Questions tagged [bipartite-matching]

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3
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1answer
184 views

3✕n chessboard with holes - maximum number of knights not attacking each other

I'm trying to to create an algorithm (working in polynomial time) to solve the following problem: What maximum number of knights that any two of them don't attack each other can be placed on a 3✕n ...
0
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0answers
775 views

Network Flow - Bipartite Matching: Doctors Without Weekends Problem

Problem You've periodically helped the medical consulting firm Doctors Without Weekends on various hospital scheduling issues, and they've just come to you with a new problem. For each of the next n ...
0
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1answer
786 views

maximum matching in a bipartite graph for solving a chess rook maximization problem

There's an n x n chessboard where some cells are instead holes. I want to have as many rooks as possible in a way that the rooks won't be able to capture each other....
7
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1answer
236 views

Given 2 sets of n points: minimize sum of traveled distances

I am given two sets $S, T$ each of $n$ points in $\mathbb{R}^k$, I want to find a bijection $a : S \rightarrow T$, such that $$\sum_{s \in S} d(s, a(s))$$ gets minimized, with $d$ being the Euclidean ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Reducing max flow to bipartite matching?

There's a famous and elegant reduction from the maximum bipartite matching problem to the max-flow problem: we create a network with a source node $s$, a terminal node $t$, and one node for each item ...
0
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1answer
352 views

Find perfect matching faster than MCM, in graph that has perfect matching?

Given an unweighted bipartite graph which has a perfect matching, is there an algorithm for finding a perfect matching in the graph that is faster than the best known algorithm for finding a maximum ...
4
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2answers
248 views

Auction where each bidder bids on a bundle of items

Is there some optimal solution in an auction where each bidder bids on a bundle of items?
5
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1answer
687 views

Hungarian Algorithm - Arbitrary Assignments

I've looked at several explanations of the Hungarian Algorithm for solving the Assignment Problem and the vast majority of these cover only very simplistic cases. The most understandable explanation ...
2
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1answer
583 views

Polynomial time solution for bipartite matching

Inspired by this StackOverflow question, I am wondering if there is an efficient algorithm for the following problem: Assume $n$ items and $n$ boxes, with all boxes numbered numerically and all ...
5
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0answers
565 views

Faster maximum weight matching algorithm in bipartite graph

I need to do a maximum weight matching in bipartite graphs rather than maximum weight perfect matching (which means that there is no need to match all the nodes). The nodes each side are both (at ...
1
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1answer
137 views

Problems that are easy on bipartite but hard on general graphs

Are there any problems that are easy for bipartite graphs, but hard for general graphs? I am asking because some classical problems are formulated in reference to people looking for a spouse, such as ...
1
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1answer
301 views

Why is bipartite graph matching hard?

I am reading on how solving maximum flow (Ford-Fulkerson) can be also used to solve unweighted bipartite graph matching problem. I think I don't understand the essence of this problem, because to me ...
0
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2answers
212 views

Minimizing the overall cost over groups

I am trying to solve the problem of minimizing the overall cost over several groups. The schema of the data goes something like this: ...
0
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1answer
792 views

Multiple matching in Maximum Flow problem?

I'm sorry if this has already been asked before, but I couldn't find any similar questions. The situation is as such: Assume there are x restaurants, each with a capacity q, and y people, each of ...
3
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0answers
157 views

Online bipartite edge-cover problem with requirements

I have $N$ nodes $v_1,\ldots,v_N$ in one partition $X$ and $M \leq N$ nodes $u_1,\ldots,u_M$ in a different partition $Y$. I want to connect nodes in $X$ to nodes in $Y$ with edges under the following ...
1
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1answer
404 views

A condition ensuring that a bipartite graph have a perfect matching

There is a bipartite graph $G=(A,B,E)$ such that for every edge $(a,b)$ (where $a$ comes from $A$ and $b$ from $B$), $\deg(a) \geq \deg(b)$, and additionally $\deg(a) \geq 1$ for all $a \in A$. From ...
2
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0answers
66 views

Complexity class of a counting problem

Consider the following inequalities: $\sum_j a_{ij}x_{ij}=1 \;\;\; i=1,...,n$ $\sum_i a_{ij}x_{ij} \le y_i \;\;\; j=1,...,n$ $x_{ij} \ge 0 \;\;\; i,j=1,...,n$ $y_i \in \{0,1,2\} \,\,\,\, i=1,...,...
1
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1answer
318 views

Match students and teachers based on ranking

I have a similar question to that of Stable Marriage Problem. This is the criteria1) 1 Student must have 1 Teacher only.2) 1 Teacher ideally should have 3-4 Students. The spreadsheet is done using ...
2
votes
2answers
283 views

Is there a name/algorithm for this problem related to set cover and CSP?

Our college would like to determine if a transcript contains classes that satisfy every general education requirement. What makes this nontrivial is that while a single class may in theory satisfy ...
4
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1answer
357 views

Maximum bipartite matching with extra reward for covering certain sets

Consider the following variation of Bipartite Maximum Matching. As usual, we have a bipartite graph $G$. In addition, there is an additional collection of sets $S_1,S_2,\dots,S_k$, with each set $...
3
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1answer
184 views

Why is bipartite perfect matching a special case of clique problem?

In Lovász writes [1] : bipartite graph has a perfect matching, which is a special case of the clique problem Why is bipartite perfect matching a special case of clique problem? The Work of A.A. ...
4
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1answer
25k views

Perfect matching in a graph and complete matching in bipartite graph

When I google for complete matching, first link points to perfect matching on wolfram. It defines perfect matching as follows: A perfect matching of a graph is a matching (i.e., an independent ...
2
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0answers
586 views

How can we add back edges in Ford - Fulkerson algorithm?

I was going through the Ford-Fulkerson(FF) algorithm. The given graph is directed and there is an edge from A to B with capacity y. Now sending a flow of x units (x < y) from A to B is equivalent ...
2
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0answers
222 views

Min-weight bipartite matching in Christofides' algorithm

Content: The Christofides algorithm finds a minimum spanning tree, then finds all the odd degree vertices, and adds extra edges using a minimum weight bipartite matching on those odd vertices to make ...
4
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2answers
3k views

Finding a minimum weight perfect matching in Christofides TSP algorithm

Context: After creating the minimum spanning tree, the next step in Christofides' TSP algorithm is to find all the N vertices with odd degree and find a minimum weight perfect matching for these odd ...
4
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2answers
738 views

Maximum bipartite matching when some nodes must be matched

Consider the problem of finding a maximum cardinality bipartite matching under the additional condition that some set $S$ of nodes (all lying on the same side of the bipartition) must be matched. ...
11
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1answer
331 views

How fast can we compute the size of maximum matching in an unweighted bipartite graph?

Is there a way to compute the size of a maximum matching in an unweighted bipartite graph more efficiently (e.g. faster) than computing a maximum matching? It is a long shot but it is often an ...
2
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1answer
70 views

Computing optimal assignments using little memory

I have two lists where each item in the first list has a rating for each item in the second. I need to determine an optimal matching (or the best x scenarios) where items are matched, but each item ...
1
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1answer
296 views

Why is one traversal sufficient for the Kuhn's maximal matching problem algorithm?

In Kuhn's algorithm for the maximum bipartite matching problem we iterate through the vertices of one partite set and try to build the increasing chain, starting with the current vertex. Once the ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

About having analytic control over any algorithm which finds perfect matchings.

A trivial algorithm to decompose a degree-d (n,n)-bipartite graph into d disjoint perfect matchings is this : direct all the edges from left to right and put capacity one on each of them - then add a ...
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0answers
79 views

Stable matching of producers, consumers and objects

Has the following version of the stable matching problem been studied? There are $k$ types of objects. There are $n$ producers, each of whom can produce a single object of any type, and has a ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Find perfect matching whose weight is minimal, in polynomial time

Given a bipartite graph $G=(A,B,E)$ and a weight function $w: E \rightarrow\mathbb{R}^+$, I'd like to find a perfect matching $M\subseteq E$ with min. weight. I'm assuming $|A| \leq |B|$, and WLOG $G$ ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

Term for a matching which is perfect on one side only

What is a standard term for a matching in a bipartite graph, in which one part has less vertices than the other part, and the part with less vertices is fully matched (but the other part is, obviously,...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

Finding $k$ claws ($K_{1,3}$ bipartite graphs) in a graph?

Usually questions deal with claw-free graphs, but suppose we are given a graph $G$ and there are $k$ vertex-disjoing claws in the graph, how can we derive a randomised algorithm using color coding to ...
5
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3answers
930 views

Vertex cover in bipartite graph from Hopcroft-Karp Algorithm

Vertex cover in bipartite graph is polynomial algorithm: by König's theorem the number of edges in a maximum matching is the number of vertices in a minimum vertex cover. I've implementated the ...
2
votes
2answers
308 views

Union grouping in bipartite graphs?

I'm trying to figure out a good (and fast) solution to the following problem: I have two roles I'm working with, let's call them players and teams having many-to-many relationship (a player can be on ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Stable marriage problem with only one side having preferences [duplicate]

I was wondering about a variation on the Stable Marriage Problem. Initially, we have two sets of entities, usually males and females, and they have preference lists ranking the other group, and ...
5
votes
2answers
475 views

Finding a subset in bipartite graph violating Hall's condition

We are given a bipartite graph of $n \leq 200$ vertices in both the first and the second partite set. Let $U$ be some set of vertices in the first set, and $V$ those vertices from the second that are ...
1
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0answers
348 views

Finding the number of distinct maximal matching in a bipartite graph [closed]

In a bipartite graph, how can we find the total number of ways of getting a maximal matching? The cardinality of both the sets in the bipartite graph may not be the same. So two matchings are said to ...
6
votes
1answer
600 views

Complexity of Hopcroft-Karp

I have a rather basic question about the number of operations taken by the Hopcroft-Karp algorithm for finding a maximum matching in a bipartite graph. It is commonly reported as $O(m \sqrt{n})$ where ...
5
votes
1answer
379 views

Decomposing a bipartite graph of maximal degree d to d matchings

I have tried for the last few days to prove that any bipartite graph of maximal degree d may be broken into (at most) d matchings. My main approach is to prove this inductively over the maximal ...
0
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3answers
199 views

Bipartite Matching in the Plane

I'm currently working on a problem that I came across: You are given a set $B$ of $n$ points in the plane, and a set $R$ of $n$ points in the plane. Each point is given by its coordinates. I have ...
1
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2answers
5k views

Concrete and simple applications for bipartite graphs [closed]

I am looking for concrete and simple problems that may be solved using bipartite graphs or bipartite graph properties. Any idea along with explanations are welcome.
2
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1answer
646 views

Determining the minimum vertex cover in a bipartite graph from a maximum flow/matching using the residual network rather than alternating paths

Wikipedia shows how one can determine the minimum vertex cover in a bipartite graph ($G(X \cup Y, E)$) in polytime from a maximum flow using alternating paths. However, I read that the (S,T) cut (...
1
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1answer
46 views

The min cut capacity in a network based on a bipartite graph (Hall's Theorem)

Thanks to Yuval Filmus, I got to read these lecture notes by Trevisan. At the bottom half of Page 5, The capacity of cut $S$ is the number of edges that go from $S$ to $\overline{S}$, that is $\...
2
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1answer
75 views

How to optimally seperate a student body?

Students will identify certain students they want to work with. I have therefore decided to split them into two groups where I want to minimize the number of people in Group 1 who want to work with ...
1
vote
1answer
887 views

maximum bipartite matching

I am working out with the rooks problem. If there are m rooks on an nxn chessboard,i have to give describe a polynomial (in m and n) time algorithm that finds a maximum-sized subset of the rooks such ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Maximum number of matched vertexes in a one-to-many bipartite graph

I have a variant of bidding problem at hand. There are N bidders(~20) who bid for items from a pool of many items(~10K). Each bidder can bid many items. I want to maximize the number of bidders who ...
1
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0answers
48 views

How to maximize the number of buyers in a shop?

There is a shop which consists of N items and there are M buyers. Each buyer wants to buy a specific set of items. However, the cost of all transactions is same irrespective of the number of items ...
1
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1answer
329 views

Local search: Problem with neighborhood definition

I have question on understanding the following neighborhood relation within a local-search approximation scheme. Let $M$ be a legal matching on any bipartite graph. Let $U_k$ be the neighborhood ...