# Questions tagged [loops]

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### Does any algorithm loops at some point?

Given that any implementable algorithm has a finite number of internal states, and given that any state is determined by the previous one, does that implies that any algorithm loops at some point? If ...
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### Class inheritance hierarchy

Consider the inheritance hierarchy shown below. Each part of this question is independent. ...
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### I cannot find an invariant for the following program

I have the following: (|$y=0; x=c$|) while(x > 0){y=y+a; x=x-1;} (|$y= a*c$|) This seems like a fairly simple program and I can intuitively tell that the post ...
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### How to draw flowchart for if condition within nested loops?

Please find my program logic as below : Please find my flowchart for the above program logic as below: My superior asked me correct the flowchart. But I couldn't identify my mistakes. Please guide ...
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### Time Complexity of the below code? [duplicate]

here is a nested loop where all the variable are integers.This is another question to the thread. I understood the solution part , but stuck in the time-complexity part. What is the time complexity ...
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### What is an array that can be iterated circularly an infinite amount of times called?

I have a feeling that the answer is either a "circular linked list" or a finite state machine, but the answer is probably a circular linked list.
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### Dealing with test condition '=' for a while loop when determining a bound function/loop variant

The following is the definition of what a bound function for a while loop must satisfy: The bound function is an integer-valued, total function of some of the inputs, variables and global data that ...
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### is a while loop always an indefinite loop?

Building on this example and others found elsewhere we have two types of loops, definite and indefinite: definite being a loop that has its number of iterations known before it is executed. E.g. a ...
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### algorithm analysis - complex dependant nested loop

First of all, I know there are many questions like this on the site. But I think this case is a bit different. Consider the following code: ...
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### Relative efficiency of n tasks in 1 loop vs. 1 task each in n loops?

Say I have 3 simple tasks, to find the min, the max, and the average of an array of numbers. A modular approach would be to write one function for each, thus iterating over the array thrice. However, ...
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### What would be the big-o time complexity of this scenario? [duplicate]

I am wondering what the time complexity of a for loop that increments the control variable, but also multiplies it inside the loop. For example ...
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### Run time analysis of inner loop [duplicate]

What is the run time of the following piece of code in Big-Oh notation? The first loop runs n times in the worst case. But I am having difficulty in finding run time of nested loop which runs V / deno[...
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### What will be big O complexity for this loop? [duplicate]

I am not able to understand time complexity of this for loop. While outer loop is O(n) the inner loop jumps certain calculation. How to find the complexity? ...
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### Quotient in LOOP program [closed]

I want to construct a LOOP-computable program for the integer division (quotient): x = a DIV b The LOOP specification can be seen here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LOOP_(programming_language) I ...
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### Time complexity dependent on magnitude of input [duplicate]

I'm trying to analyze an algorithm that looks like this: def foo(L): for n in L: for x in range(n): ... What would be its time complexity?...
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### Find the efficiency class

I have to find the efficiency class of this algorithm b = 3 a = 4 for i = 4 to n^2 if (i mod 2 == 0) a = a+2 else b = b*3 end for I ...
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### Big-O notation for nested loops that might skip iterations

When you have an algorithm that may skip a lot of iterations due to a hash table lookup, do you still count the iterations that are exited immediately? Hypothetical example: ...
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### Finding time complexity when while loop included [duplicate]

There are two sorted arrays nums1 and nums2 of size m and n respectively. Find the median of the two sorted arrays. Example 1: nums1 = [1, 3] nums2 = [2] The median is 2.0 Example 2: nums1 = [1, ...
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### How can a computer run an infinite loop?

I understand the concept behind for and do/while loops, but I am trying to understand what is happening at the hardware level that allows a loop to run infinitely. Technically wouldn't it have to stop ...
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### Measuring infinite loops [closed]

Theoretically, is there a way to measure how many infinite loops are running at a given point in time? In other words, is there a way to freeze everything and get a number on how many infinite lines ...
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### What is the procedure to find the time complexity of python program? [duplicate]

Is there any kind of function which is used in python to calculate the time complexity of another function?
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### How do you solve this [1,5,9,4] pair numbers problem?

So given an array of [1,5,9,4], find all pairs of numbers that can sum/subtract/divide/multiply to another number in the array(that number is not part of the pair), and return the total count of pairs ...
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### Nested Function stuck on iteration update

I want to solve the Sparse Extended Information Filter Slam described by Dr. Sebestian Thrun in Probabilistic Robotics.I stuck in some nested function. The algorithm is described in page 309 in this ...
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### Exponential nested Loop Big O complexity calculation [duplicate]

Can I get a bit of help over here, I can't seem to get to a finish point with this code complexity. I have trouble with making notations, exponential ones in particular..... I spent hours with this ...
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### What changes do I need to make to my algorithm to make this scene from a different angle? [closed]

The code below is in F#. It creates a scene which looks like a perspective coming from the top left. I thought if I would change i % j = w then it would come from ...
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### How Janus (Reversible Programming Language) if, while, and Update Work

In Reversible Computing, all program statements are reversible. I understand for example that the following: \begin{align} x\ {+}&{=}\ 4\\ y\ {*}&{=}\ x\\ x\ {-}&{=}\ 10 \end{align} Has ...
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### Why does the insertion-sort algorithm have a quadratic instead of a quasi-linear time complexity?

Can someone explain how the insertion sort have quadratic time complexity and not quasi-linear time complexity in the worst-case? Even in the case of a reversely sorted list, it's not like it'll have ...
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### What is the most used way to write for-loop as pseudocode?

for $e\leftarrow1$ to 8 do for $e\in[1,8]$ do for $e\in\{x\in\mathbb{N}|1\le x\le8\}$ do What is more preferred?
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s = n while (s > 4) s = s / 2 else s = s - 1 Let $T(n) = \Theta(S(n))$ where $S(n)$ is number of while-loop runs. $S(n)=1 + S(n/2)$ if $n$ is even $S(n)=... 1answer 100 views ### Big Oh notation for a function with two inputs of linear growth I'm quite new to time-complexity analysis so I might have misunderstood some basic concepts but lets say we have the following function: ... 1answer 99 views ### Loop termination - Loop invariant (x >= 0 && y >= 0) q = 0; r = x; while ( r >=y ) { r = r - y; q = q + 1; } (x = q*y +r) && (r >= 0) && (r < y) For ... 0answers 29 views ### Scheduling loop I do not understand how do you write schduled loop from unscheduled one. The unscheduled loop straightforward if you follow the stall rules. The rules say you are supposed to stall after L.D but in ... 1answer 34 views ### Little bit confusing to compute time complexity of nested loop [duplicate] 1 for(i=1; i<=n; i++){ 2 for(j=1; j<=n; j*=2){ 3 a[i][j]=b[i][j-1]+1; 4 } 5 } line 1 : n+1 times lnie 2 : n/2+1 times line 3 : constant time c ... 1answer 85 views ### time complexity when power is involved in iteration How do I calculate the time complexity of the following method? Would you please provide explanation? I know it's going to involve sqrt(n) * <something>. I ... 2answers 682 views ### Time complexity of euler totient function Code for finding$\phi$(n) is ... 2answers 642 views ### Solving complexity using summation I have the following algorithm: func() { for(i=1; i<n; i=i*2) print("aa"); } How can I find Big-Oh using summation? 1answer 579 views ### Complexity of while loop using series For the following code fragment: i = 1; s = 1; while(s <= n) { i++; s = s+i; printf("x"); } How can we go about proving the time complexity of ... 1answer 90 views ### Complexity of a loop If the body of a simple for loop has time complexity$O(n)$and it is executed$n-1$times what is the time complexity of the complete loop? I am trying to figure out the correct answer to this ... 1answer 314 views ### Run Time of Nested Loop In the following loop for i = 1 to n doSomething O(1) for j = 1 to k doSomething O(1) Is the runtime still$O(nk)$even with the expression in ... 0answers 83 views ### How many operations does this algorithm require? I have the following algorithm x = 0 S = {} k = 1 while x + a[k] < n do S = S + {k} x = x + a[k] k = k + 1 end where ... 1answer 45 views ### Loop Transforms to Increase Parallelism I have the need to parallelize as much as I can (in order to make it run fast) the following part of an algorithm: ... 1answer 2k views ### Recursion call inside a for loop time I'm analyzing a piece of code that has a recursive call inside a for loop such as: ... 1answer 1k views ### Find Number of even subarrays$O(n)\$ [explanation needed]

So I found a solution to this problem here http://marcodiiga.github.io/number-of-even-sum-subarrays but I am unsure of exactly how it works. I get the premise that in order to have an even sum it must ...
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### How to get Loop invariants to prove program is correct in Hoare logic

start off stating the definition of a loop invariant. It is a condition that must be true at the start of the loop and must be true after each iteration of the loop. I understand what it is but i have ...