Questions tagged [graphs]

Questions about graphs, discrete structures of nodes which are connected by edges, including trees and graphs with weighted edges.

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Maximum matching with social distancing

Let $G = (X\cup Y, E)$ be a bipartite graph. Suppose $X$ contains people, $Y$ contains seats in a theatre, and each edge $(x,y)$ has a weight representing how much person $x$ is willing to pay for ...
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Finding the minimized absolute difference of shortest paths of two different starting vertices

I am relatively new to algorithms and I hoped you can help me with the following question. The question can be summarized as follows: Given two different starting vertices, A and B, and a destination ...
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True/False: If v is a leaf in every spanning tree resulting from DFS(s), then v is a leaf in every spanning tree resulting from BFS(s)

Let $G = (V,E)$ be a connected undirected graph. Let $s \in V$ be a vertex in the graph. True/False: If $v$ is a leaf in every spanning tree resulting from DFS(s), then $v$ is a leaf in every spanning ...
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Determining the number of reachable vertices from every vertex in a directed acyclic graph

Let $G = (V, E)$ be a directed acyclic graph, which is quite sparse (in the examples I have in mind, $|E| \approx 10|V|$ or so). For each vertex $v \in V$, let $f(v)$ be the number of vertices ...
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Is the clique problem polynomial-time solvable still in unit disk graphs allowing different sized disks?

Clark et al. proved that the clique problem is polynomial-time solvable in unit disk graphs. Does anyone know if this result holds still if the disks are allowed to be different sizes? Or do such &...
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Weighted maximum match for intervals

Say I have two sets of intervals sorted by time $I_1=[(x_1, y_1),... (x_n, y_n)]$ and $I_2 = [(a_1, b_1)... (a_m, b_m)]$. where $x, y, a, b$ are times in seconds. None of the intervals within $I_1$ ...
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Assigning balls to bins with constraints

Let $S= \{ b_{11}, b_{12}, b_{21}, b_{22}, b_{31}, b_{32},\dots, b_{n1}, b_{n2} \}$ be a set of $2n$ balls grouped in $n$ pairs, and $T = \{ B_1, B_2, \dots, B_m\}$ be a set of $m$ bins with ...
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On the relation between several graph parameters

Recently, I came across several parameters of graphs. So I know in general graphs, it might be hard to compare between them, but I'd like to try and see which upper/lower bounds can be made. Some ...
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Problems/properties of dynamic graphs with strong lower bounds

I know from  that the lower bound for the maximum hitting time of simple random walk on a dynamic graph is $\Omega(2^n)$. Smoothed analysis has been applied to the maximum hitting time  and ...
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Attempting to verify the colorability using Wigderson's Algorithm

The algorithm of Wigderson (see here) can color a graph that is known to be $3$-colorable in $O\left( \sqrt{\left| V \right|} \right)$ colors. This is done in $O\left( |V| + |E|\right)$ time. For ...
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Currently best approximation for graph coloring

As we all know it is $NPH$ to check whether $G=(V,E)$ is $k$-colorable or not. It is also hard to find the chromatic number of $G$. But I'd like to ask what are some good (or best known) approximation ...
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How should i face the cluster editing problem?

The mentioned problem: Cluster Editing Problem. I need to code this problem but i can't understand the algorithm behind it, even when i try to search for resources about graphs into the web; can ...
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Upper-bounding the out-going degree of a graph

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$, I'm looking for a way to orient its edges in a way that will bound its out degree. For example, I can bound the graph's out-degree by $\approx 2\cdot a(G)$, where $a(G)$ is $G$...
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Maximum flow in integer flow network

Let's say you have a maximum integer flow function in a network with 7 directed edges, meaning the flow cannot be increased anymore. The capacity of each edge is then increased by one. The capacity of ...
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Is the first distance that gets assigned to a node in BFS always the shortest distance?

Consider the following bfs pseudo code that calculates distances of all nodes from $s$ in graph $G=(V,E)$. I know that if $G$ was undirected and unweighted, then the above bfs would calculate correct ...
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Variation of the gas station problem

Consider an acylicic directed weighted graph in which the nodes represent cities and the weights represent the amount of fuel a car spends when going through that edge. At each city $u$ the car ...
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Traversing a directed graph with negative weights

Let $G = (V, E)$ be a directed graph with negative edge weights and no cycles, and $L:V \to \mathbb [0, \infty[$ be a function defined over this graph. This graph represents all possible paths a ...
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Algorithm to find the path with minimum bending points on a square grid board

Let's suppose we have a square grid board like the one shown in the picture below: I'm wondering how I can find the path with minimum number of "bending" points (like the ones shown in red) ...
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Given a source and destination, find the path with minimum stress level in a Graph

I faced this problem in a hiring challenge which is now over. I wrote a solution for the problem but at that time the judge gave me wrong answer. Afterwords I thought about the solution but couldn't ...
For a given undirected graph $G=(V,E)$ I'm trying to construct a boolean polynomially computable formula $\varphi$ with the following property: $\varphi$ is satisfiable $\iff$ vertices of $G$ can be ...