# Questions tagged [duality]

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### Minimize bottleneck in flow network

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a flow network with two vertices $s,t$ also each edge has its capacity equal to $\infty$. Our goal is to transfer a flow of size $C$ from $s$ to $t$ so that minimize an edge that has ...
1 vote
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### Dual of a graph where the faces are unclear

To get the dual of a planar graph, each of the faces becomes a vertex. And then, two vertices in the dual graph are connected if they share a common face. My question is about planar graphs that have ...
1 vote
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### What's an example of a planar graph with two embeddings whose geometric duals are nonisomorphic?

How to prove that the dual of the dual of a connected planar graph $G$ is isomorphic to $G$? In the post linked above, the user "plop" gives a great response where they claim, in particular, ...
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### How to prove that the dual of the dual of a connected planar graph $G$ is isomorphic to $G$?

I find in many references the fact that if $G$ is a connected planar graph, then for any embedding, $G^{**} \cong G$. However, all those references either say that this fact is trivial, or give the ...
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### Intuitive self-contained proof of Farkas' Lemma

I've been studying the proof of Farkas' Lemma, and given my rather fuzzy memory of Linear Algebra, am having some trouble with it. One version of Farkas' lemma states: For any convex cone generated ...
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### Showing a linear program is infeasible or finding a feasible solution

I'm aware that for any given maximize/minimize LP problem, if its dual is unbounded then the primary is infeasible and vice versa. But what if there is no maximize/minimize objective function? For ...