Linked Questions

4
votes
1answer
10k views

Show that a language consisting of strings of a prime number of 1s is irregular using pumping lemma [duplicate]

Question: L is a language defined as $\ L = \{1^l | l\in primes\}$ (strings of 1s having a prime length). Show that this is not a regular language ($\ L \notin REG$). You may either use the theory ...
1
vote
1answer
21k views

Is this language regular or non-regular: {ww : w ∈ {a,b}* } [duplicate]

This is a question from a text book that's giving me some trouble. The question is: Determine whether or not this language is regular. Justify your answer. $$L = \{ww : w \in \{a,b\}^* \}$$ I ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Prove that the following language is not regular: $\{0^i1^j : i \neq j\}$ [duplicate]

I was trying to approach this proof, after multiple reads and attempts I am getting nowhere. If someone could help me out that would be great. Should I use the pumping lemma, if so how show I start, ...
2
votes
1answer
8k views

Proof that {$a^m b^n$ | m!=n} is not regular [duplicate]

I know that the language $\{a^m b^n | n\neq m\}$ satisfies the pumping lemma, but it's still not regular (I have to count the # of a's and b's). How can I formally prove it?
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Proving that {0^{2^k}} is not regular with the Myhill-Nerode theorem [duplicate]

My language is the repetition of 0 to a length that's a power of 2: $L = \{ 0^k \ni k=2^n, n \geq 1 \}$ I want to know how to prove that this language is not regular. I have attempted the proof ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Union of finite and non-regular language [duplicate]

Question: ($B$ and $C$ are languages) $B$ is finite,$C$ isn't regular: Prove/Disprove: $C\cup B$ isn't regular. Thoughts: My intuition says this is true, but I need an idea to prove it. Since I don'...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Prove that the language L = {a^(m+n) b^m a^n | m, n ≥ 0} ∪ {a^m b^n a^(m+n) | m, n ≥ 0} is not regular [duplicate]

In general, how can we go about proving that union of two languages as non regular. In this case, the individual languages can be proved as non regular using pumping lemma. How can we apply pumping ...
-2
votes
2answers
1k views

Prove or disprove whether L is regular [duplicate]

Let $\Sigma = \{0,1\}$. For every word $w \in \Sigma^*$, let $|w|_0$ and $|w|_1$ denote the count of 0's and 1's, respectively, in $w$. Let $L$ be the language $$L = \{ w \in \Sigma^* \mid |w|_0 \gt |...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Irregularity of language of words whose length is of power of 2 [duplicate]

How to show that the language containing the words whose length is a power of $2$, $L=\{w\mid|w|=2^i\}$, isn't regular using the pumping lemma? The pumping lemma says that Let be M a regular language....
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Proving a language is not regular [duplicate]

I need to prove that the following language is not regular $\{c^mb^na^n \mid n>0,m\geq0\}$ But I am not sure how to do that for this particular one. I vaguely understand pumping lemma, but ...
2
votes
2answers
895 views

L ={ $a^{m^n}$ | $m$>$n$ } is Regular or not by pumping Lemma [duplicate]

L ={ $a^{m^n}$ | $m$>$n$ } I am bit confuse whether to consider this language as L = $(a^{m})^{n}$ OR L = $a^{\left(m^n\right)}$. If it is considered as L = $(a^m)^{n}$ then want to check it ...
-1
votes
1answer
1k views

pumping lemma for $L=\{a^n b^m c^k \mid n = m \vee m\neq k\}$ [duplicate]

Using pumping lemma, how can I prove that $L=\{a^n b^m c^k \mid n = m \vee m\neq k\}$ is not regular?. If I choose $w= a^m b^m c^m$ and pump up with $i=2$, if have $a^m=1 b^m c^m$ but the string is ...
1
vote
1answer
521 views

Prove this language is non-regular [duplicate]

I'm struggling to understand this question using pumping lemma to prove a language is not regular. Any help would be appreciated. Prove using the Pumping Lemma that the following language is not ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Pumping lemma on {a^n | n=3^k} — help finishing the proof [duplicate]

I am working on a pumping lemma question and trying to prove that the following is not regular, but I can't finish the proof, if someone can help me it will be great. So I am given this language: $L ...
-1
votes
2answers
411 views

Finding nfa or dfa for a language [duplicate]

I'm trying to study for the summer ahead of class I saw this question, please how do I go about it? Find NFA/DFA for the language $L = \{0^n1^n : n \in N\}$
0
votes
1answer
855 views

Show this language is non-regular using pumping lemma: B = {ww | w ∈ {a,b,c,...,z)*} [duplicate]

The question I'm working from is: Prove whether or not a finite automation exists that recognises the following language: B = {ww | w ∈ {a,b,c,...,z)*} EDIT So I believe this is a non-regular ...
1
vote
1answer
485 views

Non-regular Languages? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to prove that a language is not regular? Why $L_a$ and $L_b$ are not reguluar? $L_a = \{ e^i f^{n-i} g^j h^{n-j} : n \in N, 1 \leq i, j \leq n \}$. $L_b= \{nm^{i_1} ...
-1
votes
1answer
960 views

Proving that a language given by a CFG is not regular [duplicate]

Consider the language defined by the following grammar: $$ \begin{align*} &S \rightarrow E \\ &S \rightarrow \epsilon \\ &E \rightarrow E+E \\ &E \rightarrow E-E \\ &E \rightarrow \...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Using the pumping lemma for a proof by contradiction [duplicate]

I'm trying to prove that the set of even-length strings with the two middle symbols being equal cannot be accepted by finite automata. I can explain why it cannot be accepted intuitively, but I'm ...
3
votes
1answer
219 views

How to prove for that a given non-regular language its given super-set is also non-regular? [duplicate]

Consider the non-regular language $L_1$ = {$a^n$b$a^n$: $n \geq 0$} and its super-set language L = Language of strings with equal number of trailing and leading a's, or in other words, $$L = \{a^...
1
vote
1answer
758 views

Pumping Lemma vs Myhill-Nerode [duplicate]

I was searching for a difference on both ways of proving that a language is not regular but I didn't came up with much. Let us take the following as an example: $$ L = \{ a^n b^n \mid n \ge 0\} $$ ...
-1
votes
1answer
575 views

Proving a grammar/language as not regular [duplicate]

$D → T ∨ D | T$ $T → C ∧ T | C$ $C → ¬C | name | ( D )$ $name → a | b | c | d$ I am not looking for the complete answer, but more the methodology of working this out. How would I go about proving ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Class of a Language [duplicate]

What are the common ways to check if a given language is regular, context free, or context sensitive? Any surveys or notes would also be helpful. There's no need to describe your suggestions. eg. it ...
1
vote
1answer
460 views

proving {$a^ib^jc^k : j = i \lor j = k$} is not regular [duplicate]

i had troubles proving this is not regular using the pumping lemma {$a^ib^jc^k : j = i \lor j = k$}. Not sure how to approach this anymore, and help would be appreciated
-2
votes
1answer
199 views

Provide "regular" grammar for this language {${a^ib^j \mid i>0\ and \hspace{2.5mm}i\leq j \leq(2*i)}$} [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand the approach to constructing an grammar which accepts the language ${a^ib^j \mid i>0\ and \hspace{2.5mm}i\leq j \leq(2*i)}$ } Thanks.
1
vote
1answer
162 views

Proving a language is not a regular language but a context free language [duplicate]

I have the languages $L_1$ and $L_2$ such that $L_1 = \{a^nba^n :n \in N\}$ and $L_2 =\{a,b\}^*\setminus L_1$. I want to prove that $L_2$ is not a regular language. I know that to prove that $L_2$ is ...
-1
votes
1answer
306 views

Proving a language is non-regular using the Pumping Lemma for non-binary strings [duplicate]

I am unsure of how to prove this language is non-regular. I do not even know where to start to develop a string that would prove the language is non-regular by contradiction. Any help would be ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Showing that $\{ c^n a^m b^{n+m} : n+m \geq 6\}$ is not regular [duplicate]

I'm trying to show that $L_6=\{c^n a^m b^p : n+m=p,p \geq 6\}$ is not regular. I need a little help, I was practicing the pumping lemma, and I encountered this language, I saw these conditions and got ...
0
votes
1answer
191 views

Why are these languages not regular? [duplicate]

Show that the following languages are not regular: $(1)\ L=\left\{a^nb^mc^k\mid n>k \land n,m,k>0\right\}$ $(2)\ L=\left\{a^nb^mc^k\mid m>k \land n,m,k>0\right\}$ I've difficulties ...
1
vote
1answer
243 views

How to show that $L=\{ wa^kw | w \in \{ a,b,c \}^* ,k \geq 0 \}$ is not regular using the pumping lemma for regular languages? [duplicate]

I'm trying to show that the language in the title is not regular but I don't know how to chose a decomposition $x = abc$ to express the word in the language because the $w \in \{a,b,c\}^*$ is kinda ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

How to prove that $L_1=1^*\cup \{0^i 1^{j^2}|i\ge 0,j\ge 0\} $ is irregular? [duplicate]

We know that $L=\{0^i 1^{j^2}|i> 0,j\ge 0\} $ is irregular (by the Pumping Lemma), we have to use it to prove two things: $L_1=1^*\cup \{0^i 1^{j^2}|i\ge 0,j\ge 0\} $ is irregular. $L_1$ is ...
0
votes
2answers
139 views

How to prove that these two languages are regular, or not regular? [duplicate]

I have these two languages $L_1={\{a^n b^m,n≥m+5,m>0}\}$ Where $∑=(a,b)$ $L_2={\{a^n b^m,n≥m+5,m≤5}\}$ Where $∑=(a,b)$ As you can see that there is only one difference, the condition of ...
0
votes
0answers
150 views

Proving that $\{0^nw1^n\mid n\geq 0, w\in\{0,1\}\}$ is irregular [duplicate]

How can I prove that the language $L = \{0^nw1^n\mid n\geq0,w\in\{0,1\}\}$ is irregular? I've tried the pumping lemma but that seems not to work.
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Pumping lemma not regular [duplicate]

How would about proving this is not regular with the pumping lemma. Please include all steps and explain all steps. I am really new with this. $1^{2x}0^y$ and $y>= x$ Does it matter which side ...
1
vote
2answers
80 views

Prove that a language is not regular with process of elimination [duplicate]

When deterministic automaton, I need to prove that you can't implement the language in it, because the language is not regular. Easiest way to prove that a language is regular, is just by making an ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

Pumping Lemma for regular language [duplicate]

I have a question to find out that L = {a^(2k)|k>=1} is regular. I know that it is regular set but I was looking to find out if pumping lemma is satisfying or not. So I tried it as - ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Prove language is not regular? [duplicate]

I know how to use the pumping lemma to do so, but I don't think that can be used for this language: $$L = \{x \in \{0,1\}^* : \text{no prefix of $x$ has more $1$'s than $0$'s}\}. $$ What other ...
-2
votes
1answer
112 views

Is the language given by this CFG regular? [duplicate]

S → AB | C A → aAb | ab B → cBd | cd C → aCd | aDd D → bDc | bc How can I prove that this language is regular or not? I need your help. It also has two ...
-2
votes
1answer
99 views

Formal Languages and Automata Theory [duplicate]

How can I show that $L = \{a^m b^n \mid (m > n \text{ or } m < n) \text{ and } m, n ≥ 1\}$ is not a regular language.
0
votes
1answer
98 views

The alphabet is {a, b}. Show that the set of words with the same number of occurrences of a and b is not regular [duplicate]

This is a question I've been asked to do and I honestly have no idea how to approach this. Help please?:)
1
vote
1answer
64 views

How to prove a language isn't necessarily regular? [duplicate]

Assuming we have a regular language $L$, how can we prove that $L'= \{ xz \mid \exists y : xyz \in L \text{ and } |x|=|y|=|z|\}$ isn't necessarily regular. So far I can't come up with much for how to ...
-1
votes
1answer
79 views

is it possible to do a DFA for these languages? [duplicate]

I have just started learning Automata Theory, so far I only know about regular languages, FSM (NFAs and DFAs) and regular grammars, but I come across a question like this: "Given the next languages, ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Pumping lemma of regular language [duplicate]

I was wondering in how to solve this question, I feel a bit confused: for $\Sigma = \{1,\#\}$, consider $$D=\{w \mid w=x_1 \# x_2 \# \cdots \# x_k \text{ for } k \geq 0, \text{ each } x_i \in 1^*, \...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

Prove EXP to be regular or non-regular [duplicate]

Given L is regular, Prove/Disprove that the following language is regular or not. $EXP = \{w| w^{|w|} ∈L\}$
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Proving that language is regular or not [duplicate]

How to prove that the language over the alphabet $\{0, 1, +, =\}$ is regular or not: $\{a+b=c:a,b,c \text{ are integers in binary for which } a \text{ plus } b\text{ equals } c\}$ I started with the ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Proving a language is regular or non-regular [duplicate]

I'm struggling a bit to understand two of the problems we were given in class. Could someone look over my work and maybe give me a few hints? State whether the following languages are regular or not ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Can't tell whether the following language is regular or not: [duplicate]

I have to decide if the following language is regular or not. I suspect it is not regular, so I try using pumping lemma to prove it, but something goes wrong. Any help on how to use pumping lemma on ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Show that a language is not regular using the Pumping Lemma [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to prove that a language is not regular? Given a language $L = \{a^pb^{2p} \mid p \ge 1\}$, how could I show, using the Pumping Lemma that $L$ is not regular?
-3
votes
1answer
47 views

Prove a language is not regular without pumping lemma [duplicate]

How can you prove that $L=\{a^n b^{2n} \}$ is not regular without the use of pumping lemma?
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Proving of regular language [duplicate]

Is this regular or not L = {w1w^R | w ∈ {0,1}* (where for any word w ∈ {0,1})*, w^R denotes the reverse of w)

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