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Questions tagged [greedy-algorithms]

Questions about algorithms that make at each step the locally optimal choice.

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Maximize number of museums visited in a day

Given a list of museums, their opening hours and time needed to visit each, make a schedule such that a tourist visits maximal number of museums in a given day. Suppose that no time is needed in ...
2
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1answer
41 views

What is an approximation factor for the Greedy Motif Search algorithm?

What is approximation factor for the Greedy Motif Search algorithm? I couldn't find an answer to my question except for the fact that the algorithm has a unknown aproximation factor. I'm not a native ...
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0answers
37 views

Interval scheduling with shared resources between steps

I'm working on a (real life!) scenario that involves scheduling workers on an assembly line. Let's say it involves steps a -> b -> c -> d -> e, and each ...
2
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0answers
32 views

Heuristic for searching for solutions on an 8-puzzle variant with non-unique tiles

I'm trying to perform an A* search on a particular N-puzzle variant in which some tiles are identical. More specifically, assuming an $m \times m$ grid, there are m colors with m tiles of each. The ...
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1answer
82 views

Modified Knapsack Problem

I have a problem with the following optimisation problem: In total there are $n=100$ items. A quality level $L_i \in \{0,1,2,3,4,5\} $ must be selected for each of these items. The greater $L_i$ is, ...
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1answer
52 views

Task Distribution Algorithm

Different machine has different efficiency on different tasks, like: ...
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0answers
78 views

Maximum matching blossom algorithm

https://stanford.edu/~rezab/classes/cme323/S16/projects_reports/shoemaker_vare.pdf Why do we use blossom contrast in maximum matching? The examples that I have seen can easily be solved by just ...
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1answer
112 views

Maximize the sum of chosen numbers

I have 2 problems that derive from a simple problem. I'll explain the simple one with the solution I found and after that the modified problem. Suppose there is a game with 2 players, A and B and a ...
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1answer
35 views

Proof for optimal interval scheduling using a Greedy Approach

You are given a set of n jobs, where each job j is associated with a size s(how much time it takes to process the job) and a weight w(how important the job is). Suppose you have only one machine ...
2
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1answer
78 views

Can a greedy algorithm have more than one subproblems to solve after making greedy choice?

For example: s = <s1 s2 s3> is my problem, I make greedy choice s2 and solve s1 and <...
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2answers
67 views

Putting as many items as possible with weight and size limit

I am trying to design a greedy algorithm that has to take in multiple factors when making a greedy choice. Any item has an item weight of Iw and item size of <...
2
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1answer
93 views

Greedy algorithm for even item distribution

I have this problem where I need to design a greedy algorithm. The problem is as follows: A chocolate factory owns $n$ stores, which are connected by a single road. Each store has a limited supply $...
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0answers
23 views

Greedy Approach without constraint and a feasibility function

We know that the Greedy Approach in general, picks an element from a set of candidate elements that satisfies a predefined criteria (selection function) and is added to the solution if it satisfies ...
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1answer
44 views

Carpet into Box

Given a carpet of size a * b [length * breadth] and a box of size c * d, one has to fit the carpet in the box in the minimum number of moves. A move is to fold the carpet in half, either by length or ...
3
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1answer
72 views

Length of shortest codeword in Huffman encoding

Under Huffman Encoding, if one character occurs more than 1/3rd of the time, is it guaranteed that there will be at least one character whose codeword is of length 1? I thought of 2 cases where this ...
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1answer
33 views

Minimum Spanning Tree with one particular edge minimised(continued)

I have recently encountered a coding problem, specifically, the CCC problem S4. In the problem, it states that you are given a spanning tree, or otherwise a "valid plan of pipes", that connect each ...
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2answers
54 views

Minimum spanning tree such that one edge can be minimised

During a computer coding exam, I have encountered such a problem. Given a list of vertexes and edges between the vertexes,and a positive number, D, what is the minimum spanning tree between the ...
3
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2answers
101 views

Merging balls interview problem

Here is an interview problem about balls rolling towards buckets from Sprinklr Interview Experience at GeekforGeeks. You are given $n$ balls on the table and all the balls are rolling towards the ...
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1answer
46 views

Trying to understand the question(well spaced points ?) better

Let us have a sorted array of n numbers and we would like to find a well spaced set of C of them, More specifically, we want to get a subset $ S\subset T$ with |S| = C and with $min_{i,j \in S,i\ne j}...
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1answer
274 views

Is my proof of my greedy algorithm to find subsequence correct?

Credit to KleinBerg and Taros Book Some of your friends have gotten into the burgeoning field of time-series data mining, in which one looks for patterns in sequences of events that occur over time. ...
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1answer
50 views

Number Theory Problem from Local Selection Contest EPFL | ETHZ

This was a question from the 2016 local (selection) contest in ETHZ, You have a high-precision alarm clock with three operations: 1) reset wake-up time to midnight (00:00:00.000000) 2) modify the ...
2
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1answer
62 views

Greedy Solution for Selecting Prefix Sum

Given $n$ arrays. Each has size of $h$. Let $a_{i, j} \in \mathbb{I}$ be the $i$-th element of $j$-th array. You can select at most $k$ numbers from all arrays but if you pick $a_{i, j}$, you have to ...
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0answers
34 views

findining the smallest sum of squared lengths of the intervals I_{k}

Given a set S = { $x_{1}$, $x_{2}$, . . . , $x_{n}$} where $x_{i} \in Z$ . and a K and it is $Z^{+}$ . The goal is to find k intervals $I_{1}, I_{2}, . . . , I_{k}$ so that each $x_{i}$ is in one ...
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4answers
234 views

A greedy algorithm for the bottle filling problem

(There’s no need to write the algorithm, I just need help with the greedy choice). Problem: you are given bottles numbered 1 to n. Each bottle i has a capacity of Ci and currently contains Li. We ...
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1answer
52 views

Given n drinks, find optimum way to spend money if for each drink the price and the expiration date is given

Let's say we are given $n$ types of drinks, integer $m$ representing the budget we have and integer $d$ representing the cost of delivery when we order some drinks. For each of the $n$ drinks we are ...
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1answer
201 views

How this proof of fractional knapsack works?

I don't understand a step in my book proving the fractional knapsack problem: Let value of items $v_1\ge v_2\ge \dots\ge v_n$, and assume $X=\langle x_1, \dots,x_n\rangle$ are the solution by ...
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2answers
116 views

set cover where only certain special subsets are allowed

I am trying to solve a problem which turns out to be a form of the set cover problem. I've implemented the greedy Set cover approximation algorithm for set cover, but it turns out to not be accurate ...
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1answer
56 views

Greedy Algorithm Proof Min Swaps

Problem to get the min. no. of swaps required for arranging pairs togethe. There exists an array of size 2N with integers ranging from 0 to 2N-1 arranged at random. Each integer is paired with ...
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0answers
28 views

directed edges in an undirected graph [duplicate]

Undirected graph is given which has M edges and N vertices we have to convert every edge from u−v to u→v or v→u such that the total outdegree of every vertex is even. For example, consider a graph ...
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1answer
82 views

What is the optimal way to solve the following optimization problem

You are given a function $F$, which can take one or more positive integer operands. Let $L=\{a_1,a_2\ldots a_n\}$. We need to compute the function $F(L)$ using the least number of transformations/...
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2answers
51 views

MST Proof (Kleinburg & Tordos)

Consider the Minimum Spanning Tree Problem on an undirected graph G = (V, E), with a cost ≥ 0 on each edge, where the costs may not all be different. If the costs are not all distinct, there can in ...
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1answer
218 views

Greedy algorithm to find Minimum Dominating Set in a tree

Is it possible to find minimum dominating set on a tree $G$ using a greedy algorithm?
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1answer
139 views

Solving “coin exchange” for coins of power values by greedy algorithm

When solving the problem of coin exchange by greedy algorithm, why will we will always have the correct result if the coin values are $1, a, a^2, \cdots, a^n$, where $a\ge 2$ and $n\gt 0$? For ...
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1answer
169 views

interval scheduling algorithm

can any one explain why the greedy algorithm solution i.e sorting according to finishing time is optimal in the interval scheduling algorithm ?? I want proof in layman's language. I was watching this ...
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1answer
53 views

Variant of interval scheduling with varying task durations

I am probably just missing the correct term for my problem to find the solution but here it goes: I have a set of tasks with a given duration and an interval for each task in which it has to be ...
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1answer
96 views

Algorithm to organize a tournament where the team componentes change each round

So, I was tasked with creating an app that generates the schedule of a doubles tennis tournament (i.e., teams of two) in a way that, by the end of it, everyone would have played against the rest of ...
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0answers
64 views

Weighted Sorting Algorithm

Given a permutation of $n$ element and for each pair of position $i$ and $j$, a non-negative integer $c_{ij}$ which is cost of swapping $i$-th element and $j$-th element of permutation. Is there any ...
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1answer
211 views

Why is Dijkstra's Algorithm more popular compared to Grassfire algorithm?

Consider algorithms to find shortest paths in a graph. The grassfire algorithm has a complexity of O(|V|) where V is the number ...
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1answer
155 views

Correctness proof for greedy algorithm based on ratio

I've an issue stated as follows: We have 10000 jobs to do, each with some length $l_i$ and weight (importance) $w_i$. Our goal is to arrange the schedule of doing these jobs (in other words, ...
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2answers
105 views

FInding the combination with the least number of elements from and array of integers, given an integer sum

I'm doing and assignment where the problem is to find the combination with the least number of elements form an array of integers, given an integer sum. I have solved this using a gready algorithm ...
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1answer
81 views

Minimum Number of Integers From a List that Add up to N (Dynamic Programming)

A problem I'm working on requires me to find the minimum # of integers from a given list that add up to $N$, or more specifically: Given a list $L$ of $K$ integers, $[a_1, a_2, ... , a_k$], where ...
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2answers
149 views

Why does this greedy algorithm fail to accurately determine whether a graph is a perfect matching?

I came across this problem in Tim Roughgarden's course on Coursera: In this problem you are given as input a graph $T=(V,E)$ that is a tree (that is, $T$ is undirected, connected, and acyclic). A ...
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1answer
311 views

Proof of a greedy algorithm concerning “Buy and Resell Problem”

"Buy and Resell Problem" can be described in the following way: There are $n$ cities. For each city, the price of products in this city is given (a positive number). Now a person will travel from ...
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2answers
696 views

Find the lexicographically smallest order of N numbers such that the total of N numbers <= Threshold value

GIven a number N, Threshold T and an array A. Find the lexicographically smallest order of N numbers from A such that the total of these N numbers is <= T. This question is a simplification of ...
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0answers
69 views

Maximum number of non-overlapping rectangles where each contains a minimum number of points

Given n points and 0 < p < n, find the maximum number k of rectangles such that each rectangle contains at least p points and no two rectangles overlap. Each point is distinct from every other ...
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1answer
62 views

Designing a greedy scheduling algorithm for two sets of non-mutually exclusive tasks

Lets just say I have two lists of the running time of tasks A and B. Formally, I would have: A = {a_1, a_2, a_3 ... a_n} B = {b_1, b_2, b_3 ... b_n} I can only ...
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1answer
33 views

Is there a generic algorithm to optimally combine elements by some arbitrary scoring method?

I'm looking for a generic algorithm to optimally combine elements of a list. I'm not sure if it even exists, but I believe some kind of divide-and-conquer algorithm could exist. In my specidifc case, ...
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1answer
53 views

Candy Problem for k size window

I was solving this problem and end up learning two ways to solve this problem. One is two pass method and the other is considering peak and valleys (candies - interviewstreet). Both of these are O(n) ...
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1answer
72 views

Mimimum spanning tree with a constraint on number of certain types of edges

I have the the following problem. Say we have a graph $G = (V,E)$ where all $e \in E$ have positive weight, and $E$ can be separated in to two disjoint sets $E = A \cup B$. We have to find a spanning ...
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1answer
68 views

what is the significance of the word “Sub-problems” in Greedy Method?

With respect to Dynamic Programming we make a statement that : Greedy algorithm have a local choice of the sub-problems whereas Dynamic programming would solve the all sub-problems and then ...