# Questions tagged [boolean-algebra]

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### Simple example of exponential gap between monotone and non-monotone circuits

Is there a simple example of a monotone Boolean function $f:\{0,1\}^m \to \{0,1\}$ that we know can be computed by a polynomial-size circuit, but cannot be computed by any polynomial-size monotone ...
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### Prove that it is impossible to construct the toffoli gate using only CNOT gates

Show that it is not possible to construct the toffoli gate using only CNOT gates, given we are allowed to choose any number of ancilla bits. My Attempt The action of a toffoli gate can be defined as, ...
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### Number of n-variable symmetric boolean functions that are linear

How many symmetric boolean functions exist that are linear? Let $f$ be a $n$-variable boolean function. $f$ is said to be symmetric if it is unchanged by any permutation of its variables, i.e. for 2-...
1 vote
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### Boolean Integer Linear Optimization/Programming

Trying to solve an ILP optimization problem with a number of potential boolean variables and then express constraints on these variables based on those boolean results. Let's say I am doing 5 coin ...
1 vote
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### Is there a linear programming method that is polynomial in the number of variables, constraints and bitlength of numbers?

AFAIK, Interior Point method for solving a system of linear inequations is polynomial in the number of variables and constraints. Probably there are others. I don't need to optimize any function (...
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### Do Karnaugh maps yield the simplest solution possible?

I'm learning to use a Karnaugh map, but I'm not sure if I obtained the simplest expression possible. Have a look at this example: Truth table (inputs are A B C; output is F): ...
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### Can minimal CNF contain clause longer than initial CNF?

Let $\Phi$ be a k-CNF and $\Phi_{min}$ be a minimal CNF (one that contains smallest amount of literal occurences) that is equal to $\Phi$. Can $\Phi_{min}$ contain a clause of size $m > k$? What I ...
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### Prove or disprove that the Quine-McCluskey method generates the circuit with the minimum inputs and minimum gates?

Recently, when I self-learnt Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications 8th by Kenneth Rosen, it says in 12.4 Minimization of Circuits which uses the Karnaugh Map or the Quine-McCluskey method: ...
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### Is there an algorithm to implement N-input-gates using smaller gates?

To borrow part of a description from a similar but distinct question: there exist 2^(2^N) different functions which accept N binary inputs and return a 1 bit output. For the purposes of my question I ...
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### what is the smallest 3-CNF possible that enforces the boolean expression: a = b + c?

What is the smallest 3-CNF system of equations possible that enforces the boolean expression: a = b + c for boolean variables a, b, c? 'Smallest' can be defined as: (1) Number of 3 CNF clauses. (2) ...
1 vote
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### CNF Horn-renamability to 3-CNF Horn-renamability reduction?

A CNF formula is Horn-renamable if you can invert variables in such a way that each clause has at most one positive literal. There is an algorithm based on a reduction to 2-SAT given in Renaming a Set ...
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### Expressing Boolean Functions In Terms of Another Function

Given two boolean functions f1 and f2, are there any tools available that could be used to automate the process to represent f1 in terms of f2? I understand the process of this doing this by hand ...
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### Representing binary functions with a finite gate set without exponential blow-up?

It is pretty well taught that any binary function can be represented using CNF. But conversion to CNF can take an exponential number of gates. The truth table is exponentially sized relative to the ...
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### Polynomial representations of Boolean functions

The AND boolean function $AND(x)$ can be represented using the polynomial $P(x) = x_1x_2\cdots x_n$. I have a few questions: Is there a similar polynomial for the PARITY boolean function? Is there a ...
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### Why do Karnaugh maps work?

The question is quite straightforward: Why do Karnaugh maps work? What was the reasoning that led Maurice Karnaugh to come up with these maps? At first glance, it doesn't seem a natural approach, ...
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### influence of neighourhood points

Im trying to understand the following question. Suppose $h,f:\{-1,1\}^n\rightarrow \{-1,1\}$ satisfy $\sum_x h(x)f(x)\leq 0.5$, then one can rewrite this as $\textsf{Pr}_x [h(x)=f(x)]\leq 3/4$. Can we ...
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### is duality principle in boolean algebra is true for every expression

Let say A = 1 and B = 1 and then A+B = 1 now by using duality(replacing or gate by and gate and 1 by 0) we can say that, A.B = 0 but this is not 0, because 1.1 = 1, so please anyone clear my ...
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### 7 segment decoder Combinational Logic Circuits using Logic Gates

How can a 7 segment decoder operation be implemented using boolean NOR gate ONLY? Question: Here's my truth table and k-map: Normal circuit diagram:
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### Two's complement using logic gates

How can a 4-bit two's complement operation be implemented using boolean NOR gate? I search lots of 4-bit two's complement videos and articals, but most of them are using XOR gate.
1 vote
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### For a logic gate to be universal, must it necessarily be able to perform duplication?

It is said that a gate that can simulate AND and NOT is universal and able to recreate any classical circuit. I was looking at some of the circuits simulated by NAND, and for some of them, we need to ...
1 vote
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### Method for simplifying complex logic tables

Not sure if this is the right StackExchange site, but back in college (20 years ago) I took a Digital Systems Design class where we learned how to reverse engineer a boolean function to meet the ...
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### Boolean Logic when one component switches from 0 to 1

I recently was constructing boolean logic for all sorts of examples from Morris Mano's "Digital Logic and Circuit Design". I noticed that it is possible to construct a boolean logic wrt the ...
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### Is there a notation for boolean algebra complexity?

To represent complexity of an algorithm, Computer Scientist is used to using big-O notation. How about complexity of boolean algebra? Boolean algebra is commonly used in digital circuit design with ...
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### Why can't 3-SAT be solved efficiently if you convert all clauses (x ∨ y ∨ z) into (u ∨ z) by introducing a variable?

Let $a_i$, $b_i$, etc., be a literal, i.e., a variable or the negation of a variable. 3-SAT concerns formulas in CNF form: $(a_1 \vee a_2 \vee a_3) \wedge \dots \wedge (b_1 \vee b_2 \vee b_3)$ (3-CNF)....
1 vote
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### Sorting by boolean algebra (hardware) instead of algorithm (software)

Consider there's an 5 elements list that foreach element are 2-bits. Forexample [01,00,10,00,11], if the list is sorted, we hope the output like this [00,00,01,10,11] Maybe that case seems complicated,...
1 vote
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### Combinational logic check if bits is prime

I wonder if there's Digital Logic Circuit (using combinatorial logic gates) that check if number is prime or not. For example given input fixed 8-bit that will produce 1-bit output. 00000101 will ...
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### Time complexity of negating a CNF formula

Suppose i have a CNF formula. If i negate the CNF formula, then i obtain DNF formula. However, i can't find anywhere on internet that mention the time complexity. What is the time complexity of ...
1 vote
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### How many different boolean functions exist up to permutation of its $n$ variables

i am relatively new here, so if this was asked before, feel free to redirect me. I am searching for an answer in form of a (iterative or recursive) Formula or even better, an algorithm to list them ...
1 vote
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### Why do we use {+1, -1} in place of {0, 1} for the Fourier analysis of boolean functions?

I want to know what will change if we keep on using {0,1} for our Fourier analysis of boolean functions? What are the things, which can not be performed with {0,1} and can be done with {+1, -1}?
1 vote
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### Fourier Dimension of Boolean functions

I was recently reading about Fourier dimension of Boolean functions. What I understand is that if we take the Fourier expansion of $f: \{\pm1\}^n \to \{\pm1\}$ and consider the monomials with non zero ...
1 vote
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### Clarification regarding linear boolean functions!

I am a little confused when it comes to linear boolean functions. According to this post: What is a simple way of explaining what a linear boolean function means in boolean algebra and relating it to ...
1 vote
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### Influence of a variable in composition of Boolean functions

Suppose $f$ and $g$ are Boolean functions without a constant term, and where every variable has the same influence. How to show every variable will have the same influence in $f \circ g$? To me it ...
1 vote