# Questions tagged [computer-algebra]

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### DNA sequence and algebra

DNA is made of a string of different proteins.There are 4 different proteins which make up the human DNA.We can represent each protein as a 2 bit sequence of '0' and '1'.However wouldnt it be much ...
1 vote
33 views

### What are the interesting data structures to work with to manipulate mathematical expressions?

For learning purposes only, I would like to make a small, fairly basic computer algebra system (CAS) manipulating mathematical expressions, such as polynomials, logarithmic or trigonometric ...
39 views

### Numerical "Biases" Computation Issue

I discovered this issue last night & can't make sense of it. Numerical biases programming sounds ridiculous but the code is the same, only changing the denominator from 4 to 5 and changing the ...
23 views

### What's an efficient algorithm to check if a binary operator is residuated?

Assume the binary operator is given as a table/matrix, so constant time to compute $xy$. And likewise, assume the (relation giving rise to the) partially ordered set is also given as a table, or in ...
1 vote
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5k views

### How can a computer deal with real numbers

Computers are an exceptionally powerful tool for various computations, but they don't excel at storing decimal numbers. However, people have managed to overcome these issues: not storing the number in ...
1 vote
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### Non-trivial difference(s) between Computer Algebra System and Proof Assistant

Disclaimer: I am not even an expert user of these two kinds of software. I understand that the trivial difference between proof assistants and CAS is that in proof assistants, the goal is to show that ...
52 views

### Efficient algorithm for factorizing symbolic sum of products

Given a sum of flat symbolic products like $axc + byc + ayc + bxc$, how can I efficiently factorize it as a product of sums like $(a+x)(b+y)c$? For my problem, the products are not commutative -- it's ...
1 vote
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### How to compute quotient subgroup efficiently?

Let $G$ be a finite group given by the table representation and a normal subgroup $H$ of $G$ is given. I want to compute $G/H$ that is quotient group. Model of computation is RAM For all pair of $a$...
54 views

### Provably correct algorithm/CAS for checking term equalities

Within my research of term rewriting systems (TRS) I stumbled upon a paper (Siekmann, J., and P. Szabó. “The Undecidability of the DA-Unification Problem.” The Journal of Symbolic Logic, vol. 54, no. ...
3k views

### cannot construct the infinite type [closed]

I am trying to learn haskell and could not configure it out, why following code snippet can not get compiled: ...
1 vote
20 views

### Is there evidence to suggest Macsyma was directed at the Diophantine equations in the Entscheidungsproblem?

I'm reading the book The Annotated Turing by Charles Petzold. In it he mentions the Diophantine equations - which was a joy to read. This then lead to Hilbert's 10th problem - finding an algorithm ...
515 views

### Using Brzozowski's derivatives method to construct a minimal DFA

so I am currently learning about dfa and nfa and i came across the following question which requires me to use Brzozowski's derivatives method to construct a minimal DFA recognizing the language ...
647 views

### How to calculate sum of binomial coefficients efficiently?

I want to compute the sum $$\binom{n}{0}+\binom{n}{2}+\binom{n}{4}+\binom{n}{6}+\dots+\binom{n}{k} \bmod 10^9+7$$ where $n$ and $k$ can be up to $10^{14}$ and $k\le n$. I found several links on ...
302 views

### Constant problem for discrete functions

Is there an algorithm to decide whether a closed-form expression over integer variables using, say, $\{+,-,\times,\div,\text{^},\lfloor\text{lg}\rfloor,!,()\}$, or some other useful set of operators, ...
61 views

### The symbolic differentiation of univariate expressions

I was reading "Doug McIlroy: McCarthy Presents Lisp" and the phrase "symbolic differentiation of univariate expressions" triggered a faint memory of a demonstration of differentiation done in haskell ...
289 views

### Decidability of checking an antiderivative?

Let's suppose I have two functions $F$ and $G$ and I'm interested in determining whether $$F(x) = \int G(x)dx.$$ Let's suppose that my functions are composed of elementary functions (polynomials, ...
1 vote
1k views

### Difficult Question to Understand (Computer Artitechture) [closed]

You are designing an elevator controller for a building with 25 floors. The controller has two inputs: UP and DOWN. It produces an output indicating the floor that the elevator is on. There is no ...
31 views

### How to simplify a rational function with floating point real coefficients (GCF)

How does one compute the simplified form of a rational function where the coefficients of the polynomial are floating point numbers (real, though I expect using complex numbers would be the same). ...
307 views

### Properties of Reverse Polish Notation expressions that are algebraically invariant

The RPN expressions a b + c * and f d e + * are algebraically equivalent, though the names of the variables are different ...
383 views

### Abstract algebra and programming languages

Quite often, I stumble upon abstract algebra concepts like initial algebra, free algebra, and similar while reading papers on programming languages. For instance, in papers on algebraic data types, ...
1 vote
149 views

### Introduction to number theory [closed]

What is the best book for a beginner in Introduction to number theory? I am new to this field and getting deeper into cryptography, so I think reading some intro books about number theory can be of ...
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### Multiplication of two or more algebraic quantities [closed]

Recently, I was facing the problem how to multiply to two or more algebraic quantities in c++. For example, if the two algebraic quantities are $$x^2-2x+3, \text{and } x-5$$ then the result of ...
6k views

### Why do Computers use Hex Number System at assembly language?

Why do computer use Hex Number System at assembly language? Why don't they use any other number system like binary, octal, decimal? What thing forced computer designer to use hex system at assembly? ...
1 vote
55 views

### Is everything in CS either a numeric method or a symbolic method?

Or maybe also a combination of the two, but not something else, whether numeric, nor symbolic. Do they cover the whole field?
62 views

### How does mathematical software evaluate symbolic sums?

Wolfram alpha is able to compute this sum: $$\sum_{j=1}^n \binom{j}{2} = \frac{1}{6}(n-1)n(n+1).$$ How can Wolfram alpha do it? What kind of algorithm does it use?
1 vote
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### An algorithm for making 2 carts meet [closed]

Say I have 2 carts on an infinite railroad, each cart is initially under a lamp. There are only 2 lamps, and they are at a fixed location, hence they don't change their location. The distance between ...
776 views

### How does automatic differentiation work?

What is the intuitive idea behind automatic differentiation? If I have a program which computes $f(x, y)=x^2+yx$, which steps lead to the program which computes the derivative $df/dx$ of f? ... 2k views

### Does Automatic Differentiation handle conditional branches, if yes how?

I'm trying to understand how Automatic Differentiation (AD) works. For simple algebraic operation, I get the chain rule thing. But, when the code contains conditional statement like ... 142 views

### Solve modulus with constraints for multiple equations

I'm trying write a program to solve equations from the following form: \begin{align} a \bmod x &= t_1 \\ b \bmod x &= t_2 \\ \end{align} where $a$, $b$, $t_1$ and $t_2$ are known ...
687 views

### Using a computer algebra system to optimize mathematical expressions

This is something I've been wondering for years. Software like Mathematica is great at manipulating expressions into simplified, factorized, and other forms. I'm wondering if there's a way, ...
317 views

### Computer Algebra: Algorithms for solving equations symbolically

As a hobby, I have written a basic computer algebra system. My CAS handles expressions as trees. I have advanced it to the point where it can simplify expressions symbolically (i.e., sin(pi/2) returns ...
354 views

### Decidability of a problem concerning polynomials

I have come across the following interesting problem: let $p,q$ be polynomials over the field of real numbers, and let us suppose that their coefficients are all integer (that is, there is a finite ...