Questions tagged [computer-networks]

Questions about problems that arise when you connect multiple computers to form a network.

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P2p versus Client Server Architecture: Performance

I want to understand the difference between P2P and Client server Architecture in the context of Performance. Book has drawn a graph. The link of the book is: Computer Networking: A top-down ...
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TCP congestion control problem

Suppose that the maximum transmit window size for a TCP connection is 12000 bytes. Each packet consists of 2000 bytes. At some point in time, the connection is in slow-start phase with a current ...
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fragmentation in ipv4 is done at source or routers or at both

fragmentation in ipv4 is done at source or routers? according to what i read, fragmentation can be avoided at source, by doing segmentation at transport layer wisely to match MTU of source network... ...
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3answers
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Is the constant pi (not Raspberry) ever used in general computer science?

Is the constant pi (not Raspberry) ever used in general computer science? If so, how so or when is it applicable?
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Are acknowledgements used in CSMA/CD?

To provide context, I have read that CSMA/CD does not rely on acknowledgements and relies on collision signals to check for successful or unsuccessful transmissions (from what was explained in the ...
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1answer
27 views

Is there a way to access hard drives while computer sleeps?

Is there any way at all possible or possible with hardware (aside from a NAS) to access hard drives while the computer is in a low power mode such as sleep (aside from WOL)? For example, can I log ...
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1answer
41 views

Diffie-Hellman and its disadvantage with large primes

I was reading our university slide on the Diffie-Hellman where it is mentioned that one of the disadvantages of D-H is that For large prime, $p-1$ is an even number so, $\mathbb{Z}^*_p$ will have a ...
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Given two or more nodes in a network, is it possible to determine the one-way link latencies between two nodes that share a bi-directional connection?

We already know that detecting the one-way latency between only two nodes is impossible. However, if I have a number of nodes in the same subnet that all know about each other, can measure round-trip ...
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1answer
55 views

Two Generals Problems - What's wrong with my approach?

Some time ago, I've come across the Two Generals Problem and that it cannot be resolved. Now, recently, I've had an idea how to approach it. IMHO, it is a very obvious way to handle it but I haven't ...
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Calculation of total delay for multiple packets and multiple hops

I had this question on my homework for a class and don't understand the solution at all. Assume there is no direct link between A and B. There exists one router C and two hops: Link A-C and link C-B....
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How TDM(TIme division multiplexing) affects bandwidth of the link and bandwidth of each station?

Sir I have recently started studying computer networks. I have following doubt. Please clarify. In TDM(Time division multiplexing), say we have broadcast link and N stations are connected to it. Then ...
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23 views

How can I download a streaming file without the file's specific address? [closed]

I want to download a streaming file, but I don't know the real address of that file, only the address where the stream is. How can I download that file? Is it possible to know the address of the file ...
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What is the average time for a node to transmit on the shared medium for Ethernet? (IEEE 802.3)

Suppose a shared ethernet link L, in which for nodes T1-T4 and a router R are connected: ...
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229 views

How do web browsers find out the MAC address?

While reading through my textbook, I discovered that if you want to access a particular web page, your web browser will find out the IP address of the web server that hosts the web page and try and ...
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47 views

Bit stuffing in ethernet

I am naive to computer networks. I studied bit stuffing protocol which helps in identifying the end of the frame. If we assume a two systems which use ethernet protocol at data link layer. How the end ...
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Why not use a timer at sender instead of increasing transmision time in CSMA/CD to detect collisions?

In CSMA/CD protocol in order to detect collision Transmission time should be at least equal to two times 2×Tp, that means we have to change the frame size accordingly. Instead of all this why can't ...
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1answer
67 views

Calculate minimum and maximum Ethernet (IEEE 802.3) frame size from frame format

According the frame format of Ethernet Minimum Frame Size should be : 7Bytes + 1Bytes + 6Bytes + 6Bytes + 2Bytes + 46Bytes +4Bytes = 72Bytes Maximum Frame Size ...
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1answer
57 views

All-zeros subnet and All-ones subnet

It is said that practically all-zeros and all-ones subnets are not used. Let us consider an a network $200.200.13.13/25$ Here Network ID is represented by using $25$ bits and Host ID using $32-25=7$ ...
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46 views

Hamming code distance and error detection

Suppose that data are transmitted in blocks of sizes 1000 bits. What is the maximum error rate under which error detection and retransmission mechanism (1 parity bit per block) is better than using ...
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1answer
23 views

IP addresses and CIDR suffixes

I'm somewhat confused about IP addresses and subnet masks. Can a same IPv4 address have two different CIDR suffixes ? for example 95.100.252.115/28 and 95.100.252.115/26 ? If not, how is the CIDR ...
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1answer
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Basic Question in networking - why max data size of ip datagram 65535 BYTES and not 65535 bits?

I recently started computer networks with some understanding of algorithms and discrete mathematics. I am completely new. Kindly elaborate following - data size of ip datagram = 16bits. So with this $...
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32 views

Computing effective transfer speed [Effective Transmission rate?]

A) Given 10 Mb/s network through three store-and-forward switches with frame size of 5000 bits and length of ACK frames of ...
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46 views

Construction of Omega Network

I understand that we could draw N * N Omega Network, But can we draw an Omega Network to connect 6 CPUs to 4 memories? (The number of CPUs does not equal the number of memories)
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1answer
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Confused between bandwidth and frequency

I am new to Computer Science and started learning about computer networking very recently. I know that bandwidth means how many bits can be sent through the channel in 1 second. However, recently I ...
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Why should a potential drawback of layering be that functionality at one layer may need information that is present only in another layer?

Protocol layering has conceptual and structural advantages [RFC 3439]. As we have seen, layering provides a structured way to discuss system components. Modularity makes it easier to update system ...
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maximal number of time slots until a successful transmission in adaptive tree walking protocol

i have a problem understanding some vital points in adaptive tree walking protocol: for simplicity sake, only two stations want to broadcast in the given network: A and C. what is the maximal number ...
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1answer
50 views

Finding maximal and average number of time slots in an Adaptive tree walk protocol

Tried to research here and on other sites with no luck regarding finding the maximal and average number of time slots in an Adaptive tree walk protocol. i'll explain what i mean here: In a simple(...
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43 views

utilization of bitmap protocol

I am curious about utilization calculation in the bitmap protocol. especially if there's a difference between if only station 0 wants to broadcast(and the others doesn't) or only some other station ...
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9 views

minimal broadcasting frame length in a CSMA/CD protocol

i'm unsure about the following question, would appreciate your assistance with it: in a CSMA/CD network with a cable length of L, and propagation speed T, with no need of repeaters(the signal is not ...
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theoretical question about difference between transmitting stations in Bit-Map Protocol

i am wondering about the difference between the transmitting station in a bit map protocol. for instance, if we have 8 broadcasting stations numbered 0-7, and the racing (contenting) time is $t_0$ ...
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25 views

Affects of altering a line in “stop and wait” protocol(no noises)

what will happen if we change "to_physical_layer(&s)" to "to_physical_layer(&r)" in the following code(marked in the code where)? does it make the protocol fail? if so, show a scenario it ...
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21 views

go back n protocol scenario consequences

i am not sure with tihs question. i will post it here along with my attempt: the following scenario is regarding go back protocol n, with 3 bits for sequential numbering, assuming that the following ...
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56 views

finding the overhead and distance of an unknown code based on message making algorithm

for an information word M with m bits that is coded as following: M is coded into a word A using an unknown code that allows detection of not more than one error. the code word is the word obtained ...
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67 views

Calculating p-persistent CSMA Network probability

Let's say that, in a p-persistant CSMA network one station, X, is ready to transmit data. All other stations are idle for 5 time slots after X has become ready. What is the probability that X ...
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Finding current levels when encoding information in a channel

I am stuck with the following question: In a noised channel with a bandwidth of 4 kHz that has the signal-noise ratio of 30 decibels, if it is known that the maximal broadcasting speed is 16000 bps,...
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Maximal number of parallel cellular calls with no adjacent cells in a hexagonal setting

Is it possible to find an optimization to the following theoretical case? Given is a cellular (phone) system with hexagonal cells, where the volume of transmission and the size of the cells are ...
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A file is sent from host A to client B, the packet passes through router R on its way to B. Calculate the total delay for the file to reach B

This is a question from an old exam that ive been trying to work out: The 40000 bit file is split into 10 packets with a 400 bit header added to each packet The link from A to R is 500 km long and ...
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1answer
79 views

Network throughput with random delay selected from uniform distribution

Background: I am working with IoT devices which broadcast status messages over a wireless channel periodically and at a rather high rate (500-5000 Hz). Receiving every message is not crucial but the ...
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17 views

Networks-on-Chip : separable allocator VS wavefront allocator

How is separable allocator different from wavefront allocator ? See page 86 and 87 of On-Chip Networks, Second Edition Synthesis Lectures on Computer Architecture
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Application deployement and network models [closed]

I am a self-taught in computer science. I am interested on have a robust test book on which study the nut and bolt of application deployment. I mean all the processes involved in getting new software ...
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1answer
15 views

Maximum number of nodes connected when the link has a large buffer

A link of capacity 100 Mbps is carrying traffic from a number of sources. Each source generates an on-off traffic stream;when the source is on, the rate of traffic is 10 Mbps, and when the source is ...
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1answer
23 views

What is the name of the domain or theoretical problem of transmitting game states in an online game

For example, in chess (or any online game), you broadcast the game state to other players at certain times (every n-milliseconds or after a move is made). Thereupon, a player's game client renders the ...
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20 views

transmit delay end to end

If PC1 divided the original packet (1.5 MB) to three equal packets (each packet is the length of 512 KB), then how much time is needed to transmit the 3 packets back-to-back. how can i solve this ...
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244 views

Efficiency of UDP protocol

When 54 bytes of data is transferred using the UDP protocol, the efficiency is? (In per cent) IN UDP, the maximum datagram size can be $2^{16}-1 \, bytes$ Now to this, 8 Bytes of UDP header is ...
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1answer
89 views

Why does packet delivery time only count transmission time once?

Why is packet delivery time equal to transmission time + propagation delay, and not equal to 2*(transmission time) + propagation delay? At the end of packet delivery time, doesn't that mean that ...
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2answers
57 views

How to decide which bytes will form a packet ?(computer networks)

In wireless communication , I understand what it means to transmit a "bit" but I wanted to understand what exactly does it mean by a packet . *******POST EDIT/RECEIVING INITIAL ANSWERS******* I got ...
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33 views

Stop and Wait Efficiency

A sender uses Stop and Wait protocol for transmission of 8000K bits size frames on a 1Gbps satellite channel with a propagation delay of $400ms$.What will be the link utilization(in percent),if ...
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54 views

Computer Networks, bandwidth calculation

I don't know if this is the right place to ask this kind of questions, but I'm a little desperate and I can't find the answer to this Computer Networks exam question. "A point to point 1000 km ...
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69 views

Understanding acknowledgement mechanism in sliding window protocol

I came across following problem: Node A sends packets to B through router R. The link A-R is instantaneous , but the R->B link transmits only 1 packet each second , one at a time . Assume A sends ...
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What are the things one can do with the internet without the World Wide Web? [closed]

If the question above makes any sense!