# Questions tagged [closure-properties]

Questions about operations on objects of some kind that result in objects of the same kind.

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### How do I prove that a language is regular? [duplicate]

In order to prove that the following language is regular, would I use a pumping lemma? The set $A$ of all strings that are substrings of some string in $L$, where $L \subseteq\Sigma^*$. $L$ Must be ...
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### If L is a regular language then the language replace(L,σ,τ) is also regular

I am stuck at the following problem: Prove that if $L$ is a regular language over some alphabet $\Sigma$ and that $\sigma, \tau \in \Sigma$, Then the language $replace(L,\sigma,\tau)$ is regular. ...
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### Closure properties of finite state transducers

Given $T_1, T_2\colon \Sigma^* \to \Gamma^*$ ($\Gamma$ is output alphabet), let $\Delta(T_1, T_2)$ consist of all input strings $w \in Σ^*$ where $T_1(w) \neq T_2(w)$. Prove that FSTs ...
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### Infinite Union of non-regular languages

Is infinite union of non-regular languages $L_i$ that form a chain such that $L_i\subseteq L_{i+1}$ always non-regular? Or is there a possibility that it be ever regular? Is there an easy way to ...
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### How to prove the linear context free languages are closed under gsm mapping?

I'm stuck on the following question: How to prove the linear context free languages are closed under gsm mapping?
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### Proving that a derived language is regular [duplicate]

Suppose I have a DFA recognizing a regular language $L$, how do I prove that $$\text{lefthalf}(L)= \{ w_1 \mid \exists w_2 \in \Sigma^* ,w_1w_2 \in L \land \|w_1\| = \|w_2\| \}$$ is also a regular ...
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### Are models of computation closed under composition?

It's common to ask whether a particular class of languages $\mathcal{C} \subseteq \mathcal{P}(\Sigma^*)$, for some alphabet $\Sigma$, is closed under complement, or union, or intersection, or ...
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### If $L$ is a regular language then so is $L/a =\{w | wa ∈ L\}$, where $L$ is a language over $\Sigma$ and $a \in \Sigma$

I'm trying to work out a proof by construction that $L/a$ would be regular. $a$ is any final symbol at the end of an accepted string, so I figured the only part of the machine that would have to be ...
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