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Questions tagged [linear-algebra]

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Intuitive self-contained proof of Farkas' Lemma

I've been studying the proof of Farkas' Lemma, and given my rather fuzzy memory of Linear Algebra, am having some trouble with it. One version of Farkas' lemma states: For any convex cone generated ...
767 views

It is possible to implement a *greater than* function using only addition, substractions and multiplications?

All values are from a finite field $Z_t$. I want to write a function greater than like this $GT(x,y) = \begin{cases} 1, & \text{if } x > y, \\ 0, & \text{otherwise}. \end{cases}$ ...
222 views

Solving systems of linear equations over semirings

So I have come across an issue where it would be very nice to solve systems of linear equations over semirings but I have no clue how to do that. Over a field I would use Gaussian elimination but I'm ...
38 views

Using Taylor series in 1D Grayscale Image

Could someone point me in the direction of how to solve this? I = [I1, . . . , In] is a 1D grayscale image and D = [D1, . . . , Dn] represents the second derivative of I. I am given the four pixel ...
76 views

Rank of random binary matrix subset

I have a problem that smells like it is NP-complete, but at the same time it feels like maybe you can solve it by just keeping track of column-wise Hamming distance or something, or that it's ...
74 views

Properties of coset

Let $C$ be a linear code with minimum distance $2k$. I want to show that there is a coset of $C$ that contains at least two vectors of weight $k$. Firstly, it holds that the minimum distance of the ...
122 views

How to compute $\mathbf{X}^T \mathbf{X}$ efficiently for large $\mathbf{X}$?

Let $\mathbf{X}$ be a $n \times n$ matrix. Given that we can only keep $k$ rows ($k << n$) or columns of the matrix in memory, how can we compute $\mathbf{X}^T \mathbf{X}$ while minimizing the ...
119 views

Linear equation solving with special sparse coefficient matrix

Given a linear equation system of $n$ equations with unknowns $a_1,a_2,...,a_n\in [0,1]$, where the left hand side of each equation consists of not more than $k$ variables (so there are at least $n-k$ ...
618 views

Minimal basis for set of binary vectors using XOR

I would be surprised if this isn't a well-studied problem, but I'm not sure what else to search for at this point: you're given a set of binary $n$-vectors $S \subset \{0,1\}^n$. The problem is to ...
76 views

Relation between determinant and matrix multiplication

I remember reading somewhere that if matrix multiplication can be done in $O(n^\omega)$ time then determinants can be computed in $O(n^\omega)$ time. I am unable to find the reduction and would it be ...
313 views

Solving/Optimizing a linear system in a finite field (Z/2Z)

I'm trying to solve the following optimization problem. A is a rectangular matrix with coefficients in the finite field Z/2Z (size less than 1000 X 1000). I have a system of the form A.X = Y (X and Y ...
253 views

Number of solutions to linear system of equations over GF(2)

Linear systems of equations over the reals have either 0, 1 or infinitely many solutions. However, when applied to finite fields (specifically GF(2)), infinitely many is not an option. Is there a ...
129 views

Scheduling distributed computational graph

I work in computational fluid dynamics. And I spend most of my time waiting for simulation to complete. The common way to improve simulation performance is to use a suitable distributed linear ...
1k views

Inverting a band matrix

I have a band matrix -- a sparse, square, symmetric $N \times N$ matrix whose structure looks like the following: Here, the area under the blue stripes is the non-zero elements; everything else is ...
39 views

2 qubits, correct way CNOT a 3rd qubit with the 1st? [duplicate]

Suppose I have 2 qubits in the state a|00>+b|01>+c|10>+d|11>. And suppose I want to perform some operation between only the 1st qubit and a 3rd qubit - for example a CNOT operation. What would be ...
78 views

Unfeasible linear program becomes feasible if a variable is removed

Apologies, not a computer scientist by trade but I'm playing with linear programming these days. Let $\{x_i\}$ be $N$ optimization variables with bounds $$l_i \leq x_i \leq u_i$$ I'm interested in ...
67 views

Efficient algorithms for dealing with linear algebra over the rationals

I'm an academic mathematician. While trying to verify a counterexample to something in my research, the following computational problem has arisen: Fix a vector space $V = \mathbb{Q}^n$. Here $n$ ...
34 views

190 views

Calculating eigenvalue gap of a torus graph

Consider a two-dimensional grid with wrap-around edges (a doughnut-shaped graph). I need to calculate the second-largest eigenvalue of the adjacency matrix. Is there a faster way of computing it for ...
Given integers $n,m$, I want to find a $m \times n$ binary matrix $X$ such that there does not exist any non-zero vector $y \in \{-1,0,1\}^n$ with $Xy=0$ (all operations performed over $\mathbb{Z}$). ...
Suppose we are given matrices $A_1, \ldots, A_k$ which are $n \times n$ matrices with rational entries and are asked to determine whether the polynomial \${\rm det}(\alpha_1 A_1 + \alpha_2 A_2 + \cdots ...