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### Proof Review: Integer Factorization is in NP

I want to prove that integer factorization is in NP I have a general idea of how to prove this, and was wondering if I could get a sanity check: I'll show it's in NP by using a non-deterministic TM ...
908 views

### Proving the loop invariant for a simple program in Hoare logic

I was studying loop invariant and came across Tomas Petricek's example. Here's the equivalent(I believe) program after I revised it a bit for proof in Hoare logic: ...
3k views

### $ADD = {x=y+z}$ with $x, y, z$ binary integers, and $x$ is the sum of $y$ and $z$. Pumping lemma to show that $ADD$ is not regular

Consider the alphabet $\Sigma = \{0, 1, +, =\}$ and the language $ADD = \{x=y+z|x,y$ are binary integers $x$ is the sum of $y$ and $z$ $\}$. This is the (informal) solution I came up with (not sure ...
44 views

### Verification of extendible hashing proof

I have to proof this theorem: "An extendible hashing table always contains at least one bucket where only one pointer points to after an element is added". I made this proof, but I'm not completely ...
3k views

### Every AVL tree may be red black tree

I proved by induction that every AVL tree may be colored such that it will be red black tree. The problem is that I can't see an error in my proof. Look at my proof. Induction for height. Let's ...
1k views

### Sorting an “almost sorted” array in sub linear time

I am given an "almost sorted" array with the condition that each element is no more than $k$ places away from its position in the sorted array. I need to show that it is impossible to sort this array ...
916 views

### Prim's algorithm: difference between brute force and PQ approaches

I'm trying to figure out the different way we obtain an MST with a brute force Prim's algorithm compared to the optimized version based on priority queues. Given a graph $G=(V,E)$, the former can be ...
1k views

### Optimal prefix code: full binary tree existence

I'm ok following the passages generally used to prove this theorem, like in this question concerning the same subject. Anyway i've the unpleasant feeling that the proof lacks something to be ...
208 views

### Simpler proof of Rabin's Compression Theorem?

I was doing a presentation on Rabin's Compression Theorem, when someone in the audience brought up a point I have no answer to. Rabin's Compression Theorem states that every reasonable complexity ...
149 views

### Designing a 2 place function that is not Turing computable

I'm just refreshing my memory on Turing machines and computability, and I was wondering how to design a function of 2 arguments that is guaranteed not to be computable. I've seen the proof (by ...
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181 views

### Show $B= \{z \mid (\exists x)\; P(x,z)\}$ is a recursive enumerable set

Let $B = \{z \mid (\exists x)\; P(x,z)\}$ and $P$ be a computable predicate. Show $B$ is a recursive enumerable set. My attempt As $P$ is a computable predicate then there is a program that computes ...
187 views

### Proving that a language is not in P using diagonalization

Pardon me if i'm missing something which is very obvious here but i cant seem to figure it out. $E=\{ \langle M, w \rangle \mid \text{ Turing Machine encoded by$M$accepts input$w$after at most$ ...
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793 views

### Did I correctly prune this min-max search tree using alpha-beta pruning?

I am studying some old past test questions. Is this search tree correctly pruned?
2k views

### CFG for $\{a^i b^j : 2 i<j\}$ [duplicate]

So I have a question: Give a CFG for $\{a^i b^j : 2 i<j\}$ And this is my approach: $S\to AB$ $A\to aAb\mid \varepsilon$ $B\to b \mid bB$ A confirmation, or correction, along with how you ...
927 views

### How can I show a linear languages are closed against concatenating with regular ones?

This was given as a homework problem but I have already submitted the assignment. I'd like to resolve it at this point for my own satisfaction. Given that $L_1$ is a linear language and $L_2$ is a ...
827 views

### Lower bound for sorting n arrays of size k each

Given $n$ arrays of size $k$ each, we want to show that at least $\Omega(nk \log k)$ comparisons are needed to sort all arrays (indepentent of each other). My proof is a simple modification of the ...
6k views

### Flaw in my NP = CoNP Proof?

I have this very simple "proof" for NP = CoNP and I think I did something wrongly somewhere, but I cannot find what is wrong. Can someone help me out? Let A be some problem in NP, and let M be the ...
117 views

### Not sure if my solution to following recurrence is correct

I have a recurrence relation, it is like the following: $T(e^n) = 2(T(e^{n-1})) + e^n$, where $e$ is the base of the natural logarithm. To solve this and find a $\Theta$ bound, I tried the following:...
421 views

### Number of Hamiltonian cycles on a Sierpiński graph

I am new to this forum and just a physicist who does this to keep his brain in shape, so please show grace if I do not use the most elegant language. Also please leave a comment, if you think other ...
4k views

403 views

### Show $H_1(x)$ is partially computable

I need to show that $H_1(x)$ defined as follows is partially computable. \begin{equation} H_1(x)= \begin{cases} 1 \;\;\;\;\;\text{ if } \Phi(x,x) \downarrow \\ \uparrow \;\;\;\;\; \text{ otherwise} \...
392 views

### Prove $\varphi(x)$ to be primitive recursive

Let $\varphi(x)=2x$ if $x$ is a perfect square, $\varphi(x) = 2x+1$ otherwise. Show $\varphi$ is primitive recursive. In proving $\varphi$ to be a p.r. function I think it could come in handy the ...
2k views

### Show $x^y$ is a primitive recursive function

As this thread title gives away I need to prove $x^y$ to be a primitive recursive function. So mathematically speaking, I think the following are the recursion equations, well aware that I am ...
857 views

### Generalizing the Comparison Sorting Lower Bound Proof

Let's start with the comparison sorting lower bound proof, which I'll summarize as follows: For $n$ distinct numbers, there are $n!$ possible orderings. There is only one correct sorted sequence of ...
5k views

### Inventory planning problem solved through dynamic programming

I am working on problem (15-11) Inventory planning from Introduction to Algorithms (CLRS, 3rd Ed). 15-11: Inventory Planning, p.411 The Rinky Dink Company makes machines that resurface ice rinks. The ...
1k views

### If $L$ is a regular language, how to prove $L_1 = \{ uv \mid u \in L, |v| =2 \}$ is also regular?

If $L$ is a regular language, prove that the language $L_1 = \{ uv \mid u \in L, |v| =2 \}$ is also regular. My idea: $L$ can be represented as a DFA and then you could add 2 consecutive ...
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203 views

### Proving $\Omega(cf) = \Omega(f)$

I'm trying to prove the following lemma: $c$ is a positive real number and $f, g$ are functions from natural numbers to non-negative real numbers. I'm trying to prove rigorously that: $\Omega(cf(n))$...
156 views

### Error in Generating Function Solution

I am currently working my way through An Introduction to Analysis of Algorithms to stay sharp with recurrences as well as learn generating function techniques. However my analyses and the books ...
348 views

### What is the complexity of this subset merge algorithm?

Updated Algorithm: There was a major flaw in my original presentation of the algorithm which could have impacted the results. I apologize for the same. The correction has been posted underneath. The ...
2k views

### Is Karp Reduction identical to Levin Reduction

Definition: Karp Reduction A language $A$ is Karp reducible to a language $B$ if there is a polynomial-time computable function $f:\{0,1\}^*\rightarrow\{0,1\}^*$ such that for every $x$, $x\in A$ if ...
3k views

### Are supersets of non-regular languages also non-regular?

I have to proof that if $L_1 \subset L_2$ and $L_1$ is not regular then $L_2$ it not regular. This is my proof. Is it valid? Since $L_1$ is not regular, there does not exists a finite automata $M_1$ ...