Questions tagged [3-sat]

3SAT is a famous special case of the boolean satisfiability problem (SAT).

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599 views

Random restarts for unsatisfiable instances

In the worst case, Boolean satisfiability (assuming P!=NP) takes exponential time. Nonetheless, modern SAT solvers using variants of DPLL, are able to solve enough instances to be useful in practice. ...
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Change the structure from 3SAT to 1in3 3SAT

There is a variable set V = {x1,x2,x3} and clause set C1={x1,x2,-x3} C2={x1,-x1,-x2} C3={-x1,-x2,x3} C4={x2,x3,-x3}. For this structure, no matter each variable is positive or negative, the clause can ...
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40 views

How does the number of clause affect the difficulty of a 3-SAT Problem? [closed]

It was asked here and closed although it is a very specific question witch was exactly answered in several papers. The complexity of 3-SAT problems has a phase transition which reaches the critical ...
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1answer
39 views

Descriptive complexity of 3SAT

lately I'm reading about descriptive complexity, which I find is a fascinating branch of computational complexity. I found many formulas in $\exists$$SO$ that describe problems with graphs but none ...
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1answer
64 views

3-CNF to “independent form”

Is it possible to convert all logical formulae into a form such that each variable ends up in exactly 1 "factor" of the and operation? ($\wedge$). Any combination of operations is allowed, though the ...
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What is the generating algorithm for the “komb” instances found on satcompetition.org?

For the 2017 and 2018 Random SAT Tracks of the SAT Competition ran by the International Conference on Theory and Applications of Satisfiability Testing there are small, yet difficult, random 3-SAT ...
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67 views

How many isomorphic 3SAT formulas?

For a 3SAT formula with $n$ variables and $m$ clauses, I am interested in counting the number of isomorphic formulas (isomorphic in the sense that they are logically equivalent and have the same ...
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1answer
47 views

3-SAT with negative-literals in each clause

Does a 3-SAT problem, where in each clause there is at least a negative-literal, always has a solution? After looking at it, seems to me that the answer is yes, but maybe there is something I am not ...
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Is a “stacked”, “local” version of 3-SAT NP-hard?

In this previous question, I learned that if each variable in a string $C \in 3\text{-SAT}$ appears only "locally", then finding a satisfying assignment is no longer NP-hard. My question below builds ...
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403 views

Is a “local” version of 3-SAT NP-hard?

Below is my simplification of part of a larger research project on spatial Bayesian networks: Say a variable is "$k$-local" in a string $C \in 3\text{-CNF}$ if there are fewer than $k$ clauses ...
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63 views

Parametrized reduction from 3-SAT to Independent Set to lower bound running time under ETH assumption

I want to prove that, assuming Exponential Time Hypothesis is true, there is no algorithm that solves Independent Set in $2^{o(|V|+|E|)}$ time. I want to apply the following strong parameterized many-...
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2answers
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Proof that POSITIVE-3-SAT is in the complexity class P

I have the following language: $$\text{POSITIVE-3-SAT} = \{\langle\phi\rangle \mid \phi\text{ is a satisfiable boolean formula in conjunctive normal form,}\\ \text{ in which all clauses consist of ...
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1answer
48 views

Resolution when clauses contain more than 1 complementary literals

Let's assume that we have clauses $(l_1 \lor l_2 \lor l_3), (\neg l_1 \lor \neg l_2 \lor l_4), (l_1 \lor l_2 \lor l_5), (\neg l_1 \lor \neg l_2 \lor l_6)$, where both $l_1$ and $l_2$ are complementary ...
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The NP completeness proof for a variation of the 3CNF-SAT problem

There is a variation of 3CNF-SAT which is called 10-3-CNF-SAT = {<$\Phi$>: $\Phi$ is a satisfiable CNF formula with $\textbf{at most}$ 3 literals per clause and every variable occurs in $\textbf{at ...
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Is every X3SAT instance with no cycles satisfiable?

Exactly 1 in 3 SAT (X3SAT) is a variation of the Boolean Satisfiability problem. Given a set of clauses, where each clause has three literals, is there an assignment such that in each clause exactly ...
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27 views

Reducing SAT to a P problem in polinomial time [duplicate]

Does reducing SAT in polynomial time to a P problem would mean that P = NP?
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Fine-grained complexity of 3-CNF formula evaluation

It's well known that 3-SAT is in NP, which means that one can evaluate a 3-CNF formula in polynomial time. However, I was wondering what the tightest upper bound is for formula verification, expressed ...
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1answer
49 views

Why not do these checks on the number of clauses in 3-SAT?

I've been writing a 3-SAT solver for fun and comparing its performance against the solver pycosat. My solver vastly outperforms pycosat in two special cases, where I solve by doing simple, obvious ...
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1answer
21 views

General structure of solutions to 3-SAT circuits

Certain special forms of the SAT problem have solution sets of a special form. For example, given any three solutions to a 2-SAT circuit, their bitwise median is also a solution. Likewise, given any ...
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1answer
185 views

2SAT Problem using Implication Graph

I was doing a practice question. As you can see below there is an Implication graph. To check whether the problem is satisfiable, I checked whether there were any 'bad loops'. To do so, for each ...
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2answers
487 views

What are known 3SAT to 2SAT reductions?

Is there a way to convert a 3SAT formula into a equisatisfiable 2SAT formula? Each method is of interest, even those that grow exponentially. (So if, for example, my 3SAT formula has 16 variables and ...
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USAT, Arora Barak's book

Here on the page 354 Arora and Barak write below the shaded area "but in fact $f(\phi)$ $\notin SAT$" and not "but in fact $f(\phi) \in SAT$" While in the last line of the shaded area they write $...
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NP-completeness of vertex cover

Show that the following language is NP-complete $$ L = \{ \langle G,k \rangle \mid \text{$G$ is a graph with a set $S$ of $k$ vertices hitting every edge of $G$}\}. $$ I know I should reduce the ...
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1answer
157 views

Assuming that P=NP - Finding an optimal algorithm for 3SAT

Let assume that P=NP so we have both search and decision algorithms for 3SAT at polynomial time. Can you help me to find an optimal algorithm for optimize 3SAT, i.e.: to find the maximum number of ...
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1answer
452 views

3-SAT reduction to jobs scheduling problem (np-completeness)

In this paper with the title of "NP-Complete Scheduling Problem" by J. D. Ullman, I am trying to understand the reduction from 3-SAT problem to a scheduling problem in order to prove the later is also ...
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48 views

3-SAT reduction to image matching problem

I have a research paper, Elastic image matching is NP-complete by Daniel Keysers and Walter Unger, that illustrates the reduction from 3-SAT to an image matching problem in order to prove that this ...
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Finding same-cost assignments for 3-SAT formulas

Suppose I have a 3-SAT formula in CNF with $ m $ clauses on $ n $ variables, $$ F = C_1 \wedge \dotsb \wedge C_m, $$ with each clause $ C_i = l_{i_1} \vee l_{i_2} \vee l_{i_3} $ and each literal $ l_k ...
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1answer
299 views

Is integer factorization reducible to subset sum?

Is it possible to solve the FACT (integer factorization) problem in polynomial time if we know the polynomial Subset Sum algorithm? We assume that we know the algorithm solving the problem of Subset ...
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3answers
316 views

How many 3-SAT expressions with up to N variables are satisfiable?

TL;DR There are exactly 255 possible 3-sat expressions with exactly 3 variables (more meticulously defined below). Of those, exactly 254 are satisfiable. There are exactly 4,294,967,295 possible 3-...
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1answer
354 views

Can I assume every clause of 3SAT has one positive literal?

Can we assume that each clause in 3SAT contains at least one positive literal? That is, there is no clause with all negative literals (but it is fine that there is a clause with all positive literals)....
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1answer
504 views

Show that maximum disjoint set problem is NP Complete

I have been thinking on this problem but couldn't come up with a good reduction yet. First part of the proof, i.e L is being in NP, is okay. However, I cannot find a proper reduction from 3-CNF-SAT to ...
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1answer
46 views

Could a modification of Krom's proof system be used to solve 3-SAT in polynomial time?

A literal is a nonzero integer, and we define $\sim x = -x$. A clause is a nonempty set of literals. A CNF is a set of clauses. A K-rule is a pair $(F,C)$ where $F$ is a CNF and $C$ is a clause. A ...
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3answers
550 views

How does the number of clauses affect the difficulty of a 3-SAT problem? [closed]

What is the relationship between the number of clauses and the difficulty of a 3-SAT problem?
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3answers
103 views

NP-hardness of an extention of 2 sat

a 2 sat instance which is unsatisfiable and an integer k are given, decision problem is that: is it possible to delete k variables, also remove clauses contain them, in order to satisfy the 2-sat ...
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Is such variant of SAT always satisfiable?

Let we have a SAT instance where every clause has length $\ge3$ (when length $2$ is allowed, it can be unsatisfiable) and each pair of literals appear only once. Non-example: $(x\lor y\lor z)\land(x\...
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1answer
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Randomized algorithm for 3SAT

There is a very simple randomized algorithm that, given a 3SAT, produces an assignment satisfying at least 7/8 of the clauses (in expectation): choose a random assignment. A random assignment ...
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1answer
1k views

3-SAT with 3 variable occurences

3-SAT with at most 3 occurences per variable is $\mathsf{NP}$-hard. Now I'll try to solve it using these: Theorem: SAT where all clauses have length 3 and variables occur 3 times, is satisfiable. ...
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1answer
124 views

Is generating MIN-3-UNSAT $\mathsf{NP}$-hard?

Input: amount of variables (with minimum of $10$ since otherwise problem is unsolvable). Output: unsatisfiable formula. Restrictions: Every clause contains exactly 3 variables. Every clause differs ...
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1answer
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Why does the reduction from 3SAT to IS work?

I was reading about the reduction from 3SAT (input: formula) to Independent set (input (graph, k)) in order to prove that the latter is in NP-Complete. The reduction i've seen follow the next steps: ...
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1answer
170 views

monotone min 3-sat polynomial algorithm?

I know that 3SAT is npc but i wonder why my little algorithm won't solve this problem: given positive 3SAT - meaning: each of the m clauses is a disjunction of 3 literals over the variables x1,…,xnx1,...
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2answers
219 views

monotone min-3-sat polynomial algorithm?

I know that 3SAT is npc but i wonder why my little algorithm won't solve this problem: given positive 3SAT - meaning: each of the m clauses is a disjunction of 3 literals over the variables $x_1,\...
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4answers
794 views

Is this possible to solve 3SAT in O(n^24) time and O(1) space?

Assume that n is the number variables of the given 3CNF formula (n≥3) and all clauses in the given 3CNF formula are different. That means that for each clause, each literal can be either positive ...
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2answers
608 views

Prove “almost clique” is NP complete

Given $G=(V,E)$, undirected graph, a group of vertices $S$ is called almost clique if by adding a single edge, $S$ becomes a clique. Consider the language: $L=\{\langle G,t\rangle \mid \text{the ...
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1answer
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Is following SAT case in $\mathsf{P}$?

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1answer
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What is the whole picture of the NP-hardness proof of Super Mario Bros?

I am reading the NP-hardness proof of Super Mario Bros. in the paper "Classic Nintendo Games are (Computationally) Hard" by Greg Aloupis, Erik D. Demaine, Alan Guo, and Giovanni Viglietta. I can get ...
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64 views

Polynomials vs CNF forms and P=BPP

Given a $3\mathsf{SAT}$ form to decide satisfiability takes exponential time. Any boolean function has an unique polynomial representation. So decide $3\mathsf{SAT}$ satisfiability reduces to whether ...
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2answers
4k views

Reduction 3SAT and CLIQUE

Hello everyone this is my first question ever and I apologize if I ask in the wrong manner causing this post to be either closed or deleted. I'm learning Reductions and my professor has asked us to ...
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0answers
225 views

Decision problem 3SAT and Bip[3-1]

Consider the decision problem Bip[3–1], define as follows: Instance: $G = (S,T;E)$, bipartite graph, with $d_G(s) = 3$ for all $s \in S$. Question: Does there exist $S' ⊆ S$ such that in $H = [S'∪T]...
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Proving NP-Complete Help [duplicate]

I am trying to prove that the problem of having a person at the minimum x number of intersections to be able to see each street is NP-Complete. I think that the street problem is very similar to the ...
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1answer
232 views

Expressing 3-SAT in first-order logic

i read that First-Order Logic is strong enough to formalise all of Set Theory and thereby virtually all of Mathematics. How would you express in First-Order Logic the theorem: 3SAT is NP-complete?