Questions tagged [base-conversion]

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16 views

What does it mean when asking to Convert 16-bit binary numbers to two 8-bit signed integers (two’s complement) in decimal

The question is Convert the following 16-bit binary numbers to two 8-bit signed integers (two’s complement) in decimal. i. 0b 0011 0110 1101 0100 I first flipped it and added 1 to it which equaled ...
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0answers
26 views

How to convert a string (number representation) to an arbitrary base using custom alphabet?

I'm trying to figure out an efficient way (without recursion) to convert a string (number representation) from one arbitrary base to another using custom alphabet. But I cannot think of a very fast ...
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1answer
274 views

Arithmetic on signed 12-bit octal number stored in sign magnitude form

What is 4365 − 3412 when these values represent signed 12-bit octal numbers stored in sign-magnitude format? The result should be written in octal. Show your work. Octal to binary: 4365: 100 011 110 ...
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1answer
35 views

Why is the carry of any n base system equal to the radix in arithmetic?

In binary the carry/borrow is 2, in hex the carry is 16. What's the reason for this?
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1answer
18 views

Conversion of fractional part of a hexadecimal number to binary

The Number is given as : (C012.25)Hexadecimal I have to convert it into octal . So I converted it into Binary First and got the result as : 1100000000010010.01000000 (Since each bit in hexadecimal ...
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2answers
192 views

Streaming digit-to-digit conversion from decimal to hexadecimal

I am looking for a streaming algorithm for converting a decimal number to a hexadecimal number. I am assuming the input is a string represention of a decimal number (i.e., each character is a decimal ...
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0answers
65 views

Converting from m base to n base without arithmetic operations (Where m<n )

I have been working the last 8 years in try to convert from base n to base m without artihmetical operations. My hypothesis is that by the same way that is possible convert bases without division (...
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1answer
37 views

Conversion from octal numerical system to binary numerical system

I know that in order to convert a numeral in base-8 to a numeral in base-2 I can write each octal digit as a binary word of 3 bits. I know that 2^3 = 8 that is exactly the dimension of the base of ...
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0answers
59 views

An interesting compression algorithm idea

I stumbled on this paper about compressing images using a kind of odd, but interesting idea. It seems pretty easy to implement and I was wondering if there is something wrong with it that I haven't ...
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3answers
2k views

Algorithm to convert a fixed-length string to the smallest possible collision-free representation?

I have a US-based telephone number (in the format 000-000-0000) and need to convert it to a "shorter" representation. Using base32/64 produces too long of a string. I've discovered CRC-16, which ...
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1answer
700 views

Find n-th number in a number system with only 3 and 4

Given a number system with only 3 and 4. Find the nth number in the number system. There is a solution given here but its very vague without explaining the mathematics/ concept behind it. Can someone ...
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2answers
328 views

Time complexity of expanding decimal to new base

There is already a post on this topic on stackoverflow. Nevertheless, I am asking the question here again, primarily because I do not understand the answer given there, and also because I have some ...
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2answers
776 views

4-digit 5's complement of a negative number

Let $n = -13, \ k = -24$ How do I find the 4-digit 5's complement of each number? What would be the result of $n + k$ in complement representation? I understand how to calculate $n$-digit, 2's ...
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1answer
85 views

How to convert between bases partially?

I have some large number $n$ in base $b_1$ and I want to convert it to base $b_2$. $n$ is about a million decimal digits long, therefore it's impractical to convert it as a whole. However I don't need ...
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1answer
205 views

Is there an online algorithm for radix conversion?

Suppose I have $P$, which is the base-$p$ representation of an integer $n$ and I want to calculate it base-$q$ representation $Q$. The obvious algorithm is: interpret $P$ to obtain $n$, then ...
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1answer
61 views

Shortest decimal expansion within binary interval

Consider an interval $[x-2^n,x+2^n]$ defined by a binary float $x$ and a power of two $2^n$ typically much smaller than $x$. I would like to know whether an efficient algorithm exists to determine the ...
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2answers
649 views

Convert a decimal floating-point number into a binary floating-point number

Let's say I have a decimal floating-point number, i.e. a mantissa and precision (negative exponent), both represented as integers. How do I convert this into a binary floating point number (of the ...
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0answers
122 views

As a number (base 10) approaches infinity, what would be longer? Represented in BCD or Base-2?

My professor asked this question in his lecture class and I can't figure out the answer. My guess is BCD because you can't use up all the numbers (10 to 15), so you eat up space?
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0answers
324 views

How can I convert a binary number to a base-4 number with a Turing Machine?

I'm looking for some guidance to get me going. I assume (and please correct me if I'm wrong) that it'll need 2 tapes and by reading various resources, I found that it might be easier with the binary ...
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1answer
3k views

Writing a Turing Machine that convers a number from binary to decimal

I'm trying to write a Turing machine that can convert a number in binary representation to a number in decimal representation. For example if the input on the tape is 1101 the output should be be 13. ...
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1answer
63 views

Optimal way for the remainder [closed]

I want to know if for any base the most significant digit is 1 or not. Here is the code: ...
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1answer
365 views

Newbie: hexadecimal editors to make sense of binary files [closed]

As a disclaimer, I am a geophysicist, not a computer scientist. I have a binary file with a whole bunch of data in it (it is a large file; 221 MB). I am trying to convert this to something usable but ...
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1answer
166 views

Convert non-integer decimal to octal

I follow a course in Computer Architecture and I'm making exercises on number conversions. Now one of the questions asks me to convert 251.5625 to octal and hexdecimal base. No further info is given. ...
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2answers
17k views

Algorithm to convert decimal number to binary

I am reading this material to understand the basics of number system. I am stuck at a point in that material where it writes the algorithm to convert a decimal number to binary number. The heading of ...
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1answer
97 views

Hex to decimal conversion [closed]

I'm converting hex ( in positional fractions) to decimal question : 0x3c.e8 my attempt: $3*16^1 + 12*16^0$ yields $60$ $ 3c$ = $ 60 $ in decimal so i know its 60. then $.e8 *10 $ (since I want ...
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1answer
861 views

Efficient algorithm for conversion of hexadecimal fraction to decimal fraction

Let's say I have some very long hex fraction like this: 0.3F30A21306AEFCBADE3230A593EFAEB395A39E What are some algorithms with an acceptable complexity to ...
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1answer
296 views

How to find a basis which is guaranteed to need 9 or less characters to represent a 12 digits number?

I'm trying to map a 12 digit number into a fixed width file. For a number of reasons, it must be compressed in such a way that it is guaranteed to be less than or equal to 9 characters (alpha numeric ...
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1answer
174 views

$25_r = 23_{10}$ solve for the base r

first of all this is a homework question and I don't want the solution. I just want a reference to how to solve similar questions like this. I believe it's explained my course textbook, "Computer ...
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1answer
387 views

conversion to base-R numbers

I am reading Algorithms 4th edition by Robert Sedgewick and am stumped at a particular problem. On page 460 of the book the author is describing a technique to hash strings and use prime numbers for ...
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2answers
937 views

Finding the values of x and y using base 8 [closed]

In finding the values of x and y, if (x567) + (2yx5) = (71yx) ( all in base 8) I proceeded as under. I assumed x=abc and ...
6
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1answer
129 views

Base conversion puzzle

Here's an old puzzle: Let $s$ be a string of decimal digits ($s[i] \in \{0,\dotsc, 9\}$). Define a function $f(s)$ as follows: Interpret $s$ as a decimal number, $n_{10}$, and convert $n$ to its ...