

How to show that the language containing the words whose length is a power of $2$, $L=\{w\mid|w|=2^i\}$, isn't regular using the pumping lemma? The pumping lemma says that Let be M a regular language....
1
vote
1answer
387 views

proving {$a^ib^jc^k : j = i \lor j = k$} is not regular [duplicate]

i had troubles proving this is not regular using the pumping lemma {$a^ib^jc^k : j = i \lor j = k$}. Not sure how to approach this anymore, and help would be appreciated
1
vote
1answer
156 views

Proving a language is not a regular language but a context free language [duplicate]

I have the languages $L_1$ and $L_2$ such that $L_1 = \{a^nba^n :n \in N\}$ and $L_2 =\{a,b\}^*\setminus L_1$. I want to prove that $L_2$ is not a regular language. I know that to prove that $L_2$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
281 views

Pumping Lemma vs Myhill-Nerode [duplicate]

I was searching for a difference on both ways of proving that a language is not regular but I didn't came up with much. Let us take the following as an example: $$ L = \{ a^n b^n \mid n \ge 0\} $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Showing that $\{ c^n a^m b^{n+m} : n+m \geq 6\}$ is not regular [duplicate]

I'm trying to show that $L_6=\{c^n a^m b^p : n+m=p,p \geq 6\}$ is not regular. I need a little help, I was practicing the pumping lemma, and I encountered this language, I saw these conditions and got ...
0
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2answers
130 views

How to prove that these two languages are regular, or not regular? [duplicate]

I have these two languages $L_1={\{a^n b^m,n≥m+5,m>0}\}$ Where $∑=(a,b)$ $L_2={\{a^n b^m,n≥m+5,m≤5}\}$ Where $∑=(a,b)$ As you can see that there is only one difference, the condition of ...
-1
votes
1answer
204 views

Proving a language is non-regular using the Pumping Lemma for non-binary strings [duplicate]

I am unsure of how to prove this language is non-regular. I do not even know where to start to develop a string that would prove the language is non-regular by contradiction. Any help would be ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

Why are these languages not regular? [duplicate]

Show that the following languages are not regular: $(1)\ L=\left\{a^nb^mc^k\mid n>k \land n,m,k>0\right\}$ $(2)\ L=\left\{a^nb^mc^k\mid m>k \land n,m,k>0\right\}$ I've difficulties ...
2
votes
1answer
112 views

How to prove that $L_1=1^*\cup \{0^i 1^{j^2}|i\ge 0,j\ge 0\} $ is irregular? [duplicate]

We know that $L=\{0^i 1^{j^2}|i> 0,j\ge 0\} $ is irregular (by the Pumping Lemma), we have to use it to prove two things: $L_1=1^*\cup \{0^i 1^{j^2}|i\ge 0,j\ge 0\} $ is irregular. $L_1$ is ...
1
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1answer
169 views

How to show that $L=\{ wa^kw | w \in \{ a,b,c \}^* ,k \geq 0 \}$ is not regular using the pumping lemma for regular languages? [duplicate]

I'm trying to show that the language in the title is not regular but I don't know how to chose a decomposition $x = abc$ to express the word in the language because the $w \in \{a,b,c\}^*$ is kinda ...
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votes
1answer
72 views

Provide “regular” grammar for this language {${a^ib^j \mid i>0\ and \hspace{2.5mm}i\leq j \leq(2*i)}$} [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand the approach to constructing an grammar which accepts the language ${a^ib^j \mid i>0\ and \hspace{2.5mm}i\leq j \leq(2*i)}$ } Thanks.
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Pumping lemma not regular [duplicate]

How would about proving this is not regular with the pumping lemma. Please include all steps and explain all steps. I am really new with this. $1^{2x}0^y$ and $y>= x$ Does it matter which side ...
1
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2answers
76 views

Prove that a language is not regular with process of elimination [duplicate]

When deterministic automaton, I need to prove that you can't implement the language in it, because the language is not regular. Easiest way to prove that a language is regular, is just by making an ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Pumping Lemma for regular language [duplicate]

I have a question to find out that L = {a^(2k)|k>=1} is regular. I know that it is regular set but I was looking to find out if pumping lemma is satisfying or not. So I tried it as - ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Prove language is not regular? [duplicate]

I know how to use the pumping lemma to do so, but I don't think that can be used for this language: $$L = \{x \in \{0,1\}^* : \text{no prefix of $x$ has more $1$'s than $0$'s}\}. $$ What other ...
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1answer
112 views

Is the language given by this CFG regular? [duplicate]

S → AB | C A → aAb | ab B → cBd | cd C → aCd | aDd D → bDc | bc How can I prove that this language is regular or not? I need your help. It also has two ...
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0answers
97 views

Proving that $\{0^nw1^n\mid n\geq 0, w\in\{0,1\}\}$ is irregular [duplicate]

How can I prove that the language $L = \{0^nw1^n\mid n\geq0,w\in\{0,1\}\}$ is irregular? I've tried the pumping lemma but that seems not to work.
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votes
1answer
81 views

Formal Languages and Automata Theory [duplicate]

How can I show that $L = \{a^m b^n \mid (m > n \text{ or } m < n) \text{ and } m, n ≥ 1\}$ is not a regular language.
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1answer
77 views

is it possible to do a DFA for these languages? [duplicate]

I have just started learning Automata Theory, so far I only know about regular languages, FSM (NFAs and DFAs) and regular grammars, but I come across a question like this: "Given the next languages, ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

The alphabet is {a, b}. Show that the set of words with the same number of occurrences of a and b is not regular [duplicate]

This is a question I've been asked to do and I honestly have no idea how to approach this. Help please?:)
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votes
1answer
53 views

Prove EXP to be regular or non-regular [duplicate]

Given L is regular, Prove/Disprove that the following language is regular or not. $EXP = \{w| w^{|w|} ∈L\}$
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1answer
52 views

Pumping lemma of regular language [duplicate]

I was wondering in how to solve this question, I feel a bit confused: for $\Sigma = \{1,\#\}$, consider $$D=\{w \mid w=x_1 \# x_2 \# \cdots \# x_k \text{ for } k \geq 0, \text{ each } x_i \in 1^*, \...
1
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0answers
65 views

Proving a language is regular or non-regular [duplicate]

I'm struggling a bit to understand two of the problems we were given in class. Could someone look over my work and maybe give me a few hints? State whether the following languages are regular or not ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Proving that language is regular or not [duplicate]

How to prove that the language over the alphabet $\{0, 1, +, =\}$ is regular or not: $\{a+b=c:a,b,c \text{ are integers in binary for which } a \text{ plus } b\text{ equals } c\}$ I started with the ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Show that a language is not regular using the Pumping Lemma [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to prove that a language is not regular? Given a language $L = \{a^pb^{2p} \mid p \ge 1\}$, how could I show, using the Pumping Lemma that $L$ is not regular?
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Can't tell whether the following language is regular or not: [duplicate]

I have to decide if the following language is regular or not. I suspect it is not regular, so I try using pumping lemma to prove it, but something goes wrong. Any help on how to use pumping lemma on ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

If there is comparison between two variables then language is not regular. Then how the below two languages L1 and L2 Regular? Please Explain [duplicate]

How these two languages be regular.If there is comparison between m and n since (n < m) is the condition to be satisfied.
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Show that a language is not regular by Pumping Lemma [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to prove that a language is not regular? Show that $L_2=\{a^nb^k|n\not= k-1\}$ is not regular by Pumping Lemma.
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Is there a regular grammar for the language $\{ w : |w|_0 = |w|_1 \}$? [duplicate]

I need to prove whether the language $ L = \{w \in \{0,1\}^* \mid |w|_0 = |w|_1 \}$ can be written as a regular grammar. Obviously it can, but how do I prove it?

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