# Questions tagged [data-compression]

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### Compression of domain names

I am curious as to how one might very compactly compress the domain of an arbitrary IDN hostname (as defined by RFC5890) and suspect this could become an interesting challenge. A Unicode host or ...
131 views

### What is the intuition behind the Geometric Burrows-Wheeler Transform?

What is the intuition behind the Geometric Burrows-Wheeler Transform? And how can I use a GBWT with blocking factor $d$ to match a given pattern $P$ of length $|P| = m$ with $m \ge d$ $m < d$ ...
128 views

### Evaluating sums of subsets

Let $X=\{x_1,...,x_N\}$ be a set of real numbers. We consider $M$ sums over its subsets, e.g. $N=9$, $M=3$  \begin{align*} s_1&=x_1+x_2+x_3+x_9,\\ s_2&=x_1+x_2+x_4+x_9,\\ s_3&=x_1+x_2+...
245 views

### Average redundancy in Huffman or Hu-Tucker codes on random symbol probabilities

Huffman and Hu-Tucker codes are well-known compression schemes, which both come close to the entropy lower bound. It is known that if $L_1$ and $L_2$ are the lengths of a Huffman resp. Hu-Tucker code, ...
327 views

### LZ-type compression with a limited recursion depth

I would like to begin by apologizing. I am not a computer scientist, so my use of terminology will be off. I came across an interesting problem, which I believe to be pretty hard and would love to get ...
136 views

### Interpretation of Burrows-Wheeler transform, Steps Q2, Q4 and Q6

This question refers to steps Q2, Q4 and Q6 of Algorithm Q, described in the paper "A Block-sorting Lossless Data Compression Algorithm", by M. Burrows and D.J. Wheeler, SRC Research Report, 1994. My ...
66 views

### Approximate estimation of stream compressibility?

I wish to estimate the compression ratio of a stream of bytes. Specifically, I'm interested in DEFLATE compression. I'm looking for some algorithm/heuristic that can estimate roughly the ...
35 views

### Space-efficient data structure for analytical querying of multiple branching evolutions of a dataset

Problem Description I have a data state space: a set of data sets, each of which can be modelled as a collection of arbitrary key-value pairs. These data sets are each a branch of evolution of a ...
68 views

### Modifying the JPEG compression to use custom block patterns

recently, while watching a video about machine learning, I had an idea about creating an image compression algorithm, that works similar to JPEG, but is based on arbitrary bitmaps as blocks. I should ...
258 views

### Generalization of XOR Linked Lists

Are there any results generalizing XOR Linked Lists to other types of data structures? For example, just like an XOR Linked List requires two pointers and can iterate a 1 dimensional list, I can ...
344 views

### LZ-type compression vs. entropy-encoding of BWT data

Why does there seem to be a preference for using Huffman (or Arithmetic) coding instead of a Lempel-Ziv type compression algorithm for Burrows-Wheeler Transformed data? I noticed that data ...
104 views

### Bayesian Coding

Suppose you have a sequence generated by an i.i.d. process (such as repeatedly rolling a die and recording the values in order) parameterized by some K-dimensional vector $\vec{\gamma}$ (the ...
111 views

### Lossless Video Compression Pipeline

The only paper I can find about an implementation of a lossless video codec is an article by Michael Niedermayer which explains the FF1V compression pipeline. I'm wondering if anyone else has found ...
11 views

### Asymptotically Optimal Universal Code In Other Bases

Universal codes are fairly well studied, and many asymptotically optimal universal codes exist for binary data (see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Universal_code_(data_compression) especially https://...
33 views

### Online algorithm for compressing multiple SETS?

Algorithms like LZW and others compress data sequences. What I'm looking is an algorithm that compress multiple Sets. if possible online algorithm. For example : ...
30 views

### Can you give me insight into the time and space complexity of those pairing functions?

I am looking for a pairing function with linear time complexity. I found one in Steven Pigeon's thesis (p 115, §5.3.6.3) described in English on MathOverflow that works by bit interleaving. another ...
63 views

### Is arithmetic coding slightly more efficient than rANS?

I'm extending a framework for lossy compression of multidimensional floating-point data. At some point in the pipeline, sequences of symbols from a non-uniform distribution are losslessly compressed ...
64 views

### Clustering data for compression with PCA

If I have datapoints in a high dimensional space and want to find a (linear) subspace onto which a data-set projects well, I can use PCA and then discard less important dimensions of the new basis to ...
161 views

### Relationship between algorithm size and compression power

Does the size of an algorithm restrict how many bitstrings it can compress, and how much it can compress the bitstrings? Some definitions and an example to illustrate this is the case. An elite ...
52 views

### Clustering with probabilities / vector quantization with arbitrary distance measures

Suppose I'm given $n$ points $x_1,\dots,x_n$ in some space $\mathcal{S}$ (think: $\mathbb{R}^d$), and probabilities $p_1,\dots,p_n$ that form a probability distribution (so $p_1 + \dots + p_n=1$). ...
60 views

### Ordered set transformation data structure

Assume an ordered set $M = \{\tau_1, \tau_2, ..., \tau_n\}$ and a subset $S = \{\tau_k,\tau_l,...,\tau_m\}\subset M$ where $1\leq k,l,m \leq n$. All the items of $S$ are randomly ordered. The task is ...
35 views

### LZW with dictionary clearing

How does LZW decompress data with dictionary clearing/flushing? I understand that a space is reserved in the dictionary that represents a clear code (usually 256), but how is this code actually used ...
43 views

### How do I compress data vectors in broadcast messages?

Let us model a wireless broadcast network as an undirected graph $G(V,E)$ where there is an edge between every pair of nodes ${i,j}\in V$ if they are in transmission range of each other. $w_{i\to j}$ ...
57 views

### Mathematical limits on lossless data compression

Let's say Bob wants to send a particular binary sequence to Alice. Imagine that Bob and Alice both have powerful machines but slow Internet connections. Bob could just send the sequence directly but ...
78 views

### Is arithmetic coding restricted to powers of $2$ in denominator equivalent to Huffman coding?

With restriction to $\frac{k}{2^n}$ as line segment ends, does arithmetic coding degrade to Huffman coding? As far as I can tell, each symbol will be encoded with an integer amount of bits, which is ...
508 views

What are the advantages and drawbacks of considering ever longer block lengths or context lengths, if one was to work with estimated probabilities(measuring on the fly: aka "adaptive") rather than ...
46 views

### Implementing binary arithmetic encoder

I have set integers that are normally distributed, and I'm trying to implement binary arithmetic encoding, as suggested in this post: Compressing normally distributed data I'm running into trouble ...
63 views

### Computing (near) optimal displacement tables

Suppose we have a two-dimensional table $T$ with $r$ rows and $c$ columns that is sparse. Let $T[i][j]$ be the element at the $i$th row and $j$th column of $T$, with zero-based indexing. We can ...
44 views

### Attribute Selection for minimum number of clusters

I have a table consisting of some headers $P, Q, R, S$ (shown in blue in Table 1). According to the headers, the column $T$ is populated using some predefined logic. Now, any of the headers $P,Q,R,S$ ...
36 views

### Using less Random Access Memory

Suppose you were to compress data before it was sent to Random Access Memory. Wouldn't you technically be using less R.A.M?
147 views

### Compression of gaussian variables

Say I have 2 Gaussian sources X and Y. They are generated with mutivariate gaussian distribution with ...
99 views

### Which algorithms provide high compression ratios for bit matrices?

I have an x*y bit matrix where the total number of bits fluctuates between ~1,000,000 and ~20,000,000 bits. The rows are much smaller than the columns. An example matrix might be of size 1,000,000 x ...
42 views

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### How many strings of length |w| are unrelated?

For sufficiently large |w|, how many of the 2^|w| strings of length |w| are entirely unrelated? A way to define this: two strings are unrelated if their joint Kolomogorov complexity is practically ...
48 views

### How can 4 GB of data can expand into 40 GB of data, when I install Windows on a Computer

Say I start with an iso with about 4GB of data and use this, to install windows on a computer. After installation, the operating system will take up about 40GB of disk space. Where does all this &...
41 views

### Design of a synchronized clock

I was living in a country where Internet wasn't that fast so the younger me had the following idea for compressing data Let say 2 parties want to send data to each other, we know that data can be ...
20 views

### Significance of model in arithmetic coding

I am trying to understand the concept of arithmetic coding, i understand how the range is subdivided after each character is read from the string. But i am unable to understand why using a more ...
46 views

### Source code or detailed explanation of “WKS” virtual memory compression algorithm?

I've been trying to find information on various program data virtual memory compression algorithms that are in the "WK" family of algorithms. So far, I've been successful with the "WKdm" compression ...
32 views

### How would I make sure my compressed string has the smallest length possible?

I'm trying to make a function that takes a string and compresses the repeating blocks. The code I'm using is implemented in such a way that a single character like 'a' would be converted to '1(a)' ...
25 views

### How can i compare lossy image compression techniques?

I need to find which lossy image compression technique is the best. I chose to test JPEG, WebP and BPG. Which criteria can I choose for comparison apart from quality and speed of compression and how ...
41 views

### Is entropy a good indicator of the quality of a lossy compression?

Say I want to quantitively evaluate the effectiveness of several color-to-grayscale conversion algorithms, which can be considered as lossy compression. Would entropy be a good indicator? To ...
56 views

### An interesting compression algorithm idea

I stumbled on this paper about compressing images using a kind of odd, but interesting idea. It seems pretty easy to implement and I was wondering if there is something wrong with it that I haven't ...